map of Thailand; source WR THAILAND

[Prathet Thai ; Prades Thai ; Muang Thai ; Siam] :
general data of the country


 
General useful information
 
Note: some data are of constant value, while other are due to changes, fluctuations etc.
 
Nation and population
official name (short form): Muang T'hai ; Prathet T'hai
country code ISO: TH //; - FIPS: TH
location: Southeast Asia
time zone: +7 UT
surface (land) area: 513115 sq.km = 198115 sq.mi //; - area incl. inland waters: sq.km = sq.mi
geographical position in extreme co-ordinates: North: 20° N / South: 5° N / East: 105° E / West: 97° E
borders (land): Myanmar, Laos, Cambodia, Malaysia
borders (coastline): Andaman Sea, Gulf of Thailand (both parts of Indian Ocean)
climate: tropical monsoon
Government
independent since: 1350 ; 1882
type of government: constitutional monarchy
capital: Krung Thep (Bangkok)
administrative division: region (6) + metropolis (1) into changwat [=province] (76)
Population
population according to the last two censuses: (1990): 54532,300 /-; (2000): 60606,947
total population according to the estimate of midyear 2000: 61230,874; or: 60728,000 /-; 2001: 61213,000; or: 61797,751
population density: 118 per sq.km = 306 per sq.mi
population growth: 1,5% //; - doubling time: 63 years
birth rate: 17 - 18 per 1000
death rate: 7 - 8 per 1000
fertility rate: 2 children per female
maternal mortality: 270 per 100,000
infant mortality (1-4 years): 32 per 1000
life expectancy: 69 years (male: 66; female: 72)
age breakdown: 0-14 years: 27% //; - 15-59 years: 65% //; - 60+ years: 8%
urbanisation: 22% //; - urbanisation growth: 3%
percentage of urban population in the greatest city: 69%
Ethnic composition, language, religion
ethnic groups: Thai 80% (Siamese 53%, Lao 27%); Chinese 12%; Malay 4%; Khmer 3%
languages: Thai (official); Chinese, Malay, English
religious affiliation: Buddhist 95%; Muslim 4%; Christian 0,6%
Health
daily food intake: 2462 calories per capita
population with access to safe water: 89%
people per physician: 3461
people per hospital bed: 466
Education, literacy
school enrolment: primary education 6-11 years: 87%
school enrolment: secondary education: 28%
school enrolment: tertiary education 20-24 years: 16%
adult literacy: 89% (male: 93%; female: 85%) [later as total figures found: 94 - 96%]
 
Economy and infrastructure
 
Economy and trade
currency: Thai baht = 100 satangs
annual inflation rate: 4%
population below poverty line: 13%
Gross Domestic Product: USD 2210 per capita
GNI USD 2000 per capita //; - [ppp: 6320]
GDP growth: 3%
income: USD 1580 per capita
import: USD 71837 per capita //; - export: USD 56743 per capita
trade: USD 1152 per capita //; - or 107% of GDP
trade partners: JP US SG DE
human development index: 0,757 //; - position of the country in the world no.: 66
female labour force: 46%
unemployment: 2,4%
tourism: 9 million
Economic activities in agriculture, fisheries, industry, mining, services, energy
land use: arable land: 43% //; - grass land: 2% //; - wooded area: 28% //; - arid land and desert: %
agriculture: labour force: 70% //; - part of agriculture in GDP: 12%
agricultural products: rice, sugarcane, tapioca, maize, palm oil, rubber, soybean, coffee, kenaf, cassava
livestock (million): buffalo 1,9 / cattle: 6,1 / goats: 0,1 / pigs: 6,5 / poultry: 232 / sheep: 0,04
fish catch: 3005000 - 3500000 metric tonnes
industry: labour force: 6% //; - part of industry in GDP: 39%
industrial products: cement, refined sugar, chemical fertilizer, synthetic fibre, iron sheet, tin plate, textiles, agricultural processing
mining products: tin, lignite, gas, gems, oil, tungsten, lead, zinc, antimony, potash, limestone, gypsum, kaolin, fluorite
CO2 emission per capita: 3,2
services: labour force: 24% //; - part of services in GDP: 49%
energy use (kg per capita): 1169
electricity use (per capita): 1352
annual water use (per capita): 602
Traffic, communication
road network: 64600, or 73233 km //; - of which paved: 98% //; - of which are motorways: 0 km
vehicles: 18 per 1000
railways: 3755, or 4623 km //; - railways passenger/km: 12975
navigable inland waterways: 3701 km
ownership telephone: 59 - 86 per 1000
ownership radio receivers: 167 - 232 per 1000
ownership tv-sets: 54 - 289 per 1000
newspaper circulation: 47 per 1000
persons per post office: 13900
personal computers: 24 per 1000
 
Some physical landmarks
 
mountains: Doi Inthanon 2594 m, Doi Pha Hom Pok 2297, Chiang Dao 2185
lowest point: sea level
lakes (natural): none, or unknown
lakes (artificial reservoirs): some reservoirs
lakes (deepest): unknown
rivers: Mae Nam Chao Phraya, Mae Nam Ping, Mae Nam Mun, Mae Nam Chi, Mae Nam Mae Klong
canals: none, or unknown
waterfalls: none, or unknown
caves: longest system: none, or unknown / deepest:
islands: Ko Phuket, Ko Samui, Ko Phangan, Ko Chang, Ko Terutao, Ko Lanta
deserts: none
other natural features:
 
Additional remarks, especially on the statistical information
 
other important features:
apart from physical landmarks most of the above figures are changeable, in most cases they date from the 1990's
 
primary sources used for the general information:
BB CA EV PW WA WB WR, and some national statistical yearbooks
particulars concerning population data:
 

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Latest modification of this page on 2004-03-09 by Jan Lahmeyer
1999/2004 "populstat" site: Jan Lahmeyer