map of Albania: source WR ALBANIA

[Shqipėria]

general data of the country


 
General useful information
 
Note: some data are of constant value, while other are due to changes, fluctuations etc.
 
Nation and population
 
official name (short form): Shqipëria ; Shqipërisë
country code ISO: AL [ALB] //; - FIPS: AL
location: Southeastern Europe
surface (land area): 28748 sq.km = 11100 sq.mi
time zone: +1 UT* [*= applying daylight saving time]
geographical position in extreme co-ordinates: North: 43° N / South: 40° N / East: 21° E / West: 19° E
borders (land): Montenegro, Serbia, Kosovo, Macedonia, Greece
borders (coastline): Adriatic Sea
climate: Mediterranean, cooler in mountainous regions
Government
independent since: 1912-11-28
type of government: republic
capital: Tiranë (Tirana)
administrative division: province (26) ; recently: district (36)
Population
population according to the last two censuses (1989): 3128,417; (2001): 3087,159
total population according to the estimate of midyear 2000: 3490,435; or: 3411,000; 2002: 3150,000
population density: 121 per sq.km = 314 per sq.mi
population growth: 1,5% //; - doubling time 47 years
birth rate: 22 per 1000
death rate: 8 per 1000
fertility rate: 3 children per female
maternal mortality: 30-47 per 100,000
infant mortality (in the first year of life): 24 per 1000
infant mortality (from 1st - 4th year of life): 22 - 51 per 1000
life expectancy: 69-74 year (male: 65-72; female: 72-77)
age groups: 0-14 years: 42% [PG: 33%] //; - 15-59 years: 53% [PG: 59%] //; - 60+ years : 8%
urbanisation: 37% [43%] //; - urbanisation growth: 3,4%
percentage of urban population in the greatest city: 25%
Ethnic composition, language, religion
ethnic groups: Albanian 98% (Gegs in the North, Tosks in the South), Greek 1,8%, Macedonian 0,1%, Montenegrin, Gypsy
languages: Albanian (Tosk is the official dialect), Greek, Macedonian
religious affiliation: Muslim (Sunnî) 65%; Albanian Orthodox 20% [23]; Christian (Roman Catholic) 13% [10]
Health
daily food intake: 2976 calories per capita
population with access to safe water: 76-97%
people per physician: 668 - 752
people per hospital bed: 333
Education, literacy
school enrolment: primary education 6-11 years: 66%
school enrolment: secondary education: 29%
school enrolment: tertiary education 20-24 years: 6%
adult literacy: 92% (male: 96%; female: 88%) [PG: 85%]
 
Economy and infrastructure
 
Economy and trade
currency: Lek = 100 qindar (qindarka)
annual inflation rate: 34-39%
population below poverty line: 19,6%
Gross Domestic Product: USD 360 per capita
GNI USD 1120-1450 per capita //; - [ppp: 3600-4960]
GDP growth: 2,7%
income: USD 1000 per capita
import: USD 600 per capita //; - export: USD 140 per capita
trade: 73 per capita //; - or 36% of GDP
trade partners: IT GR BG DE TR US YU CN RU UA GB
human development index: 0,725 //; - position of the country in the world no.: 85
female labour force: 41%
unemployment: 18% [unofficial 30%]
tourism: 0,04 million
Economic activities in agriculture, fisheries, industry, mining, services, energy
land use: arable land: 26% //; - grass land: 15% //; - wooded area: 38% //; - arid land and desert: %
agriculture: labour force: 56% [later figure found: 71%] //; - part of agriculture in GDP: 33% [later figure found: 25-37%]
agricultural products: cereals, vegetables, potatoes, sugar beets, fruit, grapes, olives, cattle
livestock (million): asses: 0,14 / cattle: 0,84 / goats: 1,65 / pigs 0,1 / poultry: 4,3 / sheep: 2,5
fish catch: 2745 - 3627 metric tonnes
industry: labour force: 26% [PG: 19%] //; - part of industry in GDP: 51% [later figure found: 18-19%]
industrial products: food products, textiles, clothing, tobacco, leather
mining products: chromium ore, copper ore, coal, crude petroleum, natural gas, nickel
CO2 emission per capita: 0,5
services: labour force: 18% [PG: 25%] //; - part of services in GDP: 36% [later figure found: 46-56%]
energy use (kg per capita): 311
electricity use (per capita): 783
annual water use (per capita): 94
Traffic, communication
road network: 15500, or 18000 km //; - of which paved: 39% //; - of which are motorways: 0 km
vehicles: 140,000 (or 37 per 1000 persons) // international license plate: AL
railways: 440, 684, or 720 km //; - railways passenger/km: 223 million
navigable inland waterways: 43, or 74 km
ownership telephone: 36 - 50 per 1000 // international dialling code: +355
ownership radio receivers: 217 per 1000
ownership tv -sets: 109 per 1000
newspaper circulation: 54 per 1000
persons per post office: 4600
personal computers: 6,4 per 1000
 
Some physical landmarks
 
mountains: Korabi 2751 m, Maja e Jerzercës 2694, Maja i Radohinës 2570, Maja e Hekuravës 2561, Gramozi 2523
lowest point: sea level
lakes (natural): Shkodra 368 sq.km, Pogradec [=Ohrid] 363, Prespa 285
lakes (artificial reservoirs): Liqeni i Fierzës 73, Vau i Dejes 25, Ulza, Liqeni i Komanit
lakes (deepest): unknown
rivers (km in Albania): Drin 285, Seman 281, Vjosë 272, Shkubin 181, Mat 115, Erzen 109, Devoll, Osum, Drinos
canals: none, or unknown
waterfalls: none, or unknown
caves: longest system: none, or unknown / deepest:
islands: Sazan
deserts: none
other natural features:
 
Additional remarks, especially on the statistical information
 
other important features:
apart from physical landmarks most of the above figures are changeable, in most cases they date from the 1990's
 
primary sources used for the general information:
BB CA EV FW PW WA WB WR, and some - local national or international - statistical yearbooks
particulars concerning population data:
in 1996 some 500,000 people were working abroad

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Latest modification of this page on 2004-12-20 by Jan Lahmeyer
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