map of Iran; source: WR IRAN

general data of the country


 
General useful information
 
Note: some data are of constant value, while other are due to changes, fluctuations etc.
 
Nation and population
official name (short form): Irân
country code ISO: IR //; - FIPS: IR
location: Southwest Asia
time zone: +3:30 UT* [*= applying daylight saving time]
surface (land) area: 1648000 sq.km = 636293 sq.mi //; - area incl. inland waters: sq.km = sq.mi
geographical position in extreme co-ordinates: North: 40° N / South: 25° N / East: 63° E / West: 44° E
borders (land): Turkmenistan, Afghanistan, Pakistan, Iraq, Turkey, Armenia, Azerbaijan
borders (coastline): Caspian Sea; Persian Gulf, Gulf of Oman (parts of the Indian Ocean)
climate: arid subtropical
Government
independent since: 1906-10-07
type of government: islamic republic
capital: Tehrân
administrative division: ostan (24) // or: ostan (15) and farmandariha, farmandakirol (9)
Population
population according to the last two censuses (1991): 55473,189 ; (1996): 60055,488
total population according to the estimate of midyear 2000: 65619,636; or: 63664,000; 2001: 64528,000
population density: 39 per sq.km = 100 per sq.mi
population growth: 3,6% //; - doubling time: 25 years
birth rate: 17 - 33 per 1000
death rate: 5 - 7 per 1000
fertility rate: 6 children per female
maternal mortality: per 100,000
infant mortality (1-4 years): 55 per 1000
life expectancy: 70 years (male: 69; female: 71)
age breakdown: 0-14 years: 45% //; - 15-59 years: 50% //; - 60+ years: 6%
urbanisation: 62% //; - urbanisation growth: 5%
percentage of urban population in the greatest city: 28%
Ethnic composition, language, religion
ethnic groups: Persian 51%; Azerbaijani 24%; Kurdish 7%; Gilaki 5%; Luri; Mazandarani; Baluchi; Arab
languages: Farsi (Persian; official) 48%; Kurdish, Baluchi, Luri, Turkic, Arab, French
religious affiliation: Shî'î Muslim 89 - 94%; Sunnî Muslim 6 - 10% [figures differ due to several sources used]
Health
daily food intake: 2822 calories per capita
population with access to safe water: 83%
people per physician: 1182
people per hospital bed: 609
Education, literacy
school enrolment: primary education 6-11 years: 96%
school enrolment: secondary education: 53%
school enrolment: tertiary education 20-24 years: 7%
adult literacy: 54% (male: %; female: %) [figure found for 1997: 79%]
 
Economy and infrastructure
 
Economy and trade
currency: Rial = 100 dinar
annual inflation rate: 26%
population below poverty line: %
Gross Domestic Product: USD 2068 per capita
GNI USD 1680 per capita //; - [ppp: 5910]
GDP growth: 2%
income: USD 2320 per capita
import: USD 30712 per capita //; - export: USD 19868 per capita
trade: USD 598 per capita //; - or 43% of GDP
trade partners: IT GB UA TR DE JP
human development index: 0,714 //; - position of the country in the world no.: 90
female labour force: 28%
unemployment: 13%
tourism: 1,7 million
Economic activities in agriculture, fisheries, industry, mining, services, energy
land use: arable land: 9% //; - grass land: 27% //; - wooded area: 11% //; - arid land and desert: ca 50%
agriculture: labour force: 36% //; - part of agriculture in GDP: 21%
agricultural products: cereals, timber, cattle, sheep, fish, sugar, rice, fruits, nuts, cotton
livestock (million): asses: 1,6 / buffalo 0,5 / camels: 0,15 / cattle: 8 / goats: 26 / poultry 250 / sheep: 54
fish catch: 387200 metric tonnes
industry: labour force: 33% //; - part of industry in GDP: 21%
industrial products: petroleum products, steel, textiles, electrical goods, cement, sugar refining, carpets
mining products: natural oil & gas, lead, chromium, copper, iron, zinc, coal, gypsum, manganese
CO2 emission per capita: 4,7
services: labour force: 31% //; - part of services in GDP: 58%
energy use (kg per capita): 1651
electricity use (per capita): 1303
annual water use (per capita): 1362
Traffic, communication
road network: 139368, or: 165724 km //; - of which paved: 59% //; - of which are motorways: 490 km
vehicles: 35 per 1000
railways: 4601, or 7286 km //; - railways passenger/km: 6422
navigable inland waterways: 130, or 904 km
ownership telephone: 85 - 125 per 1000
ownership radio receivers: 213 - 280 per 1000
ownership tv-sets: 76 -148 per 1000
newspaper circulation: 20 per 1000
persons per post office: 5700
personal computers: 63 per 1000
 
Some physical landmarks
 
mountains: Damavand 5671 m, Sabalán 4811, Soleiman 4805 [4490?], Kûh-e-Zarde 4548, Kûh-e-Hazâran 4420
lowest point: almost 28 m below sea level at the borders of the Caspian Sea
lakes (natural): Orúmíyeh, Namak, Sístán, Hámún-eJaz Múríán, Tashk
lakes (artificial reservoirs): none, or unknown
lakes (deepest): unknown
rivers: Kârûn, Sefid and a few others, some as borderline rivers like Atrak and Araz, but all of little importance
canals: unknown
waterfalls: unknown
caves: longest system: unknown / deepest:
islands: Qeshm
deserts: Dasht-e Kavír
other natural features:
 
Additional remarks, especially on the statistical information
 
other important features:
apart from physical landmarks most of the above figures are changeable, in most cases they date from the 1990's
 
primary sources used for the general information:
BB CA EV PW WA WB WR, and some national statistical yearbooks
particulars concerning population data:
 

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Latest modification of this page on 2004-02-18 by Jan Lahmeyer
1999/2004 "populstat" site: Jan Lahmeyer