map of Benin; source WR BENIN

general data of the country


 
General useful information
 
Note: some data are of constant value, while other are due to changes, fluctuations etc.
 
Nation and population
 
official name (short form): Benin
country code ISO: BJ [BEN] //; - FIPS: BN
location: Western Africa on the Gulf of Guinea
time zone: +1 UT
surface (land) area: 110620 sq.km = 42710 sq.mi //; - area incl. inland waters: 112622 sq.km = 43472 sq.mi
geographical position in extreme co-ordinates: North: 12° N / South: 7° N / East: 4° E / West: 1° E
borders (land): Togo, Burkina Faso, Niger, Nigeria
borders (coastline): the Bight of Benin in the Gulf of Guinea of the Atlantic Ocean
climate: tropical
Government
independent since: 1960-08-01 (1960-11-30)
type of government: republic
capital: Porto Novo
administrative division: département (6) ; région (12)
Population
population according to the latest census: (1992): 4855,349 // or: 4915,555
total population according to the estimate of midyear 2000: 6395,919 //; or: 6272,000; 2001: 6292,000 ; 2002: 6552,000
population density: 57 per sq.km = 147 per sq.mi
population growth: 3% //; - doubling time: 21 years
birth rate: 44 - 49 per 1000
death rate: 13 -18 per 1000
fertility rate: 6 children per female
maternal mortality: 1680 per 100,000
infant mortality (in the first year of life): 151 per 1000
infant mortality (from 1st - 4th year of life): 93 - 103 per 1000
life expectancy: 50 - 57 years (male: 49 - 56; female: 51 - 60)
age breakdown: 0-14 years: 47% //; - 15-59 years: 49% //; - 60+ years: 4%
urbanisation: 42% //; - urbanisation growth: 5%
percentage of urban population in the greatest city: 63%
Ethnic composition, language, religion
ethnic groups: Fon 39-66%; Bariba 8-10%; Yoruba 9-12%; Adja 11%; Houeda 9%; Fulbe 6%; Somba 5%
languages: French (official); Fon 47%; Yoruba, Mina, Bariba, Dendi, Hausa, Fulani, Adja, Aizo and ca 50 other tribal languages
religious affiliation: traditional 61%, Christian 23%, Islam (mainly Sunnî) 15%
Health
daily food intake: 2571 calories per capita
population with access to safe water: 50% [FW 2000: 50%]
people per physician: 11500 - 15000
people per hospital bed:
Education, literacy
school enrolment: primary education 6-11 years: 61%
school enrolment: secondary education: 11% [FW 2001: 20%]
school enrolment: tertiary education 20-24 years: 3%
adult literacy: 41% (male: 51%; female: 29%) [FW 2000: m: 52% ; f: 24%]
 
Economy and infrastructure
 
Economy and trade
currency: Franc CFA = 100 centimes
annual inflation rate: 8%
population below poverty line: 33-46%
Gross Domestic Product: USD 2320 per capita
GNI USD 370 - 380 per capita //; - [ppp: 980 - 1060]
GDP growth: 2%
income: USD 380 per capita
import: USD 408 per capita //; - export: USD 43 per capita
trade: USD 156 per capita //; - or 45% of GDP
trade partners: FR NL GB US ES DE CN BR LY ID TH IN
human development index: 0,42 //; - position of the country in the world no.: 147
female labour force: 48%
unemployment: 2%
tourism: 0,15 million
Economic activities in agriculture, fisheries, industry, mining, services, energy
land use: arable land: 17% //; - grass land: 4% //; - wooded area: 31% //; - arid land and desert: %
agriculture: labour force: 70% [FW 2001: 53%] //; - part of agriculture in GDP: 37%
agricultural products: cocos, corn, manioc, sorghum, cotton
livestock (million): asses: / camels: / cattle: 1,55 / goats: 1,27 / pigs: 0,5 / poultry: 10-27 / sheep: 0,6
fish catch: 32324 - 38542 metric tonnes
industry: labour force: 7% //; - part of industry in GDP: 14%
industrial products: cement & construction materials, textiles, food, beverages, petroleum
mining products: gold, marble, limestone, oil
CO2 emission per capita: 0,1
services: labour force: 23% //; - part of services in GDP: 49%
energy use (kg per capita): 323
electricity use (per capita): 53
annual water use (per capita): 26
Traffic, communication
road network: 6787 or 8460 km //; - of which paved: 31% //; - of which are motorways: 10 km
vehicles: 8 per 1000 // international license plate: DY
railways: 458 - 636 km //; - railways passenger/km: 107
navigable inland waterways: 0 km
ownership telephone: 5 - 9 per 1000 // international dialling code: +229
ownership radio receivers: 73 - 110 per 1000
ownership tv-sets: 4 - 11 per 1000
newspaper circulation: 2 per 1000
persons per post office: 34700
personal computers: 1,6 per 1000
 
Some physical landmarks
 
mountains: Atakora 641 m
lowest point: sea level
lakes (natural): L. Nokoué
lakes (artificial reservoirs): unknown
lakes (deepest): unknown
rivers: Ouémé
canals: unknown
waterfalls: unknown
caves: longest system: unknown / deepest:
islands: none
deserts: none
other natural features:
 
Additional remarks, especially on the statistical information
 
other important features:
apart from physical landmarks most of the above figures are changeable, in most cases they date from the 1990's
 
primary sources used for the general information:
BB CA DK EV FW PW WA WB WR, and some - local national or international - statistical yearbooks
particulars concerning population data:
 

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Latest modification of this page on 2004-12-21 by Jan Lahmeyer
1999/2004 "Populstat" website: Jan Lahmeyer