map of Indonesia; source: WR INDONESIA

general data of the country


 
General useful information
 
Note: some data are of constant value, while other are due to changes, fluctuations etc.
 
Nation and population
official name (short form): Indonesia
country code ISO: ID //; - FIPS: ID
location: Southeast Asia
time zone: + 7 / + 9 UT
surface (land) area: 1919317 sq.km = 741052 sq.mi //; - area incl. inland waters: sq.km = sq.mi
geographical position in extreme co-ordinates: North: 06°08' N / South: 11°05' S / East: 141°05' E / West: 94°45' E
borders (land - on different islands): Malaysia, Papua New Guinea, East Timor
borders (coastline): Indian Ocean, Pacific Ocean
climate: tropical humid
Government
independent since: 1947-08-15 ; 1949-12-27
type of government: republic
capital: Jakarta
administrative division: propinsi (24), special district (3)
Population
population according to the latest census (2000): 206264,595
total population according to the estimate of midyear 2000: 210421,000; or: 224784,210// - ; 2001: 209565,000
population density: 109 per sq.km = 283 per sq.mi
population growth: 1,7% //; - doubling time: 47 years
birth rate: 22 - 27 per 1000
death rate: 6 - 9 per 1000
fertility rate: 3 children per female
maternal mortality: 450 per 100,000
infant mortality (1-4 years): 84 per 1000
life expectancy: 68 years (male: 66; female: 71)
age breakdown: 0-14 years: 36% //; - 15-59 years: 58% //; - 60+ years: 6%
urbanisation: 41% //; - urbanisation growth: 4%
percentage of urban population in the greatest city: 23%
Ethnic composition, language, religion
ethnic groups: Javanese 39%%; Sundanese 16%; Bahasa Indonesian 12%; Madurese 5%; plus 300 other
languages: Bahasa Indonesian (official); Javanese, Sundanese, Dutch, English and over 20 others
religious affiliation: Sunnî Muslim 87%; Protestant 6%; Roman Catholic 4%; Hindu 2%; Buddhist 1%
Health
daily food intake: 2850 calories per capita
population with access to safe water: 62 - 76%
people per physician: 6259
people per hospital bed: 1639
Education, literacy
school enrolment: primary education 6-11 years: 100%
school enrolment: secondary education: 48%
school enrolment: tertiary education 20-24 years: 8%
adult literacy: 77% (male: %; female: %) [later total figure found: 87%]
 
Economy and infrastructure
 
Economy and trade
currency: Rupiah = 100 sen
annual inflation rate: 15,5%
population below poverty line: 27%
Gross Domestic Product: USD 880 per capita
GNI USD 570 per capita //; - [ppp: 2830]
GDP growth: 2,5%
income: USD 610 per capita
import: USD 40629 per capita //; - export: USD 45418 per capita
trade: USD 293 per capita //; - or 62% of GDP
trade partners: JP SK SG US DE AU GB IT NL
human development index: 0,677 //; - position of the country in the world no.: 102
female labour force: 41%
unemployment: 6%
tourism: 5 million
Economic activities in agriculture, fisheries, industry, mining, services, energy
land use: arable land: 12% //; - grass land: 7% //; - wooded area: 58 - 63% //; - arid land and desert: %
agriculture: labour force: 54% //; - part of agriculture in GDP: 19%
agricultural products: rice, cassava, sweet potatoes, sugar cane, soya beans, coffee, tobacco, tea, cocoa, rubber, timber, peanuts
livestock (million): cattle: 12 / buffalo: 2 / goats: 13 / horses: 0,5 / pigs: 5 / poultry: 780 / sheep: 7
fish catch: 4150000 metric tonnes
industry: labour force: 8% //; - part of industry in GDP: 41%
industrial products: agriculture, mining, oil refining, fishing, textiles, cement, fertilizers, chemicals, food processing
mining products: natural oil & gas, bauxite, nickel, tin, copper
CO2 emission per capita: 1,1
services: labour force: 38% //; - part of services in GDP: 40%
energy use (kg per capita): 658
electricity use (per capita): 345
annual water use (per capita): 96
Traffic, communication
road network: 214030, or 372414 km //; - of which paved: 47% //; - of which are motorways: 0 km
vehicles: 7 per 1000
railways: 6583 km //; - railways passenger/km: 15924
navigable inland waterways: 21579 km
ownership telephone: 17 - 29 per 1000
ownership radio receivers: 132 - 158 per 1000
ownership tv-sets: 69 - 147 per 1000
newspaper circulation: 20 per 1000
persons per post office: 23800
personal computers: 10 per 1000
 
Some physical landmarks
 
mountains: Puncak Jaya 5030 m, Puncak Trikora 4750, Gunung Kerinci 3805, Semeru 3676
lowest point: sea level
lakes (natural): Danau Toba, Danau Towuti, Danau Paniai
lakes (artificial reservoirs): unknown
lakes (deepest): possibly Danau Toba
rivers: on every island there are rivers, but no one is outstanding enough to mention here separately
canals: unknown
waterfalls: unknown
caves: longest system: / deepest:
islands: archipelago of 13677 islands; the most important are: Java, Sumatera, Borneo, Sulawesi, Irian Jaya [6000 islands are inhabited]
deserts: none
other natural features:
 
Additional remarks, especially on the statistical information
 
other important features:
apart from physical landmarks most of the above figures are changeable, in most cases they date from the 1990's
surface area includes possibly still East Timor and Irian Jaya
primary sources used for the general information:
BB CA EV PW WA WB WR, and some national statistical yearbooks
particulars concerning population data:
 

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Latest modification of this page on 2004-02-17 by Jan Lahmeyer
1999/2004 "populstat" site: Jan Lahmeyer