map of Chad; source: WR CHAD

general data of the country


 
General useful information
 
Note: some data are of constant value, while other are due to changes, fluctuations etc.
 
Nation and population
 
official name (short form): Tchad
country code ISO: TD [TCD] //; - FIPS: CD
location: Central North Africa
time zone: +1 UT
surface (land) area: 1259200 sq.km = 486177 sq.mi //; - area incl. inland waters: 1284000 sq.km = 495752 sq.mi
geographical position in extreme co-ordinates: North: 23° N / South: 8° N / East: 24° E / West: 14° E
borders (land): Libya, Sudan, Central African Republic, Cameroon, Nigeria, Niger
borders (coastline): none
climate: from n to s: from desert via semi-arid to tropical
Government
independent since: 1960-08-11
type of government: republic
capital: N'djamena
administrative division: préfecture (14) or recently département (28)
Population
population according to the latest census (1993): 6279,931
total population according to the estimate of midyear 2000: 8424,504 ; or: 7694,000 // ; 2001: 8135,000 ; 2002: 8341,000
population density: 6,3 per sq.km = 16,3 per sq.mi
population growth: 3,4% //; - doubling time: 27 years
birth rate: 43 - 48 per 1000
death rate: 15 - 18 per 1000
fertility rate: 6 children per female
maternal mortality: 860 per 100,000
infant mortality (in the first year of life): 117 - 200 per 1000
infant mortality (from 1st - 4th year of life): 119 - 131 per 1000
life expectancy: 47 - 51 years (male: 45-49; female: 50-53)
age breakdown: 0-14 years: 43% //; - 15-59 years: 52% //; - 60+ years: 6%
urbanisation: 22 - 33% //; - urbanisation growth: 6,5%
percentage of urban population in the greatest city: 39%
Ethnic composition, language, religion
ethnic groups: Sara 28%, Arab 12, Mayo-Kebbi 11, Kanem-Bornu 9, Ouaddaï 9, Hadjaraï 7, Tandjilé 6, Gorane 6
languages: French, Arabic; Sara, Sango, Baguirmi, Boulala, Tibbu-Gorane plus more than 100 other languages
religious affiliation: Sunnî Muslim 44-54%; Animist 7-38%; various Christian 17-35% [differences due to several sources used]
Health
daily food intake: 2171 calories per capita
population with access to safe water: 24% [FW 2000: 27%]
people per physician: 30000
people per hospital bed:
Education, literacy
school enrolment: primary education 6-11 years: 35% [FW 2001: 59%]
school enrolment: secondary education: 3%
school enrolment: tertiary education 20-24 years: < 1%
adult literacy: 14% (male: 23%; female: 5%) [source PG total: 30%; FW 2000 m: 53; f: 34 ; later total figure found: 48 - 54%]
 
Economy and infrastructure
 
Economy and trade
currency: CFA franc = 100 centimes
annual inflation rate: 7%
population below poverty line: 64%
Gross Domestic Product: USD 1200 per capita
GNI USD 200 - 210 per capita //; - [ppp: 870 - 1010]
GDP growth: -1%
income: USD 180 - 220 per capita
import: USD 243 per capita //; - export: USD 261 per capita
trade: USD 104 per capita //; - or 34% of GDP
trade partners: FR CM NG CF US PT DE
human development index: 0,359 //; - position of the country in the world no.: 155
female labour force: 45%
unemployment: %
tourism: 0,04 - 0,06 million
Economic activities in agriculture, fisheries, industry, mining, services, energy
land use: arable land: 3% //; - grass land: 36% //; - wooded area: 10% //; - arid land and desert: ca 40%
agriculture: labour force: 83% [FW 2001: 74%] //; - part of agriculture in GDP: 43% [FW 2002: 38%]
agricultural products: cotton, fish, sugar, millet, Arabic gum, sorghum, sugarcane, yams, cassava
livestock (million): asses: 0,36 / camels: 0,7 / cattle: 5,9 / goats: 5,2-5,5 / poultry: 4,9-5,0 / sheep: 2,4-2,6
fish catch: 84000 metric tonnes
industry: labour force: 58% //; - part of industry in GDP: 18% [FW 2002: 17%]
industrial products: cotton ginning, sugar refining, breweries, tobacco, textiles, meat packing, soap
mining products: salt, uranium, natron, oil, kaolin
CO2 emission per capita: 0,0
services: labour force: 12% //; - part of services in GDP: 39% [FW 2002: 45%]
energy use (kg per capita): 16
electricity use (per capita):
annual water use (per capita): 34
Traffic, communication
road network: 32700 - 33400 km //; - of which paved: 1% [450] //; - of which are motorways: 0 km
vehicles: 2 - 3 per 1000 // international license plate: TCH
railways: 0 km //; - railways passenger/km: -
navigable inland waterways: 2000 km
ownership telephone: 1 per 1000 // international dialling code: +235
ownership radio receivers: 206 - 240 per 1000
ownership tv-sets: 2- 8 per 1000
newspaper circulation: 0,4 per 1000
persons per post office: 200000
personal computers: 1 per 1000
 
Some physical landmarks
 
mountains: Emi Koussi 3415 m, Tarsu Musa 3376, Tarso Taro 3325, Pic Tousside 3265 (all in Tibesti)
lowest point: Lake Chad 240 m
lakes (natural): Lake Chad
lakes (artificial reservoirs): none?; or unknown
lakes (deepest): unknown
rivers: Chari, Logone
canals: unknown
waterfalls: unknown
caves: longest system: unknown / deepest:
islands: none
deserts: Sahara
other natural features:
 
Additional remarks, especially on the statistical information
 
other important features:
apart from physical landmarks most of the above figures are changeable, in most cases they date from the 1990's
 
primary sources used for the general information:
BB CA DK EV FW PW WA WB WR, and some - local national or international - statistical yearbooks
particulars concerning population data:
 

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Latest modification of this page on 2004-12-26 by Jan Lahmeyer
1999/2004 "Populstat" website: Jan Lahmeyer