map of India; source: WR INDIA

[Bharat] :
general data of the country


 
General useful information
 
Note: some data are of constant value, while other are due to changes, fluctuations etc.
 
Nation and population
official name (short form): Bharat
country code ISO: IN //; - FIPS: IN
location: South Asia
time zone: +5:30 UT
surface (land) area: 3165596 sq.km = 1222243 sq.mi //; - area incl. inland waters: sq.km = sq.mi
geographical position in extreme co-ordinates: North: 37° N / South: 8° N / East: 97° E / West: 68° E
borders (land): Pakistan, China, Nepal, Bhutan, Myanmar, Bangladesh
borders (coastline): Indian Ocean
climate: subtropical and tropical, with in the far north variations according to altitude
Government
independent since: 1947-08-15
type of government: republic
capital: New Delhi
administrative division: state (24), union territory (6), national capital territory (1)
Population
population according to the latest census (2001): 1027015,247
total population according to the estimate of midyear 2000: 1014003,817; or: 1015923,000
population density: 324 per sq.km = 840 per sq.mi
population growth: 2,1% //; - doubling time: 42 years
birth rate: 24 - 27 per 1000
death rate: 9 - 10 per 1000
fertility rate: 4 children per female
maternal mortality: 340 per 100,000
infant mortality (1-4 years): 98 per 1000
life expectancy: 63 years (male: 62; female: 64)
age breakdown: 0-14 years: 37% //; - 15-59 years: 56% //; - 60+ years: 7%
urbanisation: 28% //; - urbanisation growth: 3%
percentage of urban population in the greatest city: 6%
Ethnic composition, language, religion
ethnic groups: Indo-Aryan (Caucasoid) 72%; Dravidian (Aboriginal) 25; others (Mongoloid) 3
languages: Hindi 30% (official +English); Telugu 8%; Bengali 8%; Marati 8%; Tamil 7%; Urdu 5%; plus more than 70 other
religious affiliation: Hindu 83%, Sunnî Musim 11, Christian 2, Sikh 2, Buddhist 1
Health
daily food intake: 2466 calories per capita
population with access to safe water: 81%
people per physician: 2460
people per hospital bed:
Education, literacy
school enrolment: primary education 6-11 years: 98%
school enrolment: secondary education: 43%
school enrolment: tertiary education 20-24 years: 6%
adult literacy: 52 - 57% (male: %; female: %)
 
Economy and infrastructure
 
Economy and trade
currency: Rupee= 100 paise
annual inflation rate: 8%
population below poverty line: 35%
Gross Domestic Product: USD 340 per capita
GNI USD 450 per capita //; - [ppp: 2340]
GDP growth: 4%
income: USD 330 per capita
import: USD 28655 per capita //; - export: USD 26330 per capita
trade: USD 44 per capita //; - or 20% of GDP
trade partners: US JP CIS DE GB
human development index: 0,571 //; - position of the country in the world no.: 115
female labour force: 32%
unemployment: 9%
tourism: 2,6 million
Economic activities in agriculture, fisheries, industry, mining, services, energy
land use: arable land: 57% //; - grass land: 4% //; - wooded area: 22% //; - arid land and desert: ca 10 - 15%
agriculture: labour force: 63% //; - part of agriculture in GDP: 31%
agricultural products: wheat, sugar cane, rice, millet, sorghum, jute, barley, tea, cattle, spices, cashews, cotton, potatoes, oilseed
livestock (million): asses: 1 / camels: 1 / cattle: 219 / buffalo 94 / goats: 123 / pigs: 16,5 / poultry: 402 / sheep: 58
fish catch: 3316815 - 5380000 metric tonnes
industry: labour force: 11% //; - part of industry in GDP: 27%
industrial products: textiles, chemicals, petroleum products, jute, cement, fertilizers, food processing, steel
mining products: coal, iron ore, lead, zinc, diamonds, oil & natural gas, bauxite, chromite, copper, manganese, mica, titanium
CO2 emission per capita: 1,1
services: labour force: 27% //; - part of services in GDP: 42%
energy use (kg per capita): 482
electricity use (per capita): 379
annual water use (per capita): 612
Traffic, communication
road network: 2358629 km //; - of which paved: 50% //; - of which are motorways: 34000 km
vehicles: 3 per 1000
railways: 62809 km //; - railways passenger/km: 319400
navigable inland waterways: 19145 km
ownership telephone: 17 - 27 per 1000
ownership radio receivers: 121 - 132 per 1000
ownership tv-sets: 75 - 147 per 1000
newspaper circulation: per 1000
persons per post office: 6130
personal computers: 4,5 per 1000
 
Some physical landmarks
 
mountains: Kangchenjunga 8598 m, Nanda Devi 7816, Kamet 7756, Nunkun 7135, Shilla 7026
lowest point: sea level
lakes (natural): none, unimportant small ones, or unknown
lakes (artificial reservoirs): some artificial lakes
lakes (deepest): unknown
rivers: Ganges, Narmada, Godavari, Krishna, Yamuna, Brahmaputra
canals: unknown
waterfalls: unknown
caves: longest system: unknown / deepest:
islands: Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Lakshadweep
deserts: Thar
other natural features:
 
Additional remarks, especially on the statistical information
 
other important features:
apart from physical landmarks most of the above figures are changeable, in most cases they date from the 1990's
 
primary sources used for the general information:
BB CA EV PW WA WB WR, and some national statistical yearbooks
particulars concerning population data:
 

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Latest modification of this page on 2004-02-17 by Jan Lahmeyer
1999/2004 "populstat" site: Jan Lahmeyer