map of Latvia; source: WR LATVIA [Latvija]

general data of the country


 
General useful information
 
Note: some data are of constant value, while other are due to changes, fluctuations etc.
 
Nation and population
official name (short form): Latvija
country code ISO: LV //; - FIPS: LG
location: East Europe
time zone: +2 UT
surface (land) area: 64598 sq.km = 24938 sq.mi //; - area incl. inland waters: sq.km = sq.mi
geographical position in extreme co-ordinates: North: 58°05' N / South: 55°40' N / East: 28°14' E / West: 20°58' E
borders (land): Estonia 343 km, Russian Federation 282, Belarus 167, Lithuania 576 // total lenght of land boundaries: 1368 km
borders (coastline): Baltic Sea // lenght of sea boundaries: 494 km // extension in km: from n-s: 210 / from e-w: 450
climate: cool maritime
Government
independent from 1918-1940 and since 1990-05-04 or: 1991-08-21
type of government: republic
capital: Riga
administrative division: rajon (25) and pilseta (7)
Population
population according to the latest census (2000): 2375,339
total population according to the estimate of midyear 2000: 2,404,926; or 2372,000 / - ; 2001: 2359,000 / -; 2002: 2345,800
population density: 36 per sq.km = 94 per sq.mi
population growth: -1,3% //; - doubling time: not appicable, declining population
birth rate: 8 - 14 per 1000
death rate: 12 -15 per 1000
fertility rate: 2 children per female
maternal mortality: per 100,000
infant mortality (1-4 years): 11 per 1000
life expectancy: 70 years (male: 63; female: 75)
age breakdown: 0-14 years: 22% //; - 15-59 years: 60% //; - 60+ years: 18%
urbanisation: 69% //; - urbanisation growth: %
percentage of urban population in the greatest city: 45%
Ethnic composition, language, religion
ethnic groups: Latvian 58%; Russian 30%; Belorussian 4%; Ukrainian 3%; Polish 2,5%; Lithuanian 1,4%; Jews 0,4%
languages: Lettish (official); Lithuanian, Russian
religious affiliation: Evangelical Lutheran 15%; Roman Catholic 15%; Russian Orthodox 8%; non religious 63%
Health
daily food intake: 2609 calories per capita
population with access to safe water: %
people per physician: 200
people per hospital bed:
Education, literacy
school enrolment: primary education 6-11 years: 99%
school enrolment: secondary education: 46%
school enrolment: tertiary education 20-24 years: 13%
adult literacy: 99,5% (male: 99,8%; female: 99,2%)
 
Economy and infrastructure
 
Economy and trade
currency: lats [plural: lati] = 100 santimi
annual inflation rate: 58%
population below poverty line: %
Gross Domestic Product: USD 2290 per capita
GNI USD 2430 per capita //; - [ppp: ]
GDP growth: -3,7%
income: USD 3410 per capita
import: USD 1818 per capita //; - export: USD 1304 per capita
trade: USD 3400 per capita //; - or 71% of GDP
trade partners: RU LT BY UA
human development index: 0,791 //; - position of the country in the world no.: 50
female labour force: 51%
unemployment: 8%
tourism: 0,5 million
Economic activities in agriculture, fisheries, industry, mining, services, energy
land use: arable land: 29% //; - grass land: 1% //; - wooded area: 8% //; - arid land and desert: %
agriculture: labour force: 14% //; - part of agriculture in GDP: 8%
agricultural products: potatoes, barley, sugar beets, vegetables, cereals
livestock (1000s): cattle: 378 / goats: 8 / horses: 19 / pigs: 404 / poultry: 2800-4000 / sheep: 27
fish catch: 106027 - 125389 metric tonnes
industry: labour force: 27% //; - part of industry in GDP: 21%
industrial products: cement, steel, textiles, machinery, vehicles, railway cars
mining products: peat, gypsum, amber, dolomite, gravel, limestone
CO2 emission per capita: 3,2
services: labour force: 58% //; - part of services in GDP: 71%
energy use (kg per capita): 1586
electricity use (per capita): 1851
annual water use (per capita): 262
Traffic, communication
road network: 59178, or 64693 km //; - of which paved: 18% //; - of which are motorways: 0 km
vehicles: 101 per 1000
railways: 2413 km //; - railways passenger/km: 1182
navigable inland waterways: 106, or 300 km
ownership telephone: 280 - 300 per 1000
ownership radio receivers: 547 - 711 per 1000
ownership tv-sets: 452 - 493 per 1000
newspaper circulation: 228 per 1000
persons per post office: 2470
personal computers: 140 per 1000
 
Some physical landmarks
 
mountains: Gaizina Kalns 311,7 m; Sirdskalns 296,8; L. Liepukalns 289,3; Abrienas kalns 287,3; Dzerkalu kalns 286,3
lowest point: sea level
lakes (natural): Luban(a)s 81 sq.km, Razna 58, Engure 41, Burtnieku 40, Usmas 37, Liepajas 37, Babites 26, Rusons 24
lakes (artificial reservoirs): none
lakes (deepest): unknown
rivers: Daugava (Dvina) 352 km in LV, Gauja 452, Ogre 188, Venta 178, Iecava 136, Pededze 131, Abava 129, Dubna 120 >
canals: unknown // some more rivers: Memele 116, Lielupe 119, M. Jugla 119, Rezekne 116
waterfalls: none, or unknown
caves: longest system: none, or unknown / deepest:
islands: none
deserts: none
other natural features:
 
Additional remarks, especially on the statistical information
 
other important features:
apart from physical landmarks most of the above figures are changeable, in most cases they date from the 1990's
 
primary sources used for the general information:
BB CA EV PW WA WB WR, and some national statistical yearbooks
particulars concerning population data:
 

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Latest modification of this page on 2004-02-21 by Jan Lahmeyer
1999/2004 "populstat" site: Jan Lahmeyer