map of Armenia; source WR ARMENIA

[Ajastan ; Haikakan] :
general data of the country


 
General useful information
 
Note: some data are of constant value, while other are due to changes, fluctuations etc.
 
Nation and population
 
official name (short form): Hayastan ; Ajastan ; Haikakan
country code ISO: AM [ARM] //; - FIPS: AM
location: SW Asia; or in some other views SE Europe
time zone: +3 UT* [*= applying daylight saving time]
surface (land) area: 29743 sq.km = 11484 sq.mi //; - area incl. inland waters: 29800 sq.km = 11506 sq.mi
geographical position in extreme co-ordinates: North: 42° N / South: 39° N / East: 47° E / West: 43° E
borders (land): Georgia, Azerbaijan, Iran, Turkey
borders (coastline): none
climate: continental, mountainous
Government
independent from 1918-1922, and since 1991-09-23
type of government: republic
capital: Erevan
administrative division: gavar? /or;/ marzer? [province] (10) + kaghak [city] (1)
Population
population according to the last two censuses: (1989): 3287,677, or: 3304,776 ; (2001): 3210,606
total population acc. to the est. of midyear 2000: 3344,336 //-; 2001: 3815,000; or: 3802,400 (AS) // -; 2002: 3068,000 (FW)
population density: 103 [or 125] per sq.km = 265 [or 290] per sq.mi
population growth: 0,0%; or 1% //; - doubling time: not applicable; exceeds 100 years
birth rate: 11-20 per 1000
death rate: 6-10 per 1000
fertility rate: 3 children per female
maternal mortality: per 100,000
infant mortality (in the first year of life): 35 per 1000
infant mortality (from 1st - 4th year of life): 20 - 39 per 1000
life expectancy: 70 [later figure found: 75] years (male: 62-73; female: 71-78)
age breakdown: 0-14 years: 30% [later figure found: 22%] //; - 15-59 years: 59% //; - 60+ years : 11%
urbanisation: 70% //; - urbanisation growth: %
percentage of urban population in the greatest city: %
Ethnic composition, language, religion
ethnic groups: Armenian (=Haik) 93,3%; Azeri 2,6%; Kurd 1,7%; Russian 1,6%; other 0,8%
languages: Armenian, also Russian, Azerbaijani and other minorities
religious affiliation: Armenian orthodox (Armenian apostolic, or Gregorian) 94%; minorities of Russian orthodox, Protestant a.o.
Health
daily food intake: calories per capita
population with access to safe water: %
people per physician: 230 - 260 [DK: 328]
people per hospital bed: 125
Education, literacy
school enrolment: primary education 6-11 years: 93% [later figure found: 85%]
school enrolment: secondary education: 58%
school enrolment: tertiary education 20-24 years: 14%
adult literacy: 99% (male: 99%; female: 98%)
 
Economy and infrastructure
 
Economy and trade
currency: Dram (ARD) = 100 limas [luma?]
annual inflation rate: 172 - 212%
population below poverty line: 13%
Gross Domestic Product: USD 670-2700 per capita
GNI USD 520 - 790 per capita //; - [ppp: 2580]
GDP growth: -2,5 - +0,4%
income: USD 730 - 2200 per capita
import: USD 674 per capita //; - export: USD 271 per capita
trade: USD 500 per capita //; - or 62% of GDP
trade partners: RU UA KZ BY TM GB, US IR AE BE IL
human development index: 0,745 //; - position of the country in the world no.: 72
female labour force: 29%
unemployment: 11 - 12%
tourism: a small number, of no economic importance
Economic activities in agriculture, fisheries, industry, mining, services, energy
land use: arable land: 19-22% //; - grass land: 23-54% //; - wooded area: 13-14% //; - arid land and desert: %
agriculture: labour force: 6% [other figures: 11 and 46%] //; - part of agriculture in GDP: 14% [other figures: 26 and 48%]
agricultural products: sugarbeets, wine, fruit, tobacco, vegetables, grapes
livestock (1000s): asses: / cattle: 510 / goats: 11 / horses: 11 / pigs: 55 / poultry: 2800 - 4500 / sheep: 566
fish catch: 447 - 2007 metric tonnes
industry: labour force: 22% [other figures: 17 and 32%] //; - part of industry in GDP: 71% [other figures: 30 and 37%]
industrial products: food products, textiles, artificial fertilizer, machinery, chemicals
mining products: copper, sulphur, lead, silver, gold, zinc, coal, natural oil & gas, precious metals
CO2 emission per capita: 0,9 - 1,1
services: labour force: 72% [other figures: 38 and 57%] //; - part of services in GDP: 15% [other figures: 22 and 37%]
energy use (kg per capita): 485
electricity use (per capita): 957
annual water use (per capita): 1145
Traffic, communication
road network: 7720-10200 km [DK: 15329] //; - of which paved: 96% //; - of which are motorways: 174 km [DK: 7527 km]
vehicles: 36 per 1000 // international license plate: ARM
railways: 829 - 842 km //; - railways passenger/km: 316
navigable inland waterways: 0 km
ownership telephone: 155 per 1000 // international dialling code: +374
ownership radio receivers: 224 per 1000
ownership tv-sets: 241 per 1000
newspaper circulation: 23 per 1000
persons per post office:
personal computers: 7 per 1000
 
Some physical landmarks
 
mountains: Aragats 4095 m, Kaputdjugh 3906, Azhdahak 3598, Spitakasar 3555, [Ishkhly 3552], Vardenis 3522
lowest point: Debed Canyon 390 m below sea level
lakes (natural): Sevan 1260 sq.km; Arpi 22
lakes (artificial reservoirs):
lakes (deepest):
rivers: Araks 158 km, Akhuryan 186, Vorotan 119, Debed 152, Arpa?, Hrazdan 141
canals:
waterfalls:
caves: longest system: / deepest:
islands: none
deserts: none
other natural features:
 
Additional remarks, especially on the statistical information
 
other important features:
apart from physical landmarks most of the above figures are changeable, in most cases they date from the 1990's
 
primary sources used for the general information:
BB CA DK EV FW PW WA WB WR, and some - local national or international - statistical yearbooks
particulars concerning population data:
 

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Latest modification of this page on 2004-12-20 by Jan Lahmeyer
1999/2004 "Populstat" website: Jan Lahmeyer