map of Cyprus; source: WR CYPRUS

[Kypros = Kibris] :
general data of the country


 
General useful information
 
Note: some data are of constant value, while other are due to changes, fluctuations etc.
 
Nation and population
 
official name (short form): Kypros ; Kibris
country code ISO: CY [CYP] //; - FIPS: CY
location: in Eastern Mediterranean Sea, off the Turkish southcoast
time zone: + 2 UT
surface (land) area: 9250 sq.km = 3571 sq.mi //; - area Greek part: 5896 sq.km / area Turkish part: 3355 sq.km
geographical position in extreme co-ordinates: North: 36° N / South: 34° N / East: 34° E / West: 32° E
borders (land): none
borders (coastline): Mediterranean Sea
climate: Mediterranean; with hot summers, mild winters
Government
independent since: 1960-08-16
type of government: republic, the northern part is occupied by TR since 1974-07
capital: Lefkosia (Nicosia, Lefkosa)
administrative division: district (7)
Population
population according to the last two censuses: 1992: 615,013 /-; 2001: 689,471 [census data excluding the Northern Turkish part]
total population according to the estimate of midyear 2000: 758,363; or: 757,000 // ; 2001: 762,887 /-; 2002: 765,000
population density: 82 per sq.km = 213 per sq.mi
population growth: 1,4% //; - doubling time: ca 65 years
birth rate: 13 - 17 per 1000
death rate: 8 per 1000
fertility rate: 2 children per female
maternal mortality: per 100,000
infant mortality (in the first year of life): 5 - 8 per 1000
infant mortality (from 1st - 4th year of life): 6 - 10 per 1000
life expectancy: 77 years (male: 74; female: 79)
age breakdown: 0-14 years: 26% //; - 15-59 years: 60% //; - 60+ years: 14%
urbanisation: 53% - 68% //; - urbanisation growth: %
percentage of urban population in the greatest city: %
Ethnic composition, language, religion
ethnic groups: Greek Cypriot 81%; Turkish Cypriot 19%
languages: Greek; Turkish, English
religious affiliation: Greek Orthodox 80%; Sunnî Muslim 19%
Health
daily food intake: 3474 calories per capita
population with access to safe water: 100%
people per physician: 379 (Southern part); 416 (Northern part) [source PG total: 1100]
people per hospital bed: 210 (Southern part); 187 (Northern part)
Education, literacy
school enrolment: primary education 6-11 years: 100%
school enrolment: secondary education: %
school enrolment: tertiary education 20-24 years: %
adult literacy: 95% (male: 98%; female: 93%) [FW 2000: total 97% (m: 99% ; f: 95%)]
 
Economy and infrastructure
 
Economy and trade
currency: Cyprus Pound = 1000 mils [Turkish currency in the Northern part]
annual inflation rate: 3,5%
population below poverty line: %
Gross Domestic Product: USD 8615 per capita
GNI USD 12370 per capita //; - [ppp: 18560 - 20780]
GDP growth: 3%
income: USD 8640 - 11500 per capita
import: USD 3983 per capita //; - export: USD 3860 per capita
trade: USD 5032 per capita //; - or 55% of GDP
trade partners: GB GR IT JP LB FR DE PL RU
human development index: 0,877 //; - position of the country in the world no.: 25
female labour force: 39%
unemployment: 4% (Southern part); 6% (Northern part)
tourism: 2,4 - 2,7 million (predominantly in the Southern part)
Economic activities in agriculture, fisheries, industry, mining, services, energy
land use: arable land: 17% //; - grass land: 12% //; - wooded area: 13% //; - arid land and desert: %
agriculture: labour force: 14% [PG: 15%; FW 1999: 9%] //; - part of agriculture in GDP: 7% [FW 1997: 4%]
agricultural products: vegetables, wine, fruit, grapes, barley, potatoes, barley, olives
livestock (1000s): asses: / cattle: 56-71 / goats: 322-447 / horses: / pigs: 400-455 / poultry: 3400-3800 / sheep: 252
fish catch: 4186 - 5273 metric tonnes
industry: labour force: 19% [PG: 21%; FW 1999: 22%] //; - part of industry in GDP: 27% [FW 1997: 23%]
industrial products: textiles, shoes, cement, mosaic tiles, cigarettes, beverages, food
mining products: asbestos, pyrites, copper, gypsum, iron, bentonite
CO2 emission per capita: 7,9
services: labour force: 67% [PG: 64%; FW 1999: 68%] //; - part of services in GDP: 56% [FW 1997: 73%]
energy use (kg per capita): 3057
electricity use (per capita): 3671
annual water use (per capita):
Traffic, communication
road network: 11585 - 12500 km //; - of which paved: 57% //; - of which are motorways: 130 - 216 km
vehicles: 233 - 343 per 1000 // international license plate: CY
railways: 0 km //; - railways passenger/km: -
navigable inland waterways: 0 km
ownership telephone: 474 - 631 per 1000 // international dialling code: +357
ownership radio receivers: 288 - 406 per 1000
ownership tv-sets: 143 - 167 per 1000
newspaper circulation: 110 per 1000
persons per post office: 1130
personal computers: 221 per 1000
 
Some physical landmarks
 
mountains: Mount Olympus 1952 m
lowest point: sea level
lakes (natural): none of importance
lakes (artificial reservoirs): Kouklia Reservoir
lakes (deepest): unknown
rivers: Pedheios, Serrakhis, Dhiarizos
canals: none
waterfalls: unknown
caves: longest system: unknown / deepest: unknown
islands: none
deserts: none
other natural features:
 
Additional remarks, especially on the statistical information
 
other important features:
apart from physical landmarks most of the above figures are changeable, in most cases they date from the 1990's
most of the reliable data are only available of the Southern [Greek speaking] part of the island
primary sources used for the general information:
BB CA DK EV FW PW WA WB WR, and some - local national or international - statistical yearbooks
particulars concerning population data:
for the Northern (Turkish) part there are no recent, nor reliable, data available ; British military zone 256 sq.km in the Greek part

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Latest modification of this page on 2004-12-31 by Jan Lahmeyer
1999/2004 "Populstat" website: Jan Lahmeyer