map of Singapore; source WR SINGAPORE

general data of the country


 
General useful information
 
Note: some data are of constant value, while other are due to changes, fluctuations etc.
 
Nation and population
official name (short form): Singapore ; Singapur ; Singapura ; Xinjiapo
country code ISO: SG //; - FIPS: SN
location: Southeast Asia
time zone: +8 UT
surface (land) area: 647,5 sq.km = 250 sq.mi //; - area incl. inland waters: sq.km = sq.mi
geographical position in extreme co-ordinates: North: / South: / East: / West:
borders (land): close to Malaysia
borders (coastline): Strait of Singapore (South China Sea)
climate: tropical humid
Government
independent since: 1965-08-09
type of government: republic
capital: Singapore (- City)
administrative division: none, or unknown
Population
population according to the last two censuses: (1990) 2705,115 /-; (2000) 3263,209
total population according to the estimate of midyear 2000: 3151,264; or: 4018,000 /-; 2001: 3306,000
population density: 5096 per sq.km = 13200 per sq.mi
population growth: 1,5% //; - doubling time: 63 years
birth rate: 13 - 16 per 1000
death rate: 4 - 5 per 1000
fertility rate: 2 children per female
maternal mortality: 5 per 100,000
infant mortality (1-4 years): 4 per 1000
life expectancy: 80 years (male: 77; female: 83)
age breakdown: 0-14 years: 23% //; - 15-59 years: 68% //; - 60+ years: 9%
urbanisation: 100% //; - urbanisation growth: -%
percentage of urban population in the greatest city: 100%
Ethnic composition, language, religion
ethnic groups: Chinese 77%; Malay 14%; Indian (incl. Srilankan) 7%; other 1%
languages: Chinese, Malay, Tamil, English (all official)
religious affiliation: Buddhist 28%; Muslim 15%; Christian 13%; Taoist 13%; Hindu 4%; other (non religious included) 27%
Health
daily food intake: calories per capita
population with access to safe water: 100%
people per physician: 720
people per hospital bed: 274
Education, literacy
school enrolment: primary education 6-11 years: 100%
school enrolment: secondary education: 59%
school enrolment: tertiary education 20-24 years: 9%
adult literacy: 92% (male: 96%; female: 86%)
 
Economy and infrastructure
 
Economy and trade
currency: Singapore dollar = 100 cents
annual inflation rate: 1%
population below poverty line: %
Gross Domestic Product: USD 23360 per capita
GNI USD 24740 per capita //; - [ppp: 24910]
GDP growth: 5%
income: USD 12890 per capita
import: USD 131480 per capita //; - export: USD 125153 per capita
trade: USD 48275 per capita //; - or 295% of GDP
trade partners: JP US MY SA EU TH
human development index: 0,876 //; - position of the country in the world no.: 26
female labour force: 40%
unemployment: 3,5%
tourism: 7 million
Economic activities in agriculture, fisheries, industry, mining, services, energy
land use: arable land: 1% //; - grass land: 0% //; - wooded area: 4,5% //; - arid land and desert: % ; built-up area ca 90%
agriculture: labour force: 1% //; - part of agriculture in GDP: <1%
agricultural products: fish, copra, rubber, fruit, vegetables
livestock (1000s): cattle: 0,2 / goats: 0,3 / pigs: 190 / poultry: 2000
fish catch: 5050 - 13338 metric tonnes
industry: labour force: 29% //; - part of industry in GDP: 38%
industrial products: machinery, chemicals, transport equipment, oil refining, electronics, food & rubber processing, biotechnology
mining products: granite
CO2 emission per capita: 21,0
services: labour force: 71% //; - part of services in GDP: 62%
energy use (kg per capita): 5742
electricity use (per capita): 6641
annual water use (per capita): 84
Traffic, communication
road network: 2810, or 3150km //; - of which paved: 100% //; - of which are motorways: 150 km
vehicles: 105 per 1000
railways: 25, or 83 km //; - railways passenger/km:
navigable inland waterways: 0 km
ownership telephone: 478 - 593 per 1000
ownership radio receivers: 260 - 822 per 1000
ownership tv-sets: 218 - 348 per 1000
newspaper circulation: 340 per 1000
persons per post office: 2570
personal computers: 483 per 1000
 
Some physical landmarks
 
mountains: Bukit Timah 176 m (or 162?), Bukit Gombak 133, Bukit Batok 106, Mt. Faber 105
lowest point: sea level
lakes (natural): none, or unknown
lakes (artificial reservoirs): a few small ones
lakes (deepest): unknown
rivers: Kallang
canals: none, or unknown
waterfalls: none, or unknown
caves: longest system: / deepest:
islands: Palua Tekong, Palau Ubin, Sentosa and numerous smaller islands
deserts: none
other natural features:
 
Additional remarks, especially on the statistical information
 
other important features:
apart from physical landmarks most of the above figures are changeable, in most cases they date from the 1990's
Singapore was founded in 1819 by Raffles, it was a British colony until 1959
primary sources used for the general information:
BB CA EV PW WA WB WR, and some national statistical yearbooks
particulars concerning population data:
 

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Latest modification of this page on 2004-03-06 by Jan Lahmeyer
1999/2004 "populstat" site: Jan Lahmeyer