map of Luxembourg; source: WR LUXEMBOURG

[Luxemburg ; Letzebuerg] :
general data of the country


 
General useful information
 
Note: some data are of constant value, while other are due to changes, fluctuations etc.
 
Nation and population
official name (short form): Lëtzebuerg ; Luxembourg ; Luxemburg
country code ISO: LU //; - FIPS: LU
location: Western Europe
time zone: +1 UT* [*= applying daylight saving time]
surface (land) area: 2586 sq.km = 999 sq.mi //; - area incl. inland waters: sq.km = sq.mi
geographical position in extreme co-ordinates: North: 50°10'58" N / South: 49°26'52" N / East: 06°31'53" E / West: 05°44'10" E
borders (land): Belgium 148 km, France 73, Germany 135 / in total 356 km
borders (coastline): none
climate: mild continental with some maritime influence
Government
independent since: 1867-05-10
type of government: grand duchy
capital: Luxembourg (Luxemburg)
administrative division: district (3) into canton (12)
Population
population according to the latest census (2001): 439,764
total population according to the estimate of midyear 2000: 437,389; or: 438,000
population density: 169 per sq.km = 439 per sq.mi
population growth: 0,7% //; - doubling time: not applicable, exceeds 100 years
birth rate: 12 per 1000
death rate: 9 - 11 per 1000
fertility rate: 2 children per female
maternal mortality: per 100,000
infant mortality (1-4 years): 9 per 1000
life expectancy: 77 years (male: 74; female: 81)
age breakdown: 0-14 years: 17% //; - 15-59 years: 64% //; - 60+ years: 19%
urbanisation: 91,5% //; - urbanisation growth: %
percentage of urban population in the greatest city: 50%
Ethnic composition, language, religion
ethnic groups: Luxembourger 62,7%; Portuguese 13,2%; Italian 4,6%; French 4,6%; Belgians 3,4%; German 2,4%; Dutch 0,9%
languages: Lëtzebuergisch (Luxembourgian), French, German, English
religious affiliation: Roman Catholic 95%; Protestant and Jewish 5%
Health
daily food intake: calories per capita
population with access to safe water: %
people per physician: 500
people per hospital bed:
Education, literacy
school enrolment: primary education 6-11 years: 100%
school enrolment: secondary education: %
school enrolment: tertiary education 20-24 years: %
adult literacy: 100% (male: %; female: %)
 
Economy and infrastructure
 
Economy and trade
currency: Euro = 100 cents (until 2002: Luxembourg franc = 100 centimes)
annual inflation rate: 2%
population below poverty line: 11%
Gross Domestic Product: USD 28730 per capita
GNI USD 42060 per capita //; - [ppp: 45470]
GDP growth: 4%
income: USD 31080 per capita
import: USD 9862 per capita //; - export: USD 7743 per capita
trade: USD 35000 per capita //; - or 96% of GDP
trade partners: DE BE FR NL
human development index: 0,924 //; - position of the country in the world no.: 12
female labour force: 37%
unemployment: 3%
tourism: 0,8 million
Economic activities in agriculture, fisheries, industry, mining, services, energy
land use: arable land: 22% //; - grass land: 27% //; - wooded area: 34% //; - arid land and desert: %
agriculture: labour force: 4% //; - part of agriculture in GDP: 3%
agricultural products: some dairy products of small importance, grains, potatoes, wine grapes
livestock (1000s): cattle: 205 / goats: 8 / horses: 3 / pigs: 80 / poultry: 72 / sheep: 8
fish catch: metric tonnes
industry: labour force: 19% //; - part of industry in GDP: 41%
industrial products: steel, chemicals, food processing, tires, engineering, metal products
mining products: iron ore
CO2 emission per capita: 18,0
services: labour force: 77% //; - part of services in GDP: 56%
energy use (kg per capita): 8083
electricity use (per capita): 12755
annual water use (per capita): 159
Traffic, communication
road network: 5179 km //; - of which paved: 99% //; - of which are motorways: 115 km
vehicles: 479 per 1000
railways: 275 km //; - railways passenger/km: 284
navigable inland waterways: 37 km
ownership telephone: 550 - 724 per 1000
ownership radio receivers: 586 - 683 per 1000
ownership tv-sets: 391 - 916 per 1000
newspaper circulation: 384 per 1000
persons per post office: 3860
personal computers: 453 per 1000
 
Some physical landmarks
 
mountains: Wilwerdange, Kneiff 560 m; Buurplaatz 559, Napoléonsgaard 548, Schwaarzen Hiwel 544
lowest point: 130 m: at the merger of Moselle and Sûre near Wasserbillig in the commune of Mertert
lakes (natural): none, or unknown
lakes (artificial reservoirs): Lac de la Haute-Sûre (380 ha), Vianden
lakes (deepest): unknown
rivers: (with length in LU in km): Moselle 37, Our 51, Sûre 160, Alzette 60, Clerf (Woltz) 45
canals: none, or unknown
waterfalls: none, or unknown
caves: longest system: none, or unknown / deepest:
islands: none
deserts: none
other natural features:
 
Additional remarks, especially on the statistical information
 
other important features:
apart from physical landmarks most of the above figures are changeable, in most cases they date from the 1990's
 
primary sources used for the general information:
BB CA EV PW WA WB WR, and some national statistical yearbooks
particulars concerning population data:
 

top    To the page containing the population growth statistics of the country

next    To the page containing the historical population growth statistics of the provinces

down    To the page containing urban historical population statistics

back    Back to the homepage of this website: POPULATION STATISTICS


back     Internet website:
Service Central de la Statistique


Latest modification of this page on 2004-02-22 by Jan Lahmeyer
1999/2004 "populstat" site: Jan Lahmeyer