map of Georgia; source: WR GEORGIA

[Sak'art'velo] :
general data of the country


 
General useful information
 
Note: some data are of constant value, while other are due to changes, fluctuations etc.
 
Nation and population
official name (short form): Sak'art'velo
country code ISO: GE //; - FIPS: GG
location: Southeast Europe / Southwest Asia
time zone: +2 UT* [*= applying daylight saving time]
surface (land) area: 69493 = 26831 sq.mi //; - area incl. inland waters: sq.km = sq.mi
geographical position in extreme co-ordinates: North: 44° N / South: 41° N / East: 47° E / West: 40° E
borders (land): Russian Federation 723, Azerbaijan 322, Armenia 164, Turkey 252 (in total 1461 km)
borders (coastline): Black Sea 310 km
climate: ontinental inland, subtropical in the coastal region
Government
independent since: 1991-04-09
type of government: republic
capital: Tbilisi
administrative division: region (10) + autonomous republic (2) + urban region (1)
Population
population according to the latest census (1989): 5443,359
total population according to the estimate of midyear 2000: 5019,538; or: 5024,000 // - ; 2001: 4918,000
population density: 72 per sq.km = 186 per sq.mi
population growth: 0% to -0,9% //; - doubling time: not appicable, stable or deminishing population
birth rate: 11 - 16 per 1000
death rate: 9 - 15 per 1000
fertility rate: 1,4 children per female
maternal mortality: per 100,000
infant mortality (1-4 years): 15 -18 per 1000
life expectancy: 65 - 73 years (male: 61 - 69; female: 68 - 77) [differences depend on source]
age breakdown: 0-14 years: 24% [another source states: 18,6%] //; - 15-59 years: 60% //; - 60+ years: 16%
urbanisation: 60% //; - urbanisation growth: %
percentage of urban population in the greatest city: %
Ethnic composition, language, religion
ethnic groups: Georgian 70%; Armenian 8%; Russian 6%; Azerbaijani 6%; Ossetian 3%; Greek 2%; Abkhazi 2%
languages: Georgian 69%; Armenian 9%; Russian 7%; Azerbaijani 5%; Ossetian 5%; Greek 2%; Abkhazian
religious affiliation: Georgian Orthodox 65%; Muslim 11%; Russian Orthodox 10%; Armenian Apostolic 8%
Health
daily food intake: calories per capita
population with access to safe water: 76%
people per physician: 182
people per hospital bed:
Education, literacy
school enrolment: primary education 6-11 years: 98%
school enrolment: secondary education: 57% (another source states 73%)
school enrolment: tertiary education 20-24 years: 15%
adult literacy: 99% (male: 99,5%; female: 98,5%)
 
Economy and infrastructure
 
Economy and trade
currency: Iari = 100 tetri
annual inflation rate: 388% (a later official figures gives 5%)
population below poverty line: 11% (other calculations gives: 50 - 70%)
Gross Domestic Product: USD 440 per capita
GNI USD 630 (another source states: 647) per capita //; - [ppp: 2680]
GDP growth: -12%
income: USD 1640 per capita (another source states: 650)
import: USD 379 per capita //; - export: USD 154 per capita [another source gives 750 and 515]
trade: USD 300 per capita //; - or 35% of GDP
trade partners: mainly CIS-countries, and TR IT GR NL ES
human development index: 0,742 //; - position of the country in the world no.: 76
female labour force: 47%
unemployment: 11% (estimate in source WB: 25%)
tourism: 0,4 million
Economic activities in agriculture, fisheries, industry, mining, services, energy
land use: arable land: 16 [or: 11]% //; - grass land: 30% //; - wooded area: 33 [or: 44]% //; - arid land and desert: %
agriculture: labour force: 26% //; - part of agriculture in GDP: 28% (another source states: 20%)
agricultural products: citrus fruits, wine, tea, tobacco, wheat, barley, vegetables, timber, potatoes, grapes
livestock (1000s): cattle: 1122 / goats: 73 / pigs: 411 / poultry: 8873 / sheep: 553
fish catch: 1500 metric tonnes
industry: labour force: 36% //; - part of industry in GDP: 54% (another source states: 25%)
industrial products: food processing, steel, machinery, trucks, textiles
mining products: manganese, coal, oil, natural gas, zinc, cobalt, vanadium, iron, copper
CO2 emission per capita: 1,0
services: labour force: 36% //; - part of services in GDP: 18% (another source states: 55%)
energy use (kg per capita): 512
electricity use (per capita): 1312
annual water use (per capita): 741
Traffic, communication
road network: 35100 km //; - of which paved: 94% //; - of which are motorways: 0 km
vehicles: 78 per 1000
railways: 1583 - 1612 km //; - railways passenger/km: 1274
navigable inland waterways: 0 km
ownership telephone: 103 - 123 per 1000 (mobile phones included: 212,5)
ownership radio receivers: 555 per 1000
ownership tv-sets: 220 - 473 per 1000
newspaper circulation: per 1000
persons per post office:
personal computers: 0,2 per 1000
 
Some physical landmarks
 
mountains: Shkara 5201 m, Jangi-Tau 5068, Mkinvartsveri 5047, Pushkin Peak (Kazbek) 5033, >>
lowest point: sea level // >>some more mountains: Shota Rustaveli 4960, Ushba 4695, Karisimbi 4507, Tebulos 4493
lakes (natural): Pravani 37,5 sq.km
lakes (artificial reservoirs): Kartsakhi 26,3 sq.km
lakes (deepest): unknown
rivers: Alazani 390 km; Mtkvari (Kura) 351, Rioni 333, Inguri 206, Khrami 187, Tskhenistskali 184, Jiori 183, Kvirila 152
canals: unknown
waterfalls: unknown
caves: longest system: unknown / deepest:
islands: none
deserts: none
other natural features:
 
Additional remarks, especially on the statistical information
 
other important features:
apart from physical landmarks most of the above figures are changeable, in most cases they date from the 1990's
by decree the time zone has been changed in June 2004 from +3 to +2 UT
primary sources used for the general information:
BB CA EV PW WA WB WR, and some national statistical yearbooks
particulars concerning population data:
 

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Latest modification of this page on 2004-06-28 by Jan Lahmeyer
1999/2004 "populstat" site: Jan Lahmeyer