map of  Eritrea; source: WR ERITREA

general data of the country


 
General useful information
 
Note: some data are of constant value, while other are due to changes, fluctuations etc.
 
Nation and population
official name (short form): Eritrea
country code ISO: ER //; - FIPS: ER
location: Northeast Africa
time zone: +3 UT
surface (land) area: 93679 sq.km = 36170 sq.mi //; - area incl. inland waters: sq.km = sq.mi
geographical position in extreme co-ordinates: North: 18° N / South: 12° N / East: 43° E / West: 36° E
borders (land): Sudan, Ethiopia, Djibouti
borders (coastline): Red Sea
climate: subtropical, influenced by altitude
Government
independent since: 1993-05-24
type of government: republic
capital: Asmera (Asmara)
administrative division: region (6); formerly - until 1995 -: province (10)
Population
population according to the latest census (1984): 2703,998; or: 2748,304
total population according to the estimate of midyear 2000: 4135,933; or: 4097,000 // - ; 2001: 3989,000
population density: 44 per sq.km = 113 per sq.mi
population growth: 2,7% //; - doubling time: 25 years ; although recently the population tends to decline
birth rate: 44 per 1000
death rate: 12 - 16 per 1000
fertility rate: 6,5 children per female
maternal mortality: per 100,000
infant mortality (1-4 years): 120 per 1000
life expectancy: 56 years (male: 54; female: 59)
age breakdown: 0-14 years: 46% //; - 15-59 years: 48% //; - 60+ years: 6%
urbanisation: 19% //; - urbanisation growth: %
percentage of urban population in the greatest city: %
Ethnic composition, language, religion
ethnic groups: Tigrinya 49%; Tigre 32%; Afar 4%; Hedareb 4%; Kunama 3%
languages: Tirginya, Tigre, Afar, Arabic, Bilen, Kunama, Nara, Saho, Hadareb, Amharic, Italian
religious affiliation: Muslim 69%; Coptic Christian 31%; other (incl. Animist, Roman Catholic, Protestant)
Health
daily food intake: calories per capita
population with access to safe water: 46%
people per physician: 48000
people per hospital bed:
Education, literacy
school enrolment: primary education 6-11 years: %
school enrolment: secondary education: %
school enrolment: tertiary education 20-24 years: %
adult literacy: ca 55% (male: %; female: %)
 
Economy and infrastructure
 
Economy and trade
currency: Nakfa = 100 centesimi
annual inflation rate: 9%
population below poverty line: 53%
Gross Domestic Product: USD 120 per capita
GNI USD 170 per capita //; - [ppp: 960]
GDP growth: 1%
income: USD per capita
import: USD 423 per capita //; - export: USD 86 per capita
trade: USD 104 per capita //; - or % of GDP
trade partners: IT ET SA SD
human development index: 0,416 //; - position of the country in the world no.: 148
female labour force: 47%
unemployment: %
tourism: 0,07 million
Economic activities in agriculture, fisheries, industry, mining, services, energy
land use: arable land: % //; - grass land: % //; - wooded area: 16% //; - arid land and desert: %
agriculture: labour force: 80% //; - part of agriculture in GDP: 11 - 17%
agricultural products: cereals, roots & tubers, sorghum, lentils, pulses, vegetables, melons, millet, barley, cotton, coffee, tobacco
livestock (million): camels: 0,08 / cattle: 2,2 / goats: 1,7 / poultry: 1,2 / sheep: 1,6
fish catch: 7042 metric tonnes
industry: labour force: % //; - part of industry in GDP: 17%
industrial products: food processing, textiles, beverages (all of small importance)
mining products: copper, potash, gold, iron, silver, zinc, oil, silica, granite, marble, salt
CO2 emission per capita:
services: labour force: % //; - part of services in GDP: 58%
energy use (kg per capita):
electricity use (per capita):
annual water use (per capita):
Traffic, communication
road network: 3930 - 4010 km //; - of which paved: 21% //; - of which are motorways: 0 km
vehicles: 1,5 per 1000
railways: 117 km, but not operating //; - railways passenger/km: -
navigable inland waterways: 0 km
ownership telephone: 5 - 7 per 1000
ownership radio receivers: 91 per 1000
ownership tv-sets: 6 - 16 per 1000
newspaper circulation: per 1000
persons per post office: 95300
personal computers: 1,6 per 1000
 
Some physical landmarks
 
mountains: Soira 2989 m, Ira 2817, Suara 2603, Fangaga 2589, Enghershatu 2576
lowest point: sea level
lakes (natural): unknown
lakes (artificial reservoirs): unknown
lakes (deepest): unknown
rivers: Baraka, Falkat, Ansebu, Gash, Tekeze
canals: none
waterfalls: unknown
caves: longest system: unknown / deepest:
islands: Dahlak archipelago
deserts: Danakil
other natural features:
 
Additional remarks, especially on the statistical information
 
other important features:
apart from physical landmarks most of the above figures are changeable, in most cases they date from the 1990's
most available sources at the disposal of the compiler state much figures combined with those of Ethiopia
primary sources used for the general information:
BB CA EV PW WA WB WR, and some national statistical yearbooks
particulars concerning population data:
Eritrea is a relative young state; it does not publish much statistical data yet

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Latest modification of this page on 2004-02-08 by Jan Lahmeyer
1999/2004 "populstat" site: Jan Lahmeyer