map of Macedonia; source: WR MACEDONIA

Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (FYROM) ;
[Makedonija] :
general data of the country


 
General useful information
 
Note: some data are of constant value, while other are due to changes, fluctuations etc.
 
Nation and population
official name (short form): Makedonija
country code ISO: MK //; - FIPS: MK
location: Southeast Europe
time zone: +1 UT* [*= applying daylight saving time]
surface (land) area: 25713 sq.km = 9928 sq.mi //; - area incl. inland waters: sq.km = sq.mi
geographical position in extreme co-ordinates: North: 42°22'21" N / South: 40°51'16" N / East: 41°42'33" E / West: 41°31'04" E
borders (land): Albania 191 km, Bulgaria 165, Greece 262, Serbia 232 / length in km: total 850 (mainland 786, fluvial 16, lake 48)
borders (coastline): no sea coast boundaries; the lakes of Ohrid & Prespa form boundaries
climate: continental with Mediterranean-mountainous influence
Government
independent since: 1991-09-17 (national day 09-08)
type of government: republic
capital: Skopje
administrative division: in this state there is apparently no higher level than municipality (30) yet
Population
population according to the latest census (1994): 1936,877 /- or: 1945,932
total population according to the estimate of midyear 2000: 2041,467; or: 2031,000 / -; 2001: 2038,000
population density: 79 per sq.km = 205 per sq.mi
population growth: 5% //; - doubling time: 75 years
birth rate: 14 - 17 per 1000
death rate: 7 - 8 per 1000
fertility rate: children per female
maternal mortality: . per 100,000
infant mortality (1-4 years): 13 - 23 per 1000
life expectancy: 70 - 74 years (male: 68 - 72; female: 72 - 76)
age breakdown: 0-14 years: 25% //; - 15-59 years: 62% //; - 60+ years: 13%
urbanisation: 62% //; - urbanisation growth: 1,5%
percentage of urban population in the greatest city: %
Ethnic composition, language, religion
ethnic groups: Macedonian 66,6%; Albanian 22,7%; Turkish 4%; Muslim 2,3%; Roma (Gypsy) 2,2%; Serb 2,1%
languages: Macedonian 70% (official); Albanian 21%, Turkish, Serbo-Croatian
religious affiliation: Eastern Orthodox 54%; Muslim 30%; Roman Catholic 13%; Jewish
Health
daily food intake: 2938 calories per capita
population with access to safe water: 99%
people per physician: 437
people per hospital bed:
Education, literacy
school enrolment: primary education 6-11 years: 73%
school enrolment: secondary education: 21%
school enrolment: tertiary education 20-24 years: 5%
adult literacy: 89 - 95% (male: %; female: %)
 
Economy and infrastructure
 
Economy and trade
currency: Denar = 100 deni
annual inflation rate: 79%
population below poverty line: %
Gross Domestic Product: USD 853 - 1290 per capita
GNI USD 1820 per capita //; - [ppp: 5020]
GDP growth: -1,5%
income: USD 3100 per capita
import: USD 1484 per capita //; - export: USD 1086 per capita
trade: USD 800 per capita //; - or 100% of GDP
trade partners: YU, GR, BG, TR
human development index: 0,766 //; - position of the country in the world no.: 60
female labour force: 41%
unemployment: 32%
tourism: 0,2 million
Economic activities in agriculture, fisheries, industry, mining, services, energy
land use: arable land: 16% //; - grass land: 26% //; - wooded area: 37% //; - arid land and desert: %
agriculture: labour force: 8% //; - part of agriculture in GDP: 13 - 17%
agricultural products: wheat, grapes, corn, potatoes, plums, rice, cotton, tobacco
livestock (1000s): cattle: 280-295 / horses: 60 / pigs: 192-200 / poultry: 3000-3361 / sheep: 1400-1814
fish catch: 135 metric tonnes
industry: labour force: 44% //; - part of industry in GDP: 32 - 60%
industrial products: cement, steel, cotton, leather, textiles
mining products: coal, copper, bauxite, iron, antimony, chromium, lead, zinc
CO2 emission per capita: 6,1
services: labour force: 48% //; - part of services in GDP: 23 - 55%
energy use (kg per capita): 3000
electricity use (per capita):
annual water use (per capita):
Traffic, communication
road network: 8532, or: 13900 km //; - of which paved: 64% //; - of which are motorways: 0 km
vehicles: 113 per 1000
railways: 699, 922, or: 1150 km //; - railways passenger/km: 65 (?)
navigable inland waterways: 0 km
ownership telephone: 179 - 234 per 1000
ownership radio receivers: 179 per 1000
ownership tv-sets: 179 - 250 per 1000
newspaper circulation: 21 per 1000
persons per post office:
personal computers: per 1000
 
Some physical landmarks
 
mountains: Golem Korab 2764 m, Titov Vrh 2748, Tur'cin 2702, Bristavec 2675, Rudoka 2629, Crni Breg 2610, Ezerska 'Cuka 2604, Pelister 2600
lowest point: Vardar River, near border with Greece: 50 m
lakes (natural): Ohridsko Ezero 349 sq.km, Prespa 274, Dojran 43, Tikves 14, Debar-Globo'cica 13, Mavrovo 12
lakes (artificial reservoirs): unknown
lakes (deepest): unknown
rivers: Vardar, P`cinja, Crni Drim, Strumica, Treska, Bregalnica, Crna Reka
canals: none
waterfalls: none, or unknown
caves: longest system: none, or unknown / deepest:
islands: none
deserts: none
other natural features:
 
Additional remarks, especially on the statistical information
 
other important features:
apart from physical landmarks most of the above figures are changeable, in most cases they date from the 1990's
some data are not recent, very reliable, nor available; due to the dissolution of Yugoslavia in 1991
primary sources used for the general information:
BB CA EV PW WA WB WR, and some national statistical yearbooks
particulars concerning population data:
 

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Latest modification of this page on 2004-02-23 by Jan Lahmeyer
1999/2004 "populstat" site: Jan Lahmeyer