map of Vanuatu; source WR VANUATU

general data of the country


 
General useful information
 
Note: some data are of constant value, while other are due to changes, fluctuations etc.
 
Nation and population
official name (short form): Vanuatu
country code ISO: VU //; - FIPS: NH
location: Western Pacific Ocean
time zone: +11 UT [*= applying daylight saving time]
surface (land) area: 12190 sq.km = 4707 sq.mi //; - area incl. inland waters: sq.km = sq.mi
geographical position in extreme co-ordinates: North: 12° S / South: 21° S / East: 174° E / West: 157° E
borders (land): none
borders (coastline): Pacific Ocean
climate: tropical oceanic
Government
independent since: 1980-07-30
type of government: republic
capital: Port-Vila
administrative division: local government region (11); or: province (6)
Population
population according to the last two censuses (1989): 142,630 /-; (1999): 193,219
total population according to the estimate of midyear 2000: 189,618; or: 197,000 /-; 2001: 192,910; or: 202,000
population density: 15,5 per sq.km = 40 per sq.mi
population growth: 4% //; - doubling time: 26 years
birth rate: 25,4 - 33,5 per 1000
death rate: 6,6 - 8,4 per 1000
fertility rate: 4,5 children per female
maternal mortality: per 100,000
infant mortality (1-4 years): 41 per 1000
life expectancy: 61 - 67 years (male: 60 - 65; female: 62 - 69)
age breakdown: 0-14 years: 47% //; - 15-59 years: 53% //; - 60+ years: 5%
urbanisation: 21% //; - urbanisation growth: %
percentage of urban population in the greatest city: %
Ethnic composition, language, religion
ethnic groups: Ni-Vanuatu 97,9% (Melanesian); European 1,0%; other Pacific Islanders 0,4%; other 0,7%
languages: Bislama, English, French (all official); Pidgin
religious affiliation: Presbyterian 37%; Roman Catholic 15%; Anglican 15%; other Christian 10%; indigenous beliefs 8%
Health
daily food intake: 2737 calories per capita
population with access to safe water: 88%
people per physician: 14025
people per hospital bed:
Education, literacy
school enrolment: primary education 6-11 years: 85%
school enrolment: secondary education: 18%
school enrolment: tertiary education 20-24 years: 6%
adult literacy: 53% (male: 57%; female: 48%) [total figures according to source WA: 36%; CA: 64%]
 
Economy and infrastructure
 
Economy and trade
currency: vatu
annual inflation rate: 2%
population below poverty line: %
Gross Domestic Product: USD 1150 per capita
GNI USD 1150 per capita //; - [ppp: 2960]
GDP growth: -1%
income: USD 1120 per capita
import: USD 74 per capita //; - export: USD 18 per capita
trade: USD 644 per capita //; - or 45% of GDP
trade partners: AU NZ JP FJ NL BE FR
human development index: 0,633 //; - position of the country in the world no.: ca 110
female labour force: 46%
unemployment: %
tourism: 0,06 million
Economic activities in agriculture, fisheries, industry, mining, services, energy
land use: arable land: 12% //; - grass land: 2% //; - wooded area: 75% //; - arid land and desert: %
agriculture: labour force: 61% //; - part of agriculture in GDP: 34%
agricultural products: coconuts, roots & tubers, copra, bananas, vegetables, melons, cocoa beans, coffee
livestock (1000s): cattle: 151-152 / goats: 12 / horses: 4 / pigs: 60-62 / poultry: 320-340
fish catch: 2729 metric tonnes
industry: labour force: 1% //; - part of industry in GDP: 11%
industrial products: food, beverages, tobacco, wood products, fish freezing, meat canneries
mining products: small quantities of coral-reef limestone, crushed stone, sand & gravel
CO2 emission per capita: 0,3
services: labour force: 38% //; - part of services in GDP: 55%
energy use (kg per capita): 279
electricity use (per capita):
annual water use (per capita):
Traffic, communication
road network: 1180 km //; - of which paved: 24% //; - of which are motorways: 0 km
vehicles: 26 per 1000
railways: 0 km //; - railways passenger/km: -
navigable inland waterways: 0 km
ownership telephone: 28 - 250 per 1000
ownership radio receivers: 319 - 350 per 1000
ownership tv-sets: 12 - 14 per 1000
newspaper circulation: per 1000
persons per post office:
personal computers: per 1000
 
Some physical landmarks
 
mountains: (Esp.S.): Tabwémasana 1888 m, Pic Santo (Laïriri) 1704, Batnarouta 1593, Lolohoé 1547
lowest point: sea level
lakes (natural): Lac Manaro, Lac Siwi
lakes (artificial reservoirs): none, or unknown
lakes (deepest): unknown
rivers: Le Jourdain, Sarakana, Wamb; and many other small rivers to drain the mountain slopes
canals: none, or unknown
waterfalls: none, or unknown
caves: longest system: none, or unknown / deepest:
islands: archipelago of 82 islands of which only 12 are of significant size
deserts: none
other natural features:
 
Additional remarks, especially on the statistical information
 
other important features:
apart from physical landmarks most of the above figures are changeable, in most cases they date from the 1990's
 
primary sources used for the general information:
BB CA EV PW WA WB WR, and some national statistical yearbooks
particulars concerning population data:
 

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Latest modification of this page on 2004-03-14 by Jan Lahmeyer
1999/2004 "populstat" site: Jan Lahmeyer