map of Tonga; source WR TONGA

general data of the country


 
General useful information
 
Note: some data are of constant value, while other are due to changes, fluctuations etc.
 
Nation and population
official name (short form): Tonga
country code ISO: TO //; - FIPS: TN
location: South Pacific Ocean
time zone: +13 UT
surface (land) area: 750 sq.km = 289 sq.mi //; - area incl. inland waters: sq.km = sq.mi
geographical position in extreme co-ordinates: North: 15° S / South: 23° S / East: 171° W / West: 180° W
borders (land): none
borders (coastline): Pacific Ocean
climate: tropical oceanic
Government
independent since: 1820 ; 1970-06-04
type of government: constitutional monarchy
capital: Nuku'alofa
administrative division: 169 islands in 5 groups
Population
population according to the last two censuses: (1986): 94,649; (1996): 97,784
total population according to the estimate of midyear 2000: 100,000; or: 102,321 /-; 2001: 99,000; or: 104,227
population density: 133 per sq.km = 345 per sq.mi
population growth: 0,7% //; - doubling time: 32 years
birth rate: 24 - 29 per 1000
death rate: 4 - 6 per 1000
fertility rate: 3 children per female
maternal mortality: per 100,000
infant mortality (1-4 years): 23 per 1000
life expectancy: 69 years (male: 66; female: 71)
age breakdown: 0-14 years: 37% //; - 15-59 years: % //; - 60+ years: %
urbanisation: % //; - urbanisation growth: %
percentage of urban population in the greatest city: %
Ethnic composition, language, religion
ethnic groups: Tongan 95,5% (Polynesian); part Tongan 2,8%; other 1,7%
languages: Tongan, English (both official)
religious affiliation: Free Weslyan 43%; Roman Catholic 16%; Mormon 12%; Free Church of Tonga 11%
Health
daily food intake: calories per capita
population with access to safe water: 100%
people per physician: 320
people per hospital bed:
Education, literacy
school enrolment: primary education 6-11 years: 54%
school enrolment: secondary education: 23%
school enrolment: tertiary education 20-24 years: 6%
adult literacy: 93% (male: %; female: %)
 
Economy and infrastructure
 
Economy and trade
currency: Tongan pa'anga = 100 seniti
annual inflation rate: 2%
population below poverty line: %
Gross Domestic Product: USD 1500 per capita
GNI USD 1660 per capita //; - [ppp: ]
GDP growth: 2%
income: USD 1100 per capita
import: USD 69 per capita //; - export: USD 14 per capita
trade: USD 811 per capita //; - or 52% of GDP
trade partners: NZ AU JP US FJ
human development index: //; - position of the country in the world no.:
female labour force: 33%
unemployment: %
tourism: 0,035 million
Economic activities in agriculture, fisheries, industry, mining, services, energy
land use: arable land: 67% //; - grass land: 6% //; - wooded area: 11% //; - arid land and desert: %
agriculture: labour force: 45% //; - part of agriculture in GDP: 41%
agricultural products: coconuts, cassava, passion fruit, yams, taor, sweet potatoes, vegetables, copra, bananas, vanilla beans
livestock (1000s): cattle: 9 / goats: 14-16 / hogs: 81 / horses: 11 / pigs: 81 / poultry: 266
fish catch: metric tonnes
industry: labour force: 4% //; - part of industry in GDP: 19%
industrial products: food products, chemicals, textile, wood and timber
mining products: coral, sand
CO2 emission per capita: 1,2
services: labour force: 51% //; - part of services in GDP: 40%
energy use (kg per capita): 27
electricity use (per capita):
annual water use (per capita):
Traffic, communication
road network: 386, or 680 km //; - of which paved: 27, or 76% //; - of which are motorways: 0 km
vehicles: 19 or 75 per 1000
railways: 0 km //; - railways passenger/km: -
navigable inland waterways: 0 km
ownership telephone: 67 - 93 per 1000
ownership radio receivers: 400 - 619 per 1000
ownership tv-sets: 21 per 1000
newspaper circulation: 73 per 1000
persons per post office: 55600
personal computers: per 1000
 
Some physical landmarks
 
mountains: Kao 1014 m
lowest point: sea level
lakes (natural): some lagoons
lakes (artificial reservoirs): none, or unknown
lakes (deepest): unknown
rivers: some short ones to drain the mountain slopes
canals: none, or unknown
waterfalls: none, or unknown
caves: longest system: none, or unknown / deepest:
islands: see the separate file of the administrative division
deserts: none
other natural features:
 
Additional remarks, especially on the statistical information
 
other important features:
apart from physical landmarks most of the above figures are changeable, in most cases they date from the 1990's
 
primary sources used for the general information:
BB CA EV PW WA WB WR, and some national statistical yearbooks
particulars concerning population data:
the estimates for recent poulation figures always tend to be higher than the census results

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Latest modification of this page on 2004-03-10 by Jan Lahmeyer
1999/2004 "populstat" site: Jan Lahmeyer