map of Senegal; source WR SENEGAL

general data of the country


 
General useful information
 
Note: some data are of constant value, while other are due to changes, fluctuations etc.
 
Nation and population
official name (short form): Sénégal
country code ISO: SN //; - FIPS: SG
location: West Africa
time zone: +0 UT
surface (land) area: 196720 sq.km = 75950 sq.mi //; - area incl. inland waters: sq.km = sq.mi
geographical position in extreme co-ordinates: North: 17° N / South: 12° N / East: 11° W / West: 18° W
borders (land): Mauritania, Mali, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gambia
borders (coastline): Atlantic Ocean
climate: tropical, somewhat cooler in the coastal regions
Government
independent since: 1960-08-20
type of government: republic
capital: Dakar
administrative division: région (10)
Population
population according to the latest census (1988): 6928,405
total population according to the estimate of midyear 2000: 9987,494; or: 9530,000 /-; 2001: 9802,778; or:10284,929
population density: 51 per sq.km = 132 per sq.mi
population growth: 3% //; - doubling time: 23 years
birth rate: 37 - 43 per 1000
death rate: 8 - 12 per 1000
fertility rate: 6 children per female
maternal mortality: 600 per 100,000
infant mortality (1-4 years): 74 per 1000
life expectancy: 52 - 62 years (male: 56 - 61; female: 58 - 64)
age breakdown: 0-14 years: 45% //; - 15-59 years: 50% //; - 60+ years: 5%
urbanisation: 47% //; - urbanisation growth: 3%
percentage of urban population in the greatest city: 65%
Ethnic composition, language, religion
ethnic groups: Wolof 43%; Serer 15%; Fulani (Peul) 14%; Tukulor 9%; Diola 5%; Mandingo 4%; other 10%
languages: French (official) and African Sudanese dialects like Wolof, Pulaar, Diola, Mandingo
religious affiliation: Sunnî Muslim 92%; traditional beliefs 6%; Christian (predominantly Roman Catholic) 2%
Health
daily food intake: 2277 calories per capita
population with access to safe water: 78%
people per physician: 14825
people per hospital bed:
Education, literacy
school enrolment: primary education 6-11 years: 42%
school enrolment: secondary education: 10%
school enrolment: tertiary education 20-24 years: 2%
adult literacy: 33 - 36% (male: 43%; female: 23%)
 
Economy and infrastructure
 
Economy and trade
currency: CFA franc = 100 centimes
annual inflation rate: 4,6%
population below poverty line: 33%
Gross Domestic Product: USD 610 - 1730 per capita
GNI USD 490 per capita //; - [ppp: 1480]
GDP growth: 1%
income: USD 720 per capita
import: USD 1139 per capita //; - export: USD 605 per capita
trade: USD 235 per capita //; - or 57% of GDP
trade partners: FR NI IT US IN ML
human development index: 0,423 //; - position of the country in the world no.: 145
female labour force: 43%
unemployment: %
tourism: 0,4 million
Economic activities in agriculture, fisheries, industry, mining, services, energy
land use: arable land: 12% //; - grass land: 16 - 30% //; - wooded area: 40 - 55% //; - arid land and desert: 19%
agriculture: labour force: 81% //; - part of agriculture in GDP: 20%
agricultural products: sugarcane, groundnuts, millet, paddy rice, sorghum, maize, cassava, cotton
livestock (million): cattle: 3,1 / goats: 3,9 / horses: 0,5 / pigs: 0,3 / poultry: 45 / sheep: 4,5
fish catch: 418100 - 507000 metric tonnes
industry: labour force: 6% //; - part of industry in GDP: 19%
industrial products: cement, sugar, wheat flour, canned fish, light chemicals (fertilizers, soap)
mining products: calsium phosphate, salt, aluminium phosphate, natural gas, marble, iron, copper
CO2 emission per capita: 0,4
services: labour force: 13% //; - part of services in GDP: 62%
energy use (kg per capita): 318
electricity use (per capita): 114
annual water use (per capita): 202
Traffic, communication
road network: 14580 km //; - of which paved: 29% //; - of which are motorways: 0 km
vehicles: 9 per 1000
railways: 897, or: 1186 km //; - railways passenger/km: 206
navigable inland waterways: 897 km
ownership telephone: 10 - 18 per 1000
ownership radio receivers: 93 - 142 per 1000
ownership tv-sets: 7 - 41 per 1000
newspaper circulation: 6 per 1000
persons per post office: 61100
personal computers: 17 per 1000
 
Some physical landmarks
 
mountains: on the border with Guinea a peak of 581 m, another peak of 419 m nw of Kédougou (no names found in atlantes or on maps)
lowest point: sea level
lakes (natural): Lac de Guier
lakes (artificial reservoirs): none, or unknown
lakes (deepest): unknown
rivers: Gambia, Senegal, Saloum, Casamance
canals: none, or unknown
waterfalls: none, or unknown
caves: longest system: none, or unknown / deepest:
islands: Île de Gorée
deserts: none
other natural features:
 
Additional remarks, especially on the statistical information
 
other important features:
apart from physical landmarks most of the above figures are changeable, in most cases they date from the 1990's
 
primary sources used for the general information:
BB CA EV PW WA WB WR, and some national statistical yearbooks
particulars concerning population data:
 

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Latest modification of this page on 2004-03-04 by Jan Lahmeyer
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