map of Niger; source: WR NIGER

general data of the country


 
General useful information
 
Note: some data are of constant value, while other are due to changes, fluctuations etc.
 
Nation and population
official name (short form): Niger
country code ISO: NE //; - FIPS: NG
location: West Africa
time zone: +1 UT
surface (land) area: 1186408, or: 1267000 sq.km = 458075, or: 489188 sq.mi
geographical position in extreme co-ordinates: North: 23° N / South: 12° N / East: 16° E / West: 0° E
borders (land): Algeria, Libya, Chad, Nigeria, Benin, Burkina faso, Mali
borders (coastline): none
climate: tropical arid
Government
independent since: 1960-08-03
type of government: republic
capital: Niamey
administrative division: département (7)
Population
population according to the latest census (1988): 7228,552
total population according to the estimate of midyear 2000: 10075,511; or: 10832,000 /-; 2001: 11030,000
population density: 9 per sq.km = 23,5 per sq.mi
population growth: 3% //; - doubling time: 23 years
birth rate: 55 per 1000
death rate: 25 per 1000
fertility rate: 7 children per female
maternal mortality: 420 per 100,000
infant mortality (1-4 years): 119 per 1000
life expectancy: 42 years (male: 42; female: 41)
age breakdown: 0-14 years: 48% //; - 15-59 years: 48% //; - 60+ years: 4%
urbanisation: 21% //; - urbanisation growth: 7%
percentage of urban population in the greatest city: 31%
Ethnic composition, language, religion
ethnic groups: Hausa 53%; Djerma 15%; Fula 9%; Kanuri-Nanga 9%; Songhai 8%; Tuareg 3%; other 2%
languages: French (official); Hausa, Djerma
religious affiliation: Sunnî Muslim 89%; traditional beliefs 11%
Health
daily food intake: 1966 calories per capita
population with access to safe water: 53 - 59%
people per physician: 54444
people per hospital bed:
Education, literacy
school enrolment: primary education 6-11 years: 23%
school enrolment: secondary education: 4%
school enrolment: tertiary education 20-24 years: < 1%
adult literacy: 13,6% (male: 20,9%; female: 6,6%) [later total figure found: 16%]
 
Economy and infrastructure
 
Economy and trade
currency: CFA franc = 100 centimes
annual inflation rate: 6%
population below poverty line: 63%
Gross Domestic Product: USD 850 per capita
GNI USD 180 per capita //; - [ppp: 740]
GDP growth: -1%
income: USD 300 per capita
import: USD 355 per capita //; - export: USD 312 per capita
trade: USD 87 per capita //; - or 40% of GDP
trade partners: FR US CI NI ES JP
human development index: 0,274 //; - position of the country in the world no.: 161
female labour force: 44%
unemployment: %
tourism: 0,05 million
Economic activities in agriculture, fisheries, industry, mining, services, energy
land use: arable land: 3% //; - grass land: 7% //; - wooded area: 2% //; - arid land and desert: ca 85%
agriculture: labour force: 85% //; - part of agriculture in GDP: 38%
agricultural products: millet, beans, cowpeas, sorghum, cassava, onions, sugarcane, rice, peanuts, cotton
livestock (million): asses: 0,6 / camels: 0,4 / cattle: 2,2 / goats: 6,7 / horses: 0,08 / poultry: 20 / sheep: 4,4
fish catch: 11000 metric tonnes
industry: labour force: 3% //; - part of industry in GDP: 19%
industrial products: food processing and beverages, chemicals, construction materials, textiles
mining products: uranium, salt, tin, gypsum. coal, tungsten, iron, calcium
CO2 emission per capita: 0,1
services: labour force: 12% //; - part of services in GDP: 43%
energy use (kg per capita): 43
electricity use (per capita):
annual water use (per capita): 41
Traffic, communication
road network: 9863, or: 39970 km //; - of which paved: 8% //; - of which are motorways: 0 km (Trans-Sahara Highway 428 km)
vehicles: 5 per 1000
railways: 0 km //; - railways passenger/km: -
navigable inland waterways: 300 km
ownership telephone: 1,5 - 2 per 1000
ownership radio receivers: 48 - 70 per 1000
ownership tv-sets: 3 - 27 per 1000
newspaper circulation: 1,3 per 1000
persons per post office: 134000
personal computers: 0,5 per 1000
 
Some physical landmarks
 
mountains: Mont Bagzane 2022 m, Adrar Tamgak 1988, Gréboun 1944
lowest point: ca 150 m near Gaya, at the southernmost tip where the river Niger leaves the country
lakes (natural): Lake Chad (its former northeastern tip is situated in the southeast of the country)
lakes (artificial reservoirs):
lakes (deepest): unknown
rivers: Niger
canals: none, or unknown
waterfalls: none, or unknown
caves: longest system: none, or unknown / deepest:
islands: none
deserts: Sahara
other natural features:
 
Additional remarks, especially on the statistical information
 
other important features:
apart from physical landmarks most of the above figures are changeable, in most cases they date from the 1990's
 
primary sources used for the general information:
BB CA EV PW WA WB WR, and some national statistical yearbooks
particulars concerning population data:
 

top    To the page containing the population growth statistics of the country

next    To the page containing the historical population growth statistics of the provinces

down    To the page containing urban historical population statistics

back    Back to the homepage of this website: POPULATION STATISTICS


back     Internet website:
information page of Niger


Latest modification of this page on 2004-02-29 by Jan Lahmeyer
1999/2004 "populstat" site: Jan Lahmeyer