map of San Marino; source WR SAN MARINO

general data of the country


 
General useful information
 
Note: some data are of constant value, while other are due to changes, fluctuations etc.
 
Nation and population
official name (short form): San Marino
country code ISO: SM //; - FIPS: SM
location: South Europe
time zone: +1 UT* [*= applying daylight saving time]
surface (land) area: 61,2 sq.km = 23.5 sq.mi //; - area incl. inland waters: sq.km = sq.mi
geographical position in extreme co-ordinates: North/South: 44° N / East/West: 12° E
borders (land): Italy
borders (coastline): none
climate: cool Mediterranean
Government
independent since: 301 ; 855 ; 1549
type of government: republic
capital: San Marino
administrative division: castello [castle, or: municipality] (9)
Population
population according to the latest census (1976): 19,149
total population according to the estimate of midyear 2000: 26,937 /-; 2001: 27,336
population density: 442 per sq.km = 1146 per sq.mi
population growth: 1% //; - doubling time: not apllicable, stable population
birth rate: 10 - 11 per 1000
death rate: 7 - 8 per 1000
fertility rate: 1,5 children per female
maternal mortality: per 100,000
infant mortality (1-4 years): 7 per 1000
life expectancy: 81 years (male: 78; female: 85)
age breakdown: 0-14 years: 15% //; - 15-59 years: 65% //; - 60+ years: 20%
urbanisation: 89% //; - urbanisation growth: %
percentage of urban population in the greatest city: 30%
Ethnic composition, language, religion
ethnic groups: San Marinese, Italian
languages: Italian
religious affiliation: Roman Catholic 89%; non religeous 3%; other 8%
Health
daily food intake: calories per capita
population with access to safe water: 100%
people per physician: 375
people per hospital bed:
Education, literacy
school enrolment: primary education 6-11 years: 100%
school enrolment: secondary education: %
school enrolment: tertiary education 20-24 years: %
adult literacy: 99% (male: %; female: %)
 
Economy and infrastructure
 
Economy and trade
currency: Euro = 100 cents (until 2002 Italian currency was in use)
annual inflation rate: 2%
population below poverty line: %
Gross Domestic Product: USD 8590 per capita
GNI USD 34330 per capita //; - [ppp: ]
GDP growth: %
income: USD 17000 per capita
import: USD per capita //; - export: USD per capita
trade: USD per capita //; - or % of GDP
trade partners: IT
human development index: //; - position of the country in the world no.:
female labour force: 40%
unemployment: 3%
tourism: 3,5 million
Economic activities in agriculture, fisheries, industry, mining, services, energy
land use: arable land: 74% //; - grass land: 22% //; - wooded area: 4% //; - arid land and desert: %
agriculture: labour force: 1% //; - part of agriculture in GDP: %
agricultural products: wheat, grapes, barley, maize
livestock (1000s): cattle: 1 / pigs: 0,7
fish catch: metric tonnes
industry: labour force: 42% //; - part of industry in GDP: %
industrial products: food products & beverages, housing & electrical energy, textiles, wine, ceramics, cement, tourism
mining products: none
CO2 emission per capita:
services: labour force: 56% //; - part of services in GDP: %
energy use (kg per capita):
electricity use (per capita):
annual water use (per capita):
Traffic, communication
road network: 237 km //; - of which paved: 100% //; - of which are motorways: km
vehicles: 752 per 1000
railways: 0 km (a former railway from S.M. to Rimini -IT- is being rebuilt) //; - railways passenger/km: -
navigable inland waterways: 0 km
ownership telephone: 680 - 692 per 1000
ownership radio receivers: 522 - 610 per 1000
ownership tv-sets: 326 - 360 per 1000
newspaper circulation: 82 per 1000
persons per post office: 2488
personal computers: per 1000
 
Some physical landmarks
 
mountains: Monte Titano 739 m
lowest point: 175 m the Northeast corner of the country
lakes (natural): none, or unknown
lakes (artificial reservoirs): none, or unknown
lakes (deepest): unknown
rivers: a few small rivers, the biggest one: Marano
canals: none, or unknown
waterfalls: none, or unknown
caves: longest system: none, or unknown / deepest:
islands: none
deserts: none
other natural features:
 
Additional remarks, especially on the statistical information
 
other important features:
apart from physical landmarks most of the above figures are changeable, in most cases they date from the 1990's
 
primary sources used for the general information:
BB CA EV PW WA WB WR, and some national statistical yearbooks
particulars concerning population data:
 

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Latest modification of this page on 2004-03-06 by Jan Lahmeyer
1999/2004 "populstat" site: Jan Lahmeyer