map of Botswana; source WR BOTSWANA

general data of the country


 
General useful information
 
Note: some data are of constant value, while other are due to changes, fluctuations etc.
 
Nation and population
 
official name (short form): Botswana
country code ISO: BW [BWA] //; - FIPS: BC
location: Southern Africa
time zone: +2 UT
surface (land) area: 566730 sq.km = 218814 sq.mi //; - area incl. inland waters: 581730 sq.km = 224689 sq.mi
geographical position in extreme co-ordinates: North: 18° S / South: 27° S / East: 29° E / West: 20° E
borders (land): Zambia, Zimbabwe, South Africa, Namibia
borders (coastline): none
climate: arid subtropical
Government
independent since: 1966-09-30
type of government: republic
capital: Gaberone
administrative division: district (11)
Population
population according to the last two censuses (1991): 1326,796 //; - (2001): 1678,891 [1728,475]
total population according to the estimate of midyear 2000: 1576,470 //; or: ; 2001: 1602,000 //; or: 2002: 1712,000
population density: 3 per sq.km = 7,5 per sq.mi
population growth: 3,4% //; - doubling time: 23 years
birth rate: 44 per 1000 [PG: 33]
death rate: 10 per 1000 [PG: 18]
fertility rate: 5 children per female
maternal mortality: 250 per 100,000
infant mortality (in the first year of life): 110 per 1000
infant mortality (from 1st - 4th year of life): 66 - 80 per 1000
life expectancy: 61 years (male: 58; female: 64) [PG: 45 ; m: 44 / f: 46]
age breakdown: 0-14 years: 49% //; - 15-59 years: 46% //; - 60+ years: 5%
urbanisation: 28 - 50% //; - urbanisation growth: 7,5%
percentage of urban population in the greatest city: %
Ethnic composition, language, religion
ethnic groups: Tswana 76%; Shona 12%; San 3%; Khoi 2,5%; Ndebele, Kalanga, Basarwa, Kgalagadi
languages: English, seTswana, Shona, San, Khoikhoin
religious affiliation: traditional beliefs 55%; Anglican 28%; Protestant 13%; Roman Catholic 4%
Health
daily food intake: 2159 calories per capita
population with access to safe water: 70% [FW 2000: 95%]
people per physician: 51590
people per hospital bed:
Education, literacy
school enrolment: primary education 6-11 years: 90%
school enrolment: secondary education: 40%
school enrolment: tertiary education 20-24 years: 1%
adult literacy: 74% (male: 84%; female: 65%) [FW 2009: 78% (m 75; f 80)]
 
Economy and infrastructure
 
Economy and trade
currency: Pula (P) = 100 thebe
annual inflation rate: 8 - 10%
population below poverty line: 24%
Gross Domestic Product: USD 3800 per capita
GNI USD 3010 - 3300 per capita //; - [ppp: 7170-7740]
GDP growth: 2%
income: USD 2590 - 3020 per capita
import: USD1637 per capita //; - export: USD 1849 per capita
trade: USD 2500 per capita //; - or 93% of GDP
trade partners: EU (mainly GB) ZA ZW US
human development index: 0,577 //; - position of the country in the world no.: 114
female labour force: 46%
unemployment: 16 - 20% [DK: 40%]
tourism: 0,8 - 1 million
Economic activities in agriculture, fisheries, industry, mining, services, energy
land use: arable land: 2% //; - grass land: 58% //; - wooded area: 19% //; - arid land and desert: 15%
agriculture: labour force: 43% [FW 1997: 45%] //; - part of agriculture in GDP: 5% [FW 2002: 3%]
agricultural products: sorghum, maize, millet, vegetables, melons, fruits, roots, tubers, seed cotton, pulses, beans
livestock (million): asses&mules: 0,33 / cattle: 2,3 / goats: 1,7 - 2,2 / horses: 0,033 / pigs: 0,006 / poultry: 3,5 - 4 / sheep: 0,35
fish catch: 166 - 2000 metric tonnes
industry: labour force: 5% //; - part of industry in GDP: 54% [FW 2002: 48%]
industrial products: food processing, paper products, industrial chemicals
mining products: diamonds, nickel, copper, coal, cobalt, salt, silver, gold
CO2 emission per capita: 2,4
services: labour force: 52% //; - part of services in GDP: 41% [FW 2002: 50%]
energy use (kg per capita): 387
electricity use (per capita):
annual water use (per capita): 99
Traffic, communication
road network: 18482 km //; - of which paved: 25 - 55% [5620] //; - of which are motorways: 0 km
vehicles: 14 - 29 per 1000 // international license plate: RB
railways: 888 - 971 km //; - railways passenger/km: 86
navigable inland waterways: 0 km
ownership telephone: 41 - 85 per 1000 // international dialling code: +267
ownership radio receivers: 156 - 821 per 1000
ownership tv-sets: 24 per 1000
newspaper circulation: 29 per 1000
persons per post office: 7520
personal computers: 37 per 1000
 
Some physical landmarks
 
mountains: Tsodilo Hills 1375 m
lowest point: unknown
lakes (natural): Makgadikgadi
lakes (artificial reservoirs): unknown
lakes (deepest): unknown
rivers: Limpopo, Okavango, Boteti, Molopo, Linyanti, Okwa
canals: unknown
waterfalls: unknown
caves: longest system: unknown / deepest:
islands: none
deserts: Kalahari
other natural features:
 
Additional remarks, especially on the statistical information
 
other important features:
apart from physical landmarks most of the above figures are changeable, in most cases they date from the 1990's
 
primary sources used for the general information:
BB CA DK EV FW PW WA WB WR, and some - local national or international - statistical yearbooks
particulars concerning population data:
 

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Latest modification of this page on 2004-12-21 by Jan Lahmeyer
1999/2004 "Populstat" website: Jan Lahmeyer