map of Moldova; source: WR MOLDOVA

general data of the country


 
General useful information
 
Note: some data are of constant value, while other are due to changes, fluctuations etc.
 
Nation and population
official name (short form): Moldova
country code ISO: MD //; - FIPS: MD
location: Eastern Europe
time zone: +2 UT* [*= applying daylight saving time]
surface (land) area: 33700 sq.km = 13000 sq.mi //; - area incl. inland waters: sq.km = sq.mi
geographical position in extreme co-ordinates: North: 48°28' N / South: 45°28' N / East: 30°06' E / West: 26°40' E
borders (land): Ukraine, Romania
borders (coastline): none
climate: moderate continental
Government
independent since: 1991-08-27
type of government: republic
capital: Chisinau
administrative division: rural district (40) + city (10)
Population
population according to the latest census (1989): 4337,592
total population according to the estimate of midyear 2000: 4275,000; or: 4430,654 / -; 2001: 4285,000
population density: 127 per sq.km = 328 per sq.mi
population growth: 0,2% //; - doubling time: not applicable, exceeds 100 years
birth rate: 13 - 14 per 1000
death rate: 12 - 13 per 1000
fertility rate: 2 children per female
maternal mortality: per 100,000
infant mortality (1-4 years): 23 per 1000
life expectancy: 65 years (male: 60; female: 69)
age breakdown: 0-14 years: 32% //; - 15-59 years: 55% //; - 60+ years: 13%
urbanisation: 47% //; - urbanisation growth: %
percentage of urban population in the greatest city: %
Ethnic composition, language, religion
ethnic groups: Moldavian 64%; Ukrainian 14%; Russian 13%; Gagauz 4%; Jewish 2%; Bulgarian 2%
languages: Moldavian 61% (official); Russian
religious affiliation: Eastern Orthodox 44%; Evangelical ?%; non religious 56%
Health
daily food intake: 2763 calories per capita
population with access to safe water: 56%
people per physician: 250
people per hospital bed:
Education, literacy
school enrolment: primary education 6-11 years: 75%
school enrolment: secondary education: 46%
school enrolment: tertiary education 20-24 years: 9%
adult literacy: 96% (male: %; female: %) [later total figure found: 99%]
 
Economy and infrastructure
 
Economy and trade
currency: Moldovan leu (plural: lei) = 100 bani
annual inflation rate: 120%
population below poverty line: 23%
Gross Domestic Product: USD 870 per capita
GNI USD 400 per capita //; - [ppp: 2230]
GDP growth: -10%
income: USD 2170 per capita
import: USD 841 per capita //; - export: USD 746 per capita
trade: USD per capita //; - or 97% of GDP
trade partners: RU UA RO
human development index: 0,699 //; - position of the country in the world no.: 98
female labour force: 49%
unemployment: 2%
tourism: 0,017 million
Economic activities in agriculture, fisheries, industry, mining, services, energy
land use: arable land: 65% //; - grass land: 13% //; - wooded area: 12,5% //; - arid land and desert: %
agriculture: labour force: 33% //; - part of agriculture in GDP: 40%
agricultural products: grain (mainly wheat), sugar beets, fruits (mainly grapes), vegetables, potatoes, wine
livestock (1000s): cattle: 416 / goats: 95 / pigs: 705 / poultry: 13500 / sheep: 974
fish catch: metric tonnes
industry: labour force: 22% //; - part of industry in GDP: 44%
industrial products: food processing, machinery, construction materials, clothing, textiles
mining products: lignite, phosphates, gypsum, oil and natural gas, limestone, clay, phosphorites
CO2 emission per capita: 2,2
services: labour force: 46% //; - part of services in GDP: 16%
energy use (kg per capita): 656
electricity use (per capita): 620
annual water use (per capita):
Traffic, communication
road network: 12259, or: 21100 km //; - of which paved: 87% //; - of which are motorways: 0 km
vehicles: 48 per 1000
railways: 1150, or 1328 km //; - railways passenger/km: 1019
navigable inland waterways: 424 km
ownership telephone: 131 per 1000
ownership radio receivers: 209 - 742 per 1000
ownership tv-sets: 30 - 300 per 1000
newspaper circulation: 24 per 1000
persons per post office: 3320
personal computers: 15 per 1000
 
Some physical landmarks
 
mountains: Monte Balânesti in the Kodry Range 429 m
lowest point: in the southern part of the country ca 30 m
lakes (natural): Beleu, Bîc, Dracele, Rotunda, Ro/,su, Fontan
lakes (artificial reservoirs): Dubusari Reservoir
lakes (deepest): unkown
rivers: [length in MD] Nistru (Dniester) 630 km, Prut 695, Botna 152, Raut 286, Bîc 155, Cogîlnic 125, Ialpug
canals: none, or unknown
waterfalls: none, or unknown
caves: longest system: none, or unknown / deepest:
islands: none
deserts: none
other natural features:
 
Additional remarks, especially on the statistical information
 
other important features:
apart from physical landmarks most of the above figures are changeable, in most cases they date from the 1990's
 
primary sources used for the general information:
BB CA EV PW WA WB WR, and some national statistical yearbooks
particulars concerning population data:
 

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Latest modification of this page on 2004-02-26 by Jan Lahmeyer
1999/2004 "populstat" site: Jan Lahmeyer