map of China; source: WR CHINA

[Zhongguo] :
general data of the country


 
General useful information
 
Note: some data are of constant value, while other are due to changes, fluctuations etc.
 
Nation and population
 
official name (short form): Zhong Guo
country code ISO: CN [CHN] //; - FIPS: CH
location: East Asia
time zone: +8 UT
surface (land) area: 9326410 sq.km = 3600927 sq.mi //; - area incl. inland waters: 9596960 sq.km = 3705386 sq.mi
geographical position in extreme co-ordinates: North: 53° N / South: 18° N / East: 135° E / West: 73° E
borders (land): Vietnam, Laos, Myanmar, India, Bhutan, Nepal, Pakistan, Afghanistan, Tajiskistan, Kyrygzstan, Kazakhstan, Russian Federation, Mongolia, North Korea
borders (coastline): Sea of Japan, Yellow Sea, East China Sea, South China Sea
climate: n/nw: continental semi-arid; s/se: warm, humid
Government
independent since: 1523 BC; 1912; 1949
type of government: people's republic
capital: Beijing (Peking)
administrative division: province (22), autonomous region (5), municipality + special admin.region (6)
Population
population according to the latest census (2000): 1265830,000
total population according to the estimate of midyear 2000: 1261832,482 [+SAR's: 1261939,478] ; 2002: 1287626,000
population density: 134 per sq.km = 347 per sq.mi
population growth: 1,2% //; - doubling time: 67 years
birth rate: 16 - 21 per 1000
death rate: 7 per 1000
fertility rate: 2 children per female
maternal mortality: 44 per 100,000
infant mortality (in the first year of life): 38 - 104 per 1000
infant mortality (from 1st - 4th year of life): 30 - 31 per 1000
life expectancy: 71 years (male: 69; female: 73)
age breakdown: 0-14 years: 27% //; - 15-59 years: 65% //; - 60+ years: 9%
urbanisation: 32% //; - urbanisation growth: 3%
percentage of urban population in the greatest city: 6%
Ethnic composition, language, religion
ethnic groups: Han 92%; Zhaung 1,4; Manchiu 0,9; Hui 0,8; Miao 0,6; Uigur 0,6; Yi 0,6; and 50 other 3%
languages: Mandarin Chinese (Putonghua), other Chinese dialects (Cantonese), 55 local dialects (Tibetan, Kazakh, Mongol etc.)
religious affiliation: Confucian 20%; Buddhist 8,5%; Taoist 2%; Muslim 1,4%; Christian 6?%; non religious 59%; traditional 10%
Health
daily food intake: 2972 calories per capita
population with access to safe water: 90% [FW 2000: 75%]
people per physician: 600 -1000
people per hospital bed: 424
Education, literacy
school enrolment: primary education 6-11 years: 100%
school enrolment: secondary education: 44% [DK: 63%]
school enrolment: tertiary education 20-24 years: 2% [DK: 7%]
adult literacy: 73 - 85% (male: 92%; female: 78%) [PG total: 70%]
 
Economy and infrastructure
 
Economy and trade
currency: Renminbi yuan (RMB.Y) = 10 jiao = 100 fen
annual inflation rate: 6 - 7%
population below poverty line: 4,6% [FW: 16%]
Gross Domestic Product: USD 361 per capita
GNI USD 840 - 960 per capita //; - [ppp: 3920 - 4520]
GDP growth: 9%
income: USD 370 - 620 per capita
import: USD 132083 per capita //; - export: USD 148780 per capita
trade: USD 137 per capita //; - or 44% of GDP
trade partners: US JP KR DE
human development index: 0,718 //; - position of the country in the world no.: 87
female labour force: 45%
unemployment: 3 - 4%
tourism: 37 - 50 million
Economic activities in agriculture, fisheries, industry, mining, services, energy
land use: arable land: 13,5% //; - grass land: 41,7% //; - wooded area: 16,6% //; - arid land and desert: %
agriculture: labour force: 74% [FW 2001: 45%] //; - part of agriculture in GDP: 27% [FW 2002: 15%]
agricultural products: fish, rice, timber, tobacco, maize, wheat, sorghum, barley, millet, cotton, potatoes, tea
livestock (million): asses: 9 / buffalo: 22 / camels: 0,3 / cattle: 105 / ducks: 661 / geese: 215 / goats: 148 / pigs: 465 / poultry: 4237 / sheep: 133
fish catch: 17240032 or 43100000 metric tonnes [difference due to the use of several sources]
industry: labour force: 14% [FW 2001: 17%] //; - part of industry in GDP: 42% [FW 2002: 51%]
industrial products: cement, forestry, textiles, iron & steel, bicycles, machine building, armaments
mining products: antimony, coal, gold, iron ore, manganese, natural gas & oil, phosphates, tungsten, salt, molybdenum, titanium, tin, lead, mercury
CO2 emission per capita: 2,5
services: labour force: 13% [FW 2001: 24%] //; - part of services in GDP: 31% [FW 2002: 34%]
energy use (kg per capita): 868
electricity use (per capita): 758
annual water use (per capita): 461
Traffic, communication
road network: 1,16 million km //; - of which paved: 22% [314204] //; - of which are motorways: 16314 km
vehicles: 1 - 7 per 1000 // international license plate: VRC
railways: 58656, 65000; or: 72900 km //; - railways passenger/km: 354570
navigable inland waterways: 110562 km
ownership telephone: 34 - 137 per 1000 // international dialling code: +86
ownership radio receivers: 178 - 335 per 1000
ownership tv-sets: 247 - 321 per 1000
newspaper circulation: 23 per 1000
persons per post office: 27790
personal computers: 17 per 1000
 
Some physical landmarks
 
mountains: Mount Everest 8848 m, Ch'aio-ko-li Feng (K2) 8611, Kamet 7756, Namjagbarwa Feng 7755
lowest point: Turpan Pendi 154 m below sea level
lakes (natural): Poyang Hu, Dongting Hu, Hongze Hu, Hulun Nur, Lop Nur, Qinghai Hu
lakes (artificial reservoirs): several
lakes (deepest):
rivers: Changjiang (Yang tze kiang) 6300 km, Huanghe 5464, Songhuajiang 2308,Zhujiang 2214, Amur, Xi jiang, Mekong, Salween, Brahmaputra
canals: Da Yunhe (Grand Canal)
waterfalls:
caves: longest system: / deepest:
islands: Hainan
deserts: Taklimakan Shamo
other natural features:
 
Additional remarks, especially on the statistical information
 
other important features:
apart from physical landmarks most of the above figures are changeable, in most cases they date from the 1990's
separate files with data exists for the SAR's Hong Kong and Macau
primary sources used for the general information:
BB CA DK EV FW PW WA WB WR, and some - local national or international - statistical yearbooks
particulars concerning population data:
 

top    To the page containing the population growth statistics of the country

next    To the page containing the historical population growth statistics of the provinces

down    To the page containing urban historical population statistics

back    Back to the homepage of this website: POPULATION STATISTICS


back     Internet website:
Embassy of China

back     Internet website:
National Bureau of Statistics


Latest modification of this page on 2004-12-27 by Jan Lahmeyer
1999/2004 "Populstat" website: Jan Lahmeyer