map of Bulgaria; source WR BULGARIA [Bālgarija]

general data of the country


 
General useful information
 
Note: some data are of constant value, while other are due to changes, fluctuations etc.
 
Nation and population
 
official name (short form): Bâlgarija
country code ISO: BG [BGR] //; - FIPS: BU
location: Southeast Europe
time zone: +2 UT* [*= applying daylight saving time]
surface (land) area: 110994 sq.km = 42,822 sq.mi //; - area incl. inland waters: sq.km = sq.mi
geographical position in extreme co-ordinates: North: 44°13' N / South: 41°14' N / East: 28°37' E / West: 22°22' E
borders (land): Romania, Serbia (Fed. Yugoslavia), Macedonia (FYROM), Greece, Turkey
borders (coastline): Black Sea
climate: continental
Government
independent since: 1877; 1908-05-10
type of government: republic
capital: Sofija
administrative division: region (8 - 10)
Population
population according to the last two censuses (1992): 8487,317 //; - (2001): 7973,671
total population according to the estimate of midyear 2000: 7796,694 //; or: ; 2001: //; or: 2002: 7965,000
population density: 72 per sq.km = 187 per sq.mi
population growth: -0,5% //; - doubling time: not applicable, deminishing population
birth rate: 8 - 10,5 per 1000
death rate: 12,7 - 14,5 per 1000
fertility rate: 2 children per female
maternal mortality: 14 - 16 per 100,000
infant mortality (in the first year of life): 16 per 1000
infant mortality (from 1st - 4th year of life): 14 per 1000
life expectancy: 72 years (male: 68; female: 75)
age breakdown: 0-14 years: 20% //; - 15-59 years: 61% //; - 60+ years: 19%
urbanisation: 70% //; - urbanisation growth: 2,6%
percentage of urban population in the greatest city: 20%
Ethnic composition, language, religion
ethnic groups: Bulgarians 86%; Turks 9% [however, this % should be less]; Roma 3,7% ; Macedonian 1,2%; Armenian, Romanian, Greek
languages: Bulgarian, Turkish, Macedonian, Romany, Armenian, Russian
religious affiliation: Eastern-Orthodox 87%; Sunnî Muslim 8%; Protestant 1%; Roman Catholic 1%
Health
daily food intake: 2740 calories per capita
population with access to safe water: 100%
people per physician: 285 - 291
people per hospital bed: 97
Education, literacy
school enrolment: primary education 6-11 years: 92 - 97%
school enrolment: secondary education: 71 - 75%
school enrolment: tertiary education 20-24 years: 26 - 30%
adult literacy: 99% (male: 99%; female: 98%)
 
Economy and infrastructure
 
Economy and trade
currency: [Nova] Lev (Lw) (plural: leva) = 100 stotinki
annual inflation rate: 93 - 103%
population below poverty line: 5%
Gross Domestic Product: USD 21000 per capita
GNI USD 1520 - 1770 per capita //; - [ppp: 5560 - 7030]
GDP growth: -2%
income: USD 1330 - 2210 per capita
import: USD 5125 per capita //; - export: USD 5184 per capita
trade: USD 2000 per capita //; - or 93% of GDP
trade partners: CIS CS DE PL RO IT GR TR FR
human development index: 0,772 //; - position of the country in the world no.: 57
female labour force: 48%
unemployment: 14 - 18%
tourism: 2,8 million
Economic activities in agriculture, fisheries, industry, mining, services, energy
land use: arable land: 38% //; - grass land: 18% //; - wooded area: 35% //; - arid land and desert: %
agriculture: labour force: 13,2% [FW 2001: 26%] //; - part of agriculture in GDP: 12,5%
agricultural products: tobacco, grain, fruit, wine, oilseed, vegetables
livestock (million): asses: 0,2 / beehives: 0,3 / cattle: 0,7 / goats: 1 / pigs: 1 - 1,5 / poultry: 15 - 18 / sheep: 2,6
fish catch: 10556 - 10652 metric tonnes
industry: labour force: 39% [FW 2001: 28%] //; - part of industry in GDP: 59% [FW 2002: 28%]
industrial products: machinery, food products, wine, tobacco, chemicals, metals, textiles
mining products: bauxite, coal, natural gas and oil, lignite, copper, zinc, lead, iron ore, manganese
CO2 emission per capita: 5,7
services: labour force: 46% [FW 2001: 46%] //; - part of services in GDP: 24% [FW 2002: 59%]
energy use (kg per capita): 2218
electricity use (per capita): 2899
annual water use (per capita): 1544
Traffic, communication
road network: 37320 km //; - of which paved: 94% [33786] //; - of which are motorways: 324 km
vehicles: 161 - 234 per 1000 // international license plate: BG
railways: 4299 - 4320 [or: 6507] km //; - railways passenger/km: 5065
navigable inland waterways: 470 km
ownership telephone: 306 - 359 per 1000 // international dialling code: +359
ownership radio receivers: 437 - 543 per 1000
ownership tv-sets: 359 - 398 per 1000
newspaper circulation: 141 per 1000
persons per post office: 2340
personal computers: 44 per 1000
 
Some physical landmarks
 
mountains: Musala 2925 m, Vihren 2915, Koutelo [Dimitrov] 2902, Malka Moussala 2902, Banski Souhodol 2884 >
lowest point: sea level // some more mountains: > Irechek 2852, Poleszhan 2850
lakes (natural): Burgassko 28 sq.km; Varnensko 17; Atanasovsko 17
lakes (artificial reservoirs): Jazovir Iskar
lakes (deepest): unknown
rivers: Duna[Danube] 471 km, Iskur 368, Tundja 350, Maritsa 322, Ossum 314, Struma 290, Yantra 286, Kamchia 245, Arda 241
canals: unknown
waterfalls: unknown
caves: longest system: unknown / deepest:
islands: none
deserts: none
other natural features:
 
Additional remarks, especially on the statistical information
 
other important features:
apart from physical landmarks most of the above figures are changeable, in most cases they date from the 1990's
 
primary sources used for the general information:
BB CA DK EV FW PW WA WB WR, and some - local national or international - statistical yearbooks
particulars concerning population data:
 

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Latest modification of this page on 2004-12-21 by Jan Lahmeyer
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