map of Brunei; source WR BRUNEI

general data of the country


 
General useful information
 
Note: some data are of constant value, while other are due to changes, fluctuations etc.
 
Nation and population
 
official name (short form): Brunei
country code ISO: BN [BRN] //; - FIPS: BX
location: Southeast Asia, on the North coast of the island of Borneo
time zone: +8 UT
surface (land) area: 5270 sq.km = 2034 sq.mi //; - area incl. inland waters: 5770 sq.km = 2228 sq.mi
geographical position in extreme co-ordinates: North: 5° N / South: 4° N / East: 115° E / West: 114° E
borders (land): Sarawak state of Malaysia
borders (coastline): South China Sea
climate: tropical
Government
independent since: 1984-01-01
type of government: sultanate
capital: Bandar Seri Begawan
administrative division: district (4)
Population
population according to the last two censuses: (1991): 260,482; (2001) 332,844
total population according to the estimate of midyear 2000: 336,376 //; or: 338,000; 2001: 344,000 //; or: 2002: 351,000
population density: 59 per sq.km = 153 per sq.mi
population growth: 1,6% //; - doubling time: 35 years
birth rate: 29 per 1000 [PG: 25]
death rate: 3 per 1000 {PG: 5]
fertility rate: 4 children per female
maternal mortality: per 100,000
infant mortality (in the first year of life): 6 per 1000
infant mortality (from 1st - 4th year of life): 6 - 7 per 1000
life expectancy: 72 years [FW 2002: 77] (male: 70; female: 73)
age breakdown: 0-14 years: 33% //; - 15-59 years: 61% //; - 60+ years: 6%
urbanisation: 72% //; - urbanisation growth: %
percentage of urban population in the greatest city: %
Ethnic composition, language, religion
ethnic groups: Malay 67%; Chinese 15% [FW:11%]; Indian 12%; other 6% (Kedayan, Tutong, Belait, Bisayam, Dusun, Murut ...)
languages: Malay, English, Chinese
religious affiliation: Sunnî Muslim 63%; Buddhist 14%; Christian 10% (mainly Roman Catholic); traditional beliefs
Health
daily food intake: 2851 calories per capita
population with access to safe water: %
people per physician: 1175 - 1500
people per hospital bed:
Education, literacy
school enrolment: primary education 6-11 years: 83%
school enrolment: secondary education: 43%
school enrolment: tertiary education 20-24 years: 13%
adult literacy: 88% (male: 93%; female: 83%) [later total figure found: 92% (m: 95; f: 88)]
 
Economy and infrastructure
 
Economy and trade
currency: Brunei dollar (ringgit) = 100 cents
annual inflation rate: 1%
population below poverty line: %
Gross Domestic Product: USD 24630 per capita
GNI USD 17400 per capita //; - [ppp: ]
GDP growth: -0,7%
income: USD 6000 - 14500 per capita
import: USD 1820 per capita //; - export: USD 2094 per capita
trade: USD 11100 per capita //; - or 75% of GDP
trade partners: JP SG TH US GB KR MY AU
human development index: 0,857 //; - position of the country in the world no.: 32
female labour force: 36%
unemployment: 5%
tourism: 0,964 million
Economic activities in agriculture, fisheries, industry, mining, services, energy
land use: arable land: 1% //; - grass land: 1% //; - wooded area: 43% //; - arid land and desert: %
agriculture: labour force: 4% [PG: 2%] //; - part of agriculture in GDP: 2%
agricultural products: vegetables, melons, cassava, rice, pineapples, bananas
livestock (1000s): asses: / buffalo: 5 - 7 / cattle: 2,2 / ducks: 60 / goats: 3,5-5 / pigs: 5,5 / poultry: 3000-12500 / sheep:
fish catch: 2594 - 3186 metric tonnes
industry: labour force: 9% [PG: 22%] //; - part of industry in GDP: 45%
industrial products: petrochemicals
mining products: natural oil and gas
CO2 emission per capita: 17,1
services: labour force: 87% [PG: 76%] //; - part of services in GDP: 53%
energy use (kg per capita): 4341
electricity use (per capita): 7124
annual water use (per capita):
Traffic, communication
road network: 2457-2525 km //; - of which paved: 59% //; - of which are motorways: 0 km
vehicles: 550 per 1000 // international license plate: BRU
railways: 13 - 19 km //; - railways passenger/km: ?
navigable inland waterways: 209 km
ownership telephone: 126 - 259 per 1000 // international dialling code: +673
ownership radio receivers: 302 - 417 per 1000
ownership tv-sets: 308 - 638 per 1000
newspaper circulation: 71 per 1000
persons per post office: 48700
personal computers: 70 per 1000
 
Some physical landmarks
 
mountains: Bukit Pagon 1618 m
lowest point: sea level
lakes (natural): unknown
lakes (artificial reservoirs): unknown
lakes (deepest): unknown
rivers: Belait, Tutong, Temburong
canals: unknown
waterfalls: unknown
caves: longest system: unknown / deepest:
islands: Pulau Muara Besar
deserts: none
other natural features:
 
Additional remarks, especially on the statistical information
 
other important features:
apart from physical landmarks most of the above figures are changeable, in most cases they date from the 1990's
 
primary sources used for the general information:
BB CA DK EV FW PW WA WB WR, and some - local national or international - statistical yearbooks
particulars concerning population data:
 

top    To the page containing the population growth statistics of the country

next    To the page containing the historical population growth statistics of the provinces

down    To the page containing urban historical population statistics

back    Back to the homepage of this website: POPULATION STATISTICS


back     Internet website:
Official site of Brunei

back     Internet website:
Governmental site of Brunei


Latest modification of this page on 2004-12-21 by Jan Lahmeyer
1999/2004 "Populstat" website: Jan Lahmeyer