map of Tajikistan; source WR TAJIKISTAN

[Tadzjikiston] :
general data of the country


 
General useful information
 
Note: some data are of constant value, while other are due to changes, fluctuations etc.
 
Nation and population
official name (short form): Tojikistan
country code ISO: TJ //; - FIPS: TI
location: Central Asia
time zone: +5 UT
surface (land) area: 143100 sq.km = 55300 sq.mi //; - area incl. inland waters: sq.km = sq.mi
geographical position in extreme co-ordinates: North: 41° N / South: 37° N / East: 75° E / West: 67° E
borders (land): Kyrgyzstan, China, Afghanistan, Uzbekistan
borders (coastline): none
climate: continental, mountainous
Government
independent since: 1991-09-09
type of government: republic
capital: Du`'sanbe
administrative division: viloyat (4) + viloyati avtonomii = autonomous republic (1) + city region (1)
Population
population according to the latest census (1989): 5108,576; or: 5092,603
total population according to the estimate of midyear 2000: 6440,700; or: 6170,000/ -; 2001: 6578,651; or: 6237,000
population density: 45 per sq.km = 117 per sq.mi
population growth: 2% //; - doubling time: 33 years
birth rate: 28 - 33 per 1000
death rate: 7 - 8 per 1000
fertility rate: 5 children per female
maternal mortality: per 100,000
infant mortality (1-4 years): 40 per 1000
life expectancy: 64 - 69 years (male: 61 - 66; female: 67 - 72)
age breakdown: 0-14 years: 45% //; - 15-59 years: 49% //; - 60+ years: 6%
urbanisation: 28 - 33% //; - urbanisation growth: %
percentage of urban population in the greatest city: 35%
Ethnic composition, language, religion
ethnic groups: Tajik 63,8%; Uzbek 24%; Russian 6,5%; Tatar1,4%; Kyrgyz 1,3%; Ukrainian 0,7%; German 0,3%; other 2%
languages: Tajik (official); Russian
religious affiliation: predominantly Sunnî Muslim 80%; Shî'î Muslim 5%; also some Christian 1%; non-religious 14%
Health
daily food intake: 2176 calories per capita
population with access to safe water: 69%
people per physician: 265
people per hospital bed:
Education, literacy
school enrolment: primary education 6-11 years: 85%
school enrolment: secondary education: 55%
school enrolment: tertiary education 20-24 years: 8%
adult literacy: 98% (male: 99%; female: 97%)
 
Economy and infrastructure
 
Economy and trade
currency: Somoni = 100 diram
annual inflation rate: 235%
population below poverty line: %
Gross Domestic Product: USD 350 per capita
GNI USD 180 per capita //; - [ppp: 1090]
GDP growth: -12%
income: USD 1050 per capita
import: USD 799 per capita //; - export: USD 749 per capita
trade: USD 400 per capita //; - or 147% of GDP
trade partners: CIS-countries
human development index: 0,66 //; - position of the country in the world no.: 103
female labour force: 45%
unemployment: 3%
tourism: 0,5 million
Economic activities in agriculture, fisheries, industry, mining, services, energy
land use: arable land: 6% //; - grass land: 25% //; - wooded area: 4% //; - arid land and desert: %
agriculture: labour force: 43% //; - part of agriculture in GDP: 37%
agricultural products: vegetables, seed cotton, fruit, wheat, potatoes, grapes, barley, maize, rice
livestock (million): cattle: 1 / goats: 0,6 / pigs: 0,002 / poultry: 1 / sheep: 2
fish catch: 200 metric tonnes
industry: labour force: 14% //; - part of industry in GDP: 42%
industrial products: metals, textiles, food processing, machinery, chemicals, construction materials, aluminium, cement
mining products: uranium, gold, iron, lead, mercury, tin, gypsum, bauxite, antimony, natural oil, coal, zinc
CO2 emission per capita: 0,8
services: labour force: 44% //; - part of services in GDP: 21%
energy use (kg per capita): 543
electricity use (per capita): 2163
annual water use (per capita): 2455
Traffic, communication
road network: 13700, or 28500 km //; - of which paved: 83% //; - of which are motorways: 0 km
vehicles: 29 per 1000
railways: 480, or 547 km //; - railways passenger/km: 9808
navigable inland waterways: 200 km
ownership telephone: 35 - 45 per 1000
ownership radio receivers: 150 per 1000
ownership tv-sets: 258 - 285 per 1000
newspaper circulation: 13 per 1000
persons per post office: 7930
personal computers: per 1000
 
Some physical landmarks
 
mountains: Independence Peak (Garmo) 7495 [7134] m, Peak Abu Aali Ibn Sina 6974 [6940], [nameless peak] 6852, Qatorkuhi Akademiyay Fanho 6785
lowest point: ca 180 m, at the Southwestern tip of the country where the Amu Darya leaves the country
lakes (natural): Qarokûl
lakes (artificial reservoirs): Qayroqqum (Kayrakkum)
lakes (deepest): unknown
rivers: Amu Darya, Zaraf`'son (Zeravshan), Vach`'s (Vakhsh), Pjand`'z (Panj, Pyandzh), Bartang
canals: none, or unknown
waterfalls: none, or unknown
caves: longest system: none, or unknown / deepest: unknown
islands: none
deserts: none
other natural features: unknown
 
Additional remarks, especially on the statistical information
 
other important features:
apart from physical landmarks most of the above figures are changeable, in most cases they date from the 1990's
Names of mountains "Independence Peak" and "Abu Ali Ibn Sina" were before 2006: "Pik Kommunizma" and "Peak Revoljuitsii"
primary sources used for the general information:
BB CA EV PW WA WB WR, and some national statistical yearbooks
particulars concerning population data:
 

top    To the page containing the population growth statistics of the country

next    To the page containing the historical population growth statistics of the provinces

down    To the page containing urban historical population statistics

back    Back to the homepage of this website: POPULATION STATISTICS


back     Internet website:
Republic of Tajikistan

back     Internet website:
Republic of Tajikistan


Latest modification of this page on 2006-07-03 by Jan Lahmeyer
1999/2006 "Populstat" website: Jan Lahmeyer