map of  Guinea Bissau; source: WR GUINEA -BISSAU

general data of the country


 
General useful information
 
Note: some data are of constant value, while other are due to changes, fluctuations etc.
 
Nation and population
official name (short form): Guiné-Bissau
country code ISO: GW //; - FIPS: PU
location: West Africa
time zone: +0 UT
surface (land) area: 36120 sq.km = 13946 sq.mi //; - area incl. inland waters: sq.km = sq.mi
geographical position in extreme co-ordinates: North: 13° N / South: 11° N / East: 13° W / West: 17° W
borders (land): Senegal, Guinea
borders (coastline): Atlantic Ocean
climate: tropical
Government
independent since: 1974-09-10
type of government: republic
capital: Bissau
administrative division: region (8)
Population
population according to the latest census (1991): 983,367
total population according to the estimate of midyear 2000: 1199, 000; or: 1285,715 // - ; 2001: 1227,000; or: 1315,822
population density: 33 per sq.km = 86 per sq.mi
population growth: 2,5% //; - doubling time: 33 years
birth rate: 39 - 43 per 1000
death rate: 15 - 21 per 1000
fertility rate: 6 children per female
maternal mortality: per 100,000
infant mortality (1-4 years): 140 per 1000
life expectancy: 45 - 49 years (male: 42 - 47; female: 45 - 52)
age breakdown: 0-14 years: 41% //; - 15-59 years: 53% //; - 60+ years: 7%
urbanisation: 23% //; - urbanisation growth: %
percentage of urban population in the greatest city: %
Ethnic composition, language, religion
ethnic groups: Balante 30%; Malinké [Fula] 20%; Mandyako [Manjaka] 14%; Mandinga 13%; Pepel 7%
languages: Portuguese (official); Crioulo; tribal Sudanese languages
religious affiliation: Muslim 30 - 90%; traditional beliefs 1 - 65%; Christian 5 - 15%
Health
daily food intake: 2411 calories per capita
population with access to safe water: 53%
people per physician: 7500
people per hospital bed:
Education, literacy
school enrolment: primary education 6-11 years: 38%
school enrolment: secondary education: %
school enrolment: tertiary education 20-24 years: %
adult literacy: 36% (male: %; female: %) [later as total figure found: 55%]
 
Economy and infrastructure
 
Economy and trade
currency: CFA franc = 100 centimes
annual inflation rate: 33%
population below poverty line: 49%
Gross Domestic Product: USD 250 per capita
GNI USD 180 per capita //; - [ppp: 710]
GDP growth: -1%
income: USD 190 per capita
import: USD 64 per capita //; - export: USD 33 per capita
trade: USD 85 per capita //; - or 84% of GDP
trade partners: PT ES FR CH CV SG NL IN CIS
human development index: 0,339 //; - position of the country in the world no.: 156
female labour force: 41%
unemployment: %
tourism: million
Economic activities in agriculture, fisheries, industry, mining, services, energy
land use: arable land: 12% //; - grass land: 38% //; - wooded area: 38% //; - arid land and desert: %
agriculture: labour force: 82% //; - part of agriculture in GDP: 46%
agricultural products: cashew nuts, groundnuts, rice, sugar cane, tropical fruits, cotton, tobacco, corn, beans
livestock (1000s): cattle: 512 / goats: 325 / pigs: 345 / poultry: 850 / sheep: 285
fish catch: 5000 metric tonnes
industry: labour force: 4% //; - part of industry in GDP: 12%
industrial products: fishing industry
mining products: bauxite, phosphate, natural oil
CO2 emission per capita: 0,8
services: labour force: 14% //; - part of services in GDP: 42%
energy use (kg per capita): 37 - 46
electricity use (per capita):
annual water use (per capita): 11
Traffic, communication
road network: 4400 km //; - of which paved: 10% //; - of which are motorways: 0 km
vehicles: 4 per 1000
railways: 0 km //; - railways passenger/km: -
navigable inland waterways: unknown km; most rivers are extensively navigable
ownership telephone: 7 - 10 per 1000
ownership radio receivers: 36 -43 per 1000
ownership tv-sets: unknown, or zero per 1000
newspaper circulation: 6 per 1000
persons per post office: 43300
personal computers: per 1000
 
Some physical landmarks
 
mountains: Madina do Boé 262 m; other elevations are of no importance, it's a relatively flat country
lowest point: sea level
lakes (natural): none, or unknown
lakes (artificial reservoirs): none, or unknown
lakes (deepest): unknown
rivers: Río Gêba, Río Cacheu, Río Corubal
canals: none, or unknown
waterfalls: none, or unknown
caves: longest system: none, or unknown / deepest:
islands: Archipelago do Bijagós: Ilha de Orango, Caravela, Bubaque, Roxa, Bolama, Uno, Formosa
deserts: none
other natural features:
 
Additional remarks, especially on the statistical information
 
other important features:
apart from physical landmarks most of the above figures are changeable, in most cases they date from the 1990's
if there is a range between the figures, the differences are due to the use of several sources
primary sources used for the general information:
BB CA EV PW WA WB WR, and some national statistical yearbooks
particulars concerning population data:
 

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Latest modification of this page on 2004-02-15 by Jan Lahmeyer
1999/2004 "populstat" site: Jan Lahmeyer