map of Italy; source: WR ITALY

[Italia] :
general data of the country


 
General useful information
 
Note: some data are of constant value, while other are due to changes, fluctuations etc.
 
Nation and population
official name (short form): Italia
country code ISO: IT //; - FIPS: IT
location: Southern Europe
time zone: +1 UT* [*= applying daylight saving time]
surface (land) area: 301277 sq.km = 116324 sq.mi //; - area incl. inland waters: sq.km = sq.mi
geographical position in extreme co-ordinates: North: 47°06' N / South: 35°30' N / East: 06°04' E / West: 05°50' E
borders (land): France, Switzerland, Austria, Slovenia
borders (coastline): Mediterranean Sea // length of coastline: 7375 km
climate: Mediterranean; in the Northern mountainous areas: alpine
Government
independent since: 1861-03-17 ; 1871
type of government: republic
capital: Roma (Rome)
administrative division: regione (20) into province (103)
Population
population according to the latest census (2001): 56305,568 [provisional results]
total population according to the estimate of midyear 2000: 57634,327; or: 57690,000
population density: 189 per sq.km = 490 per sq.mi
population growth: 0,2% //; - doubling time: not applicable, exceeds 100 years
birth rate: 9 - 11 per 1000
death rate: 10 - 11 per 1000
fertility rate: 1 child per female
maternal mortality: 10 per 100,000
infant mortality (1-4 years): 10 per 1000
life expectancy: 79 years (male: 76; female: 82)
age breakdown: 0-14 years: 17% //; - 15-59 years: 63% //; - 60+ years: 20%
urbanisation: 67% //; - urbanisation growth: 1%
percentage of urban population in the greatest city: 17%
Ethnic composition, language, religion
ethnic groups: Italian 94%; German, French, Greek, Albanian, Slovene, Ladino
languages: Italian (official) 94%; Sardinian, Ladino, Friaul, German, French, Slovene
religious affiliation: Roman Catholic slightly more than 83%; other ca. 15%
Health
daily food intake: 3608 calories per capita
population with access to safe water: 99%
people per physician: 140
people per hospital bed: 178
Education, literacy
school enrolment: primary education 6-11 years: 96%
school enrolment: secondary education: 78%
school enrolment: tertiary education 20-24 years: 29%
adult literacy: 98,5% (male: %; female: %)
 
Economy and infrastructure
 
Economy and trade
currency: Euro = 100 cent (until 2002: Lira = 100 centesimi)
annual inflation rate: 4%
population below poverty line: 12%
Gross Domestic Product: USD 19020 per capita
GNI USD 20160 per capita //; - [ppp: 23470]
GDP growth: 1,4%
income: USD 18580 per capita
import: USD 206966 per capita //; - export: USD 250830 per capita
trade: USD 6200 per capita //; - or 44% of GDP
trade partners: DE FR US GB NL
human development index: 0,909 //; - position of the country in the world no.: 20
female labour force: 39%
unemployment: 10%
tourism: 41 million
Economic activities in agriculture, fisheries, industry, mining, services, energy
land use: arable land: 41% //; - grass land: 16% //; - wooded area: 23% //; - arid land and desert: %
agriculture: labour force: 9% //; - part of agriculture in GDP: 3%
agricultural products: wheat, barley, vegetables, grapes, fruit, olives, fish
livestock (million): cattle: 7,4 / goats: 1,3 / horses: 0,3 / pigs: 8,4 / poultry: 138 / sheep: 11
fish catch: 562196 metric tonnes
industry: labour force: 20% //; - part of industry in GDP: 33%
industrial products: iron & steel, chemicals, food processing, oil refining, vehicles, textiles, wine, machinery, shoes, clothing
mining products: natural oil & gas, iron ore, mercury, zinc, lignite, sulphur, marble, potash
CO2 emission per capita: 7,2
services: labour force: 71% //; - part of services in GDP: 64%
energy use (kg per capita): 2932
electricity use (per capita): 4535
annual water use (per capita): 986
Traffic, communication
road network: 302403, or 441800 km //; - of which paved: 100% //; - of which are motorways: 6478 km
vehicles: 438 per 1000
railways: 16092, or: 19566 km //; - railways passenger/km: 49700
navigable inland waterways: 2400 km
ownership telephone: 433 per 1000
ownership radio receivers: 801 - 874 per 1000
ownership tv-sets: 278 - 483 per 1000
newspaper circulation: 105 per 1000
persons per post office: 4050
personal computers: 180 per 1000
 
Some physical landmarks
 
mountains: Monte Bianco (Mont Blanc) 4807 m, Monte Rosa 4634, Cervino 4478, Gran Paradiso 4061, Pizzo Bernina 4050
lowest point: sea level
lakes (natural): Lago di Garda, L. Maggiore, L. di Como, L. Trasimeno, L. Bolsena, L. d'Iseo, L. Varano
lakes (artificial reservoirs): some small ones
lakes (deepest): unknown
rivers: Po, Àdige, Tévere, Adda, Oglio, Tánaro, Ticino, Arno, Piave, Reno
canals: none, or unknown
waterfalls: Frua 143 m
caves: longest system: unknown / deepest:
islands: Sicilia, Sardegna, Elba, Sant'Antioco, Pantellaria
deserts: none
other natural features: vulcano: Etna 3323 m, Vesuvio 1281, Stromboli 924
 
Additional remarks, especially on the statistical information
 
other important features:
apart from physical landmarks most of the above figures are changeable, in most cases they date from the 1990's
 
primary sources used for the general information:
BB CA EV PW WA WB WR, and some national statistical yearbooks
particulars concerning population data:
 

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Latest modification of this page on 2004-02-19 by Jan Lahmeyer
1999/2004 "populstat" site: Jan Lahmeyer