map of Niue; source: WR NIUE

general data of the country

General useful information
Note: some data are of constant value, while other are due to changes, fluctuations etc.
Nation and population
official name (short form): Niue
country code ISO: NU //; - FIPS: NE
location: Western Pacific
time zone: -11 UT
surface (land) area: 258 = 100 sq.mi //; - area incl. inland waters: = sq.mi
geographical position in extreme co-ordinates: North/South: 19° S / East/West: 170° W
borders (land): none
borders (coastline): Pacific Ocean
climate: tropical oceanic
independent since: not yet
type of government: territory in free association with New Zealand
capital: Alofi
administrative division: unknown
population according to the latest census (1997): 2,088
total population according to the estimate of midyear 2000: 2,113 /-; 2001: 2,000
population density: 8 per = 21 per sq.mi
population growth: -?% [declining] //; - doubling time: not applicable, population is stable or declining
birth rate: 17 per 1000
death rate: 5 per 1000
fertility rate: children per female
maternal mortality: per 100,000
infant mortality (1-4 years): per 1000
life expectancy: 62,5 years (male: 60; female: 65)
age breakdown: 0-14 years: % //; - 15-59 years: % //; - 60+ years: %
urbanisation: 71% //; - urbanisation growth: %
percentage of urban population in the greatest city: %
Ethnic composition, language, religion
ethnic groups: Niueans, Tongans, Europeans (mainly New Zealanders), Samoans, Asians
languages: English, Niuean
religious affiliation: Congregational (Ekalesia Niue) 75%; Mormons 10%; Roman Catholic 5%
daily food intake: calories per capita
population with access to safe water: %
people per physician: 700
people per hospital bed:
Education, literacy
school enrolment: primary education 6-11 years: %
school enrolment: secondary education: %
school enrolment: tertiary education 20-24 years: %
adult literacy: % (male: %; female: %)
Economy and infrastructure
Economy and trade
currency: New Zealand dollar = 100 cents
annual inflation rate: %
population below poverty line: %
Gross Domestic Product: USD per capita
GNI USD per capita //; - [ppp: ]
GDP growth: %
income: USD per capita
import: USD per capita //; - export: USD per capita
trade: USD per capita //; - or % of GDP
trade partners: NZ AU
human development index: //; - position of the country in the world no.:
female labour force: %
unemployment: %
tourism: 0,002 million
Economic activities in agriculture, fisheries, industry, mining, services, energy
land use: arable land: % //; - grass land: % //; - wooded area: % //; - arid land and desert: %
agriculture: labour force: 6% //; - part of agriculture in GDP: %
agricultural products: tropical fruits, coconuts, copra, honey, limes and root crops (taros, yams)
livestock (1000s): asses: / cattle: / goats: / horses: / pigs: 2 / poultry: 10 / sheep:
fish catch: 120 metric tonnes
industry: labour force: 9% //; - part of industry in GDP: %
industrial products: timber
mining products: none
CO2 emission per capita:
services: labour force: 80% //; - part of services in GDP: %
energy use (kg per capita):
electricity use (per capita):
annual water use (per capita):
Traffic, communication
road network: ? km //; - of which paved: % //; - of which are motorways: km
vehicles: 330 per 1000
railways: 0 km //; - railways passenger/km: -
navigable inland waterways: 0 km
ownership telephone: 250 per 1000
ownership radio receivers: per 1000
ownership tv-sets: per 1000
newspaper circulation: per 1000
persons per post office:
personal computers: per 1000
Some physical landmarks
mountains: Liha Point 223 m
lowest point: sea level
lakes (natural): the inner lake of the coral island itself
lakes (artificial reservoirs): none
lakes (deepest): none
rivers: none
canals: none
waterfalls: none
caves: longest system: none / deepest:
islands: except for Niue there are two isolated reefs: Antiope and Beveridge
deserts: none
other natural features: Niue is the world largest coral island
Additional remarks, especially on the statistical information
other important features:
apart from physical landmarks most of the above figures are changeable, in most cases they date from the 1990's
the name Niue is derived from Niuean, meaning: "There are coconuts " (source GL) / former name: Savage Island
primary sources used for the general information:
BB CA EV PW WA WB WR, and some national statistical yearbooks / data are often combined with those of New Zealand
particulars concerning population data:
some 15,000 Niueans have emigrated to New Zealand

top    To the page containing the population growth statistics of the country

down    To the page containing urban historical population statistics

back    Back to the homepage of this website: POPULATION STATISTICS

back     Internet website:
Statistics New Zealand

Since this is a tiny country there are no data of an administrative division available.
Latest modification of this page on 2004-02-29 by Jan Lahmeyer
1999/2004 "populstat" site: Jan Lahmeyer