map of the Central African Republic; source: WR CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC [République Centrafricaine]

general data of the country


 
General useful information
 
Note: some data are of constant value, while other are due to changes, fluctuations etc.
 
Nation and population
 
official name (short form): République Centrafricaine
country code ISO: CF [CAF] //; - FIPS: CT
location: Central Africa
time zone: +1 UT
surface (land) area: 622980 sq.km = 240533 sq.mi //; - area incl. inland waters: sq.km = sq.mi
geographical position in extreme co-ordinates: North: 11° N / South: 2° N / East: 27° E / West: 14° E
borders (land): Sudan, Congo Kinshasa, Congo Brazzaville, Cameroon, Chad
borders (coastline): none
climate: from humid tropical (s) to savanna and drier sahel (n)
Government
independent since: 1960-08-13
type of government: republic
capital: Bangui
administrative division: préfecture (16) + commune autonome (1)
Population
population according to the latest census (1988): 2463,616; or: 2688,426
total population according to the estimate of midyear 2000: 3512,751; or: 3717,000 // ; 2001: 3782,000; or: 3820,000
population density: 6 per sq.km = 15,5 per sq.mi
population growth: 2,4% //; - doubling time: 30 years
birth rate: 40 - 45 per 1000
death rate: 16 - 18 per 1000
fertility rate: 6 children per female
maternal mortality: 600 per 100,000
infant mortality (in the first year of life): 180 per 1000
infant mortality (from 1st - 4th year of life): 95 - 115 per 1000
life expectancy: 42 - 50 years (male: 42 - 48; female: 45 - 53) [different figures due to several sources used]
age breakdown: 0-14 years: 45% //; - 15-59 years: 49% //; - 60+ years: 6%
urbanisation: 39 - 47% //; - urbanisation growth: 5%
percentage of urban population in the greatest city: 36%
Ethnic composition, language, religion
ethnic groups: Banda 29%; (G)Baja 25%; Ngbandi 11%; Asande 10%; Sara 7%; Mbaka 4%; Mbum 4%, Yakoma
languages: French (official), Sang[h]o (national), Arabic, Hunsa, Swahili, Fulani, several Ubangi-languages
religious affiliation: Protestant 26%; indigenous beliefs 24%; Roman Catholic 17%; Sunnî Muslim 15%; other: 19%
Health
daily food intake: 2056 calories per capita
population with access to safe water: 19% [FW 2000: 70%]
people per physician: 25930
people per hospital bed:
Education, literacy
school enrolment: primary education 6-11 years: 59%
school enrolment: secondary education: 10%
school enrolment: tertiary education 20-24 years: 10%
adult literacy: 60% (male: 68%; female: 52%) [DK total: 48%; FW 2000 m: 60%; f: 35% ; PG total: 38%]
 
Economy and infrastructure
 
Economy and trade
currency: CFA franc = 100 centimes
annual inflation rate: 3 - 5%
population below poverty line: 67%
Gross Domestic Product: USD 1700 per capita
GNI USD 250 - 280 per capita //; - [ppp: 1160 - 1170]
GDP growth: -0,5%
income: USD 340 - 390 per capita
import: USD 266 per capita //; - export: USD 120 per capita
trade: USD 70 per capita //; - or 29% of GDP
trade partners: FR BE DE CH JP CM PT IT ES CM DE CD US
human development index: 0,372 //; - position of the country in the world no.: 154
female labour force: 47%
unemployment: 6%
tourism: 0,01 million
Economic activities in agriculture, fisheries, industry, mining, services, energy
land use: arable land: 3% //; - grass land: 5% //; - wooded area: 57% //; - arid land and desert: %
agriculture: labour force: 84% [PG 1996: 81%; FW 2001: 72%] //; - part of agriculture in GDP: 41% [FW 2002: 57%]
agricultural products: cotton, timber, coffee, corn, tobacco, yams
livestock (million): cattle: 2,9-3,2 / goats: 2,6-2,9 / pigs: 0,6 / poultry: 4,2-4,6 / sheep: 0,2
fish catch: 12860 - 15120 metric tonnes
industry: labour force: 3% //; - part of industry in GDP: 16% [FW 2002: 22%]
industrial products: of little importance, some textiles, breweries, sawmills
mining products: iron ore, diamonds, gold, uranium, copper, manganese
CO2 emission per capita: 0,1
services: labour force: 14% [PG: 16%] //; - part of services in GDP: 43% [FW 2002: 21%]
energy use (kg per capita): 29
electricity use (per capita):
annual water use (per capita): 26
Traffic, communication
road network: 24438 km //; - of which paved: 2% [429] //; - of which are motorways: 0 km [Trans-Africa highway]
vehicles: 1 - 15 per 1000 // international license plate: RCA
railways: 0 km //; - railways passenger/km: -
navigable inland waterways: 800 - 2600 km
ownership telephone: 2 - 3 per 1000 // international dialling code: +236
ownership radio receivers: 55 - 83 per 1000
ownership tv-sets: 5 - 6 per 1000
newspaper circulation: 1 per 1000
persons per post office: 104000
personal computers: 2 per 1000
 
Some physical landmarks
 
mountains: Mont Kayagangiri 1420 m
lowest point: in the Southern tip near Mongoumba where the Ubangi river leaves the country
lakes (natural): none
lakes (artificial reservoirs): none
lakes (deepest): unknown
rivers: Ubangi, Chinko, Kotto, Lobaye, Mambéré, Kadéï, Boumbé II, Pendé, Ouham, Bahr Aouk
canals: none
waterfalls: unknown
caves: longest system: unknown / deepest:
islands: none
deserts: none
other natural features:
 
Additional remarks, especially on the statistical information
 
other important features:
apart from physical landmarks most of the above figures are changeable, in most cases they date from the 1990's
 
primary sources used for the general information:
BB CA DK EV FW PW WA WB WR, and some - local national or international - statistical yearbooks
particulars concerning population data:
 

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Latest modification of this page on 2004-12-25 by Jan Lahmeyer
1999/2004 "Populstat" website: Jan Lahmeyer