map of Macau MACAU

[MACAO, AOMEN] : general data of the country


 
General useful information
 
Note: some data are of constant value, while other are due to changes, fluctuations etc.
 
Nation and population
official name (short form): Macau ; Aomen
country code ISO: MO //; - FIPS: MC
location: East Asia
time zone: +8 UT
surface (land) area: 21 sq.km = 8 sq.mi //; - area incl. inland waters: sq.km = sq.mi
geographical position in extreme co-ordinates: North: 22°13'05" N / South: 22°06'39" N / East: 113°35'43" E / West: 113°31'36" E
borders (land): China, prov. Guangdong
borders (coastline): South China Sea / length of coast line: 40,8 km (peninsula 13,3; islands 27,5)
climate: subtropical monsoon
Government
dependency: from 1557 until 1999-12-20 colony of Portugal, since then special territory within China
type of government: special administrative region within China
capital: Macau (Macao)
administrative division: no further division
Population
population according to the latest census (1991): 339,464
total population according to the estimate of midyear 2000: 445,594; 2001: 453,733
population density: 21428 per sq.km = 55500 per sq.mi
population growth: % //; - doubling time: years
birth rate: 17 per 1000
death rate: 3 per 1000
fertility rate: 2 children per female
maternal mortality: per 100,000
infant mortality (1-4 years): 6 per 1000
life expectancy: 77 years (male: 75; female: 79)
age breakdown: 0-14 years: 24% //; - 15-59 years: 66% //; - 60+ years: 10%
urbanisation: 99% //; - urbanisation growth: %
percentage of urban population in the greatest city: 100%
Ethnic composition, language, religion
ethnic groups: Chinese 68 - 95%; Portuguese 3 - 27%
languages: Chinese (Cantonese), Portuguese
religious affiliation: Buddhist 45%; Roman Catholic 7%
Health
daily food intake: 2471 calories per capita
population with access to safe water: %
people per physician: 1167
people per hospital bed: 396
Education, literacy
school enrolment: primary education 6-11 years: %
school enrolment: secondary education: %
school enrolment: tertiary education 20-24 years: %
adult literacy: 90 - 93% (male: %; female: %)
 
Economy and infrastructure
 
Economy and trade
currency: Pataca = 100 avos (until 2000?) / since then the Chines currency: Renminbi yuan
annual inflation rate: 4%
population below poverty line: %
Gross Domestic Product: USD 16160 per capita
GNI USD 14580 per capita //; - [ppp: 18190]
GDP growth: 0,4%
income: USD 6000 per capita
import: USD 2019 per capita //; - export: USD 2018 per capita
trade: USD 6992 per capita //; - or 77% of GDP
trade partners: CN JP PT
human development index: //; - position of the country in the world no.:
female labour force: 42%
unemployment: %
tourism: 7 million
Economic activities in agriculture, fisheries, industry, mining, services, energy
land use: arable land: % //; - grass land: % //; - wooded area: 2% //; - arid land and desert: %
agriculture: labour force: < 1% //; - part of agriculture in GDP: 1%
agricultural products: meat, fish
livestock (1000s): asses: / camels: / cattle: / goats: / horses: / pigs: / poultry: 420 / sheep:
fish catch: 1500 metric tonnes
industry: labour force: 33% //; - part of industry in GDP: 34%
industrial products: diverse range of products
mining products: none
CO2 emission per capita: 3,8
services: labour force: 67% //; - part of services in GDP: 65%
energy use (kg per capita): 857
electricity use (per capita): 3370
annual water use (per capita):
Traffic, communication
road network: 341 km //; - of which paved: 100% //; - of which are motorways: 0 km
vehicles: per 1000
railways: 0 km //; - railways passenger/km: -
navigable inland waterways: 0 km
ownership telephone: 361 - 408 per 1000
ownership radio receivers: 356 - 591 per 1000
ownership tv-sets: 113 per 1000
newspaper circulation: 591 per 1000
persons per post office: 34500
personal computers: 94 - 137 per 1000
 
Some physical landmarks
 
mountains: Coloane 170,6 m, Taipa Grande 158,9, Ponto Central 136
lowest point: sea level
lakes (natural): none
lakes (artificial reservoirs): none
lakes (deepest):
rivers: none
canals: unknown
waterfalls: none
caves: longest system: none / deepest:
islands: Coloane, Taipa
deserts: none
other natural features:
 
Additional remarks, especially on the statistical information
 
other important features:
apart from physical landmarks most of the above figures are changeable, in most cases they date from the 1990's
the data, which are effected by changes, are mostly prior to 1999, when Macau was reverted to China
primary sources used for the general information:
BB CA EV PW WA WB WR, and some national statistical yearbooks
particulars concerning population data:
 

Particulars:
Because this was a city-state there is no separate statistical information of an administrative division or of the town itself.
This "state" has been incorporated within the state of China on 1999-12-20; from 2000 onwards see:
next    CHINA : the file of the administrative division ; under municipality : Macau (SAR).

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Latest modification of this page on 2004-02-23 by Jan Lahmeyer
1999/2004 "populstat" site: Jan Lahmeyer