map of Nigeria; source: WR NIGERIA

general data of the country


 
General useful information
 
Note: some data are of constant value, while other are due to changes, fluctuations etc.
 
Nation and population
official name (short form): Nigeria
country code ISO: NG //; - FIPS: NI
location: West Africa
time zone: +1 UT
surface (land) area: 923768 sq.km = 356669 sq.mi //; - area incl. inland waters: sq.km = sq.mi
geographical position in extreme co-ordinates: North: 14° N / South: 4° N / East: 15° E / West: 3° E
borders (land): Benin, Niger, Chad, Cameroon
borders (coastline): Atlantic Ocean
climate: tropical (humid in the south, arid in the north)
Government
independent since: 1960-10-01
type of government: federal republic
capital: Abuja
administrative division: state (30) + federal capital territory (1)
Population
population according to the latest census (1991): 88514,501
total population according to the estimate of midyear 2000: 123337,822; or: 126910,000 /-; 2001: 126635,62
population density: 134 per sq.km = 348 per sq.mi
population growth: 3% //; - doubling time: 23 years
birth rate: 40 - 45 per 1000
death rate: 14 - 15 per 1000
fertility rate: 6 children per female
maternal mortality: 800 per 100,000
infant mortality (1-4 years): 84 per 1000
life expectancy: 51 years (male: 51; female: 51)
age breakdown: 0-14 years: 47% //; - 15-59 years: 49% //; - 60+ years: 4%
urbanisation: 44% //; - urbanisation growth: 4,7%
percentage of urban population in the greatest city: 17%
Ethnic composition, language, religion
ethnic groups: Hausa 21%; Yoruba 21%; Igbo 18%; Fulani 11%; Ibibio 5,6%; Kanuri 4%; Edo 3%; Tiv 2%; Ijaw 2%; Bura 2%; Nupe 1%; other 8%
languages: English (official); Hausa, Yoruba, Ibo
religious affiliation: Sunnî Muslim 43%; indigenous beliefs 19%; Protestant 15%; Roman Catholic 8%; other Christian 12%; other 3%
Health
daily food intake: 2882 calories per capita
population with access to safe water: 39 - 57%
people per physician: 3707
people per hospital bed: 1477
Education, literacy
school enrolment: primary education 6-11 years: 70%
school enrolment: secondary education: 19%
school enrolment: tertiary education 20-24 years: 3%
adult literacy: 57% (male: 67%; female: 47%) [later total figure found: 64%]
 
Economy and infrastructure
 
Economy and trade
currency: Nigerian naira = 100 kobo
annual inflation rate: 29%
population below poverty line: 34%
Gross Domestic Product: USD 920 per capita
GNI USD 260 per capita //; - [ppp: 800]
GDP growth: -0,4%
income: USD 290 per capita
import: USD 8839 per capita //; - export: USD 11887 per capita
trade: USD 159 per capita //; - or 80% of GDP
trade partners: GB DE US FR NL IT
human development index: 0,455 //; - position of the country in the world no.: 136
female labour force: 37%
unemployment: 4,5%
tourism: 0,8 million
Economic activities in agriculture, fisheries, industry, mining, services, energy
land use: arable land: 35% //; - grass land: 44% //; - wooded area: 13% //; - arid land and desert: %
agriculture: labour force: 45% //; - part of agriculture in GDP: 37%
agricultural products: cocoa, yams, cassava, maize, sorghum, millet, rice, bananas, groundnuts, taro, palm products
livestock (million): asses: 1 / cattle: 19,8 / goats: 24,3 / pigs: 4,8 / poultry: 126 / sheep: 20,5
fish catch: 383417 metric tonnes
industry: labour force: 4% //; - part of industry in GDP: 38%
industrial products: food & beverages, textiles, chemical products, metal products, machinery, palm oil, cotton
mining products: oil, natural gas, coal, tin, iron, bauxite, columbite, lead, zinc, limestone
CO2 emission per capita: 0,6
services: labour force: 51% //; - part of services in GDP: 25%
energy use (kg per capita): 705
electricity use (per capita): 85
annual water use (per capita): 37
Traffic, communication
road network: 32810, or: 107990 km //; - of which paved: 83, or 31% //; - of which are motorways: 115 km
vehicles: 4 per 1000
railways: 3505 km //; - railways passenger/km: 555
navigable inland waterways: 8575 km
ownership telephone: 4 per 1000
ownership radio receivers: 170 - 197 per 1000
ownership tv-sets: 38 - 61 per 1000
newspaper circulation: 18 per 1000
persons per post office: 26900
personal computers: 7 per 1000
 
Some physical landmarks
 
mountains: Dimlang 2042 m, Sara Peak 1690, Mount Kagora 1635
lowest point: sea level
lakes (natural): Lake Chad
lakes (artificial reservoirs): Kainji Reservoir, Tiga Reservoir
lakes (deepest): unknown
rivers: Niger, Kaduna, Benue, Hadejia, Cross, Ogun, Oshun
canals: none, or unknown
waterfalls: none, or unknown
caves: longest system: none, or unknown / deepest:
islands: some islands in the Niger delta
deserts: none
other natural features:
 
Additional remarks, especially on the statistical information
 
other important features:
apart from physical landmarks most of the above figures are changeable, in most cases they date from the 1990's
 
primary sources used for the general information:
BB CA EV PW WA WB WR, and some national statistical yearbooks
particulars concerning population data:
 

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Latest modification of this page on 2004-02-29 by Jan Lahmeyer
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