map of Mauritius; source: WR MAURITIUS

general data of the country


 
General useful information
 
Note: some data are of constant value, while other are due to changes, fluctuations etc.
 
Nation and population
official name (short form): Mauritius
country code ISO: MU //; - FIPS: MP
location: East Africa
time zone: +4 UT
surface (land) area: 1865 sq.km = 720 sq.mi //; - area incl. inland waters: 2040 sq.km = 788 sq.mi
geographical position in extreme co-ordinates: North: 10° S / South: 21° S / East: 64° E / West: 55° E
borders (land): none
borders (coastline): Indian Ocean
climate: subtropical humid
Government
independent since: 1968-03-12
type of government: republic
capital: Port Louis
administrative division: district (9) + dependency (3); since 1991 also urban council (5)
Population
population according to the last two censuses (1990): 1056,827 / -; (2000): 1143,069
total population according to the estimate of midyear 2000: 1179,368; or: 1186,000 / -; 2001: 1156,000
population density: 616 per sq.km = 1597 per sq.mi
population growth: 1,3% //; - doubling time: 54 years
birth rate: 16 - 17 per 1000
death rate: 6 - 7 per 1000
fertility rate: 2 children per female
maternal mortality: 100 per 100,000
infant mortality (1-4 years): 22 per 1000
life expectancy: 71 years (male: 67; female: 75)
age breakdown: 0-14 years: 29% //; - 15-59 years: 63% //; - 60+ years: 8%
urbanisation: 41% //; - urbanisation growth: %
percentage of urban population in the greatest city: %
Ethnic composition, language, religion
ethnic groups: Indian 66%; Creole 27%; European 4%; Chinese 3%
languages: English (official); Creole, French, Indian languages (mainly Hindi & Bojpoori)
religious affiliation: Hindu 51%; Roman Catholic 27%; Muslim 16%; other 6%
Health
daily food intake: 1180 calories per capita
population with access to safe water: 98%
people per physician: 1180
people per hospital bed:
Education, literacy
school enrolment: primary education 6-11 years: 82%
school enrolment: secondary education: 31%
school enrolment: tertiary education 20-24 years: 2%
adult literacy: 83% (male: %; female: %)
 
Economy and infrastructure
 
Economy and trade
currency: Mauritian rupee = 100 cents
annual inflation rate: 6%
population below poverty line: 11,5%
Gross Domestic Product: USD 3180 per capita
GNI USD 3750 per capita //; - [ppp: 9940]
GDP growth: 4%
income: USD 2420 per capita
import: USD 2023 per capita //; - export: USD 1556 per capita
trade: USD 2586 per capita //; - or 82% of GDP
trade partners: GB FR US DE CH JP ZA
human development index: 0,765 //; - position of the country in the world no.: 63
female labour force: 34%
unemployment: %
tourism: 0,7 million
Economic activities in agriculture, fisheries, industry, mining, services, energy
land use: arable land: 57% //; - grass land: 4% //; - wooded area: 31% //; - arid land and desert: %
agriculture: labour force: 19% //; - part of agriculture in GDP: 11%
agricultural products: sugar cane, tea, potatoes, tomatoes, bananas, onions, pineappels, cabbages, corn/maize
livestock (1000s): cattle: 27 / goats: 94 / pigs: 20 / poultry: 4427 / sheep: 7
fish catch: 12004 - 13852 metric tonnes
industry: labour force: 31% //; - part of industry in GDP: 33%
industrial products: food processing, textiles
mining products: none
CO2 emission per capita: 1,5
services: labour force: 50% //; - part of services in GDP: 56%
energy use (kg per capita): 389
electricity use (per capita):
annual water use (per capita): 410
Traffic, communication
road network: 1816, or 1910 km //; - of which paved: 93% //; - of which are motorways: 0 km
vehicles: 39 per 1000
railways: 0 km //; - railways passenger/km: -
navigable inland waterways: 0 km
ownership telephone: 131 - 224 per 1000
ownership radio receivers: 353 - 368 per 1000
ownership tv-sets: 187 - 228 per 1000
newspaper circulation: 68 per 1000
persons per post office: 10900
personal computers: 101 per 1000
 
Some physical landmarks
 
mountains: Piton de la Petite Rivière Noire 828 m, Le Pouce 811, M. du Rampart 777, M. Cocotte 771
lowest point: sea level
lakes (natural): none, or unknown
lakes (artificial reservoirs): Mare aux Vacoas, La Nicolière, La Ferme, Valetta, Piton du Milieu, Eau Bleue
lakes (deepest): unknown
rivers: a number of small rivers to drain the mountains, among them: Grande Rivière du Sud
canals: none, or unknown
waterfalls: none, or unknown
caves: longest system: none, or unknown / deepest:
islands: see the column particulars at the separate file of the administrative division
deserts: none
other natural features:
 
Additional remarks, especially on the statistical information
 
other important features:
apart from physical landmarks most of the above figures are changeable, in most cases they date from the 1990's
 
primary sources used for the general information:
BB CA EV PW WA WB WR, and some national statistical yearbooks
particulars concerning population data:
 

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Latest modification of this page on 2004-02-26 by Jan Lahmeyer
1999/2004 "populstat" site: Jan Lahmeyer