map of Spain; source WR SPAIN

[España] :
general data of the country


 
General useful information
 
Note: some data are of constant value, while other are due to changes, fluctuations etc.
 
Nation and population
official name (short form): España
country code ISO: ES //; - FIPS: SP
location: Southwest Europe
time zone: +1 UT* [*= applying daylight saving time]
surface (land) area: 505990 sq.km = 195364 sq.mi //; - area incl. inland waters: sq.km = sq.mi
geographical position in extreme co-ordinates: North: 43°47'38" N / South: 27°38'16" N / East: 4°19'46" E / West: 18°09'38" W
borders (land): France, Andorra, Portugal
borders (coastline): Atlantic Ocean, Mediterranean Sea
climate: in general Mediterranean, with variations depending on altitude; northwest maritime
Government
independent since: 1469 ; 1492 ; 1714
type of government: constitutional monarchy
capital: Madrid
administrative division: comunidad autónoma (17) + plaza de soberanía (2) ; also: provincia (50)
Population
population according to the last two censuses: (1991:) 38872,268; (2001:) 40847,271
total population according to the estimate of midyear 2000: 39996,671; or: 39465,000 /-; 2001: 40038,000; or: 41117,000
population density: 79 per sq.km = 205 per sq.mi
population growth: 0,3% //; - doubling time: not applicable, exceeds 100 years
birth rate: 9,3 per 1000
death rate: 8,6 - 9,1 per 1000
fertility rate: 1 child per female
maternal mortality: 11 per 100,000
infant mortality (1-4 years): 6 per 1000
life expectancy: 79 years (male: 75; female: 83)
age breakdown: 0-14 years: 20% //; - 15-59 years: 62% //; - 60+ years: 18%
urbanisation: 78% //; - urbanisation growth: 2%
percentage of urban population in the greatest city: 17%
Ethnic composition, language, religion
ethnic groups: Castilian Spanish 74,4%; Catalan 16,9%; Galician 6,4%; Basque 1,6%; other 0,7%
languages: Spanish, Catalan, Galician, Basque [Euskera]
religious affiliation: Roman Catholic 66,7%; Muslim 1,2%; Protestant 0,5%; other 3,3%; non-religious 28,3%
Health
daily food intake: 3348 calories per capita
population with access to safe water: %
people per physician: 229
people per hospital bed: 240
Education, literacy
school enrolment: primary education 6-11 years: 100%
school enrolment: secondary education: 100%
school enrolment: tertiary education 20-24 years: 32%
adult literacy: 85% (male: %; female: %) [later total figure found: 97%]
 
Economy and infrastructure
 
Economy and trade
currency: Euro = 100 cents (until 2002: Peseta = 100 céntimos)
annual inflation rate: 4%
population below poverty line: 11%
Gross Domestic Product: USD 15930 per capita
GNI USD 15080 per capita //; - [ppp: 19260]
GDP growth: 2%
income: USD 12460 per capita
import: USD 121255 per capita //; - export: USD 100956 per capita
trade: USD 3934 per capita //; - or 48% of GDP
trade partners: FR DE IT GB US
human development index: 0,908 //; - position of the country in the world no.: 21
female labour force: 37%
unemployment: 14%
tourism: 48 million
Economic activities in agriculture, fisheries, industry, mining, services, energy
land use: arable land: 41% //; - grass land: 20% //; - wooded area: 31% //; - arid land and desert: %
agriculture: labour force: 11% //; - part of agriculture in GDP: 6%
agricultural products: sugar beets, barley, potatoes, grapes, wheat, tomatoes, maize, oranges, onions, olives, citrus, vegetables
livestock (million): asses: 0,1 / cattle: 6,3 / goats: 2,6 / horses: 0,2 / mules: 0,1 / pigs: 21,5 / poultry: 129 / sheep: 24
fish catch: 1167242 - 1340000 metric tonnes
industry: labour force: 21% //; - part of industry in GDP: 39%
industrial products: machinery, transport equipments, food products, chemical products, paper, metals, textiles, shoes
mining products: coal, iron, oil, uranium, mercury, fluorspar, gypsum, zinc, lead, lignite, pyrites, gypsum
CO2 emission per capita: 6,3
services: labour force: 68% //; - part of services in GDP: 55%
energy use (kg per capita): 3005
electricity use (per capita): 4497
annual water use (per capita): 781
Traffic, communication
road network: 157642, or 343197 km //; - of which paved: 100, or 45% //; - of which are motorways: 8269 km
vehicles: 294 per 1000
railways: 12486, or: 15430 km //; - railways passenger/km: 15330
navigable inland waterways: 1045 km
ownership telephone: 385 - 418 per 1000
ownership radio receivers: 304 - 333 per 1000
ownership tv-sets: 412 - 500 per 1000
newspaper circulation: 104 per 1000
persons per post office: 8660
personal computers: 143 per 1000
 
Some physical landmarks
 
mountains: Teide 3718 m, Mulhacén 3478, Aneto 3404, Veleta 3392, Posets o Llardana 3375, La Alcazaba 3366, Monte Perdido 3355
lowest point: sea level
lakes (natural): none, unknown, possibly some small ones
lakes (artificial reservoirs): many
lakes (deepest): unknown
rivers: Tajo 1007 km, Ebro 910, Duero 895, Guadiana 818, Guadalquivir 657, Júcar 498, Guadaira 337, Segura 325, Miño 310
canals: none, or unknown
waterfalls: none, or unknown
caves: longest system: none, or unknown / deepest:
islands: Islas Baleares, Islas Canarias
deserts: none
other natural features:
 
Additional remarks, especially on the statistical information
 
other important features:
apart from physical landmarks most of the above figures are changeable, in most cases they date from the 1990's
 
primary sources used for the general information:
BB CA EV PW WA WB WR, and some national statistical yearbooks
particulars concerning population data:
 

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Latest modification of this page on 2004-05-27 by Jan Lahmeyer
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