map of Afghanistan: source WR AFGHANISTAN

general data of the country


 
General useful information
 
Note: some data are of constant value, while other are due to changes, fluctuations etc.
 
Nation and population
 
official name (short form): Afgânistân ; Afghânestân ; Afqânestân
country code ISO: AF [AFG] //; - FIPS: AF
location: SW Asia, NW of the Indian subcontinent
time zone: +4:30 UT
surface (land area): 652225 sq.km = 251825 sq.mi
geographical position in extreme co-ordinates: North: 39° N / South: 29° N / East: 75° E / West: 61° E
borders (land): Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, China, India, Pakistan, Iran
borders (coastline): none
climate: arid, harsh continental
Government
independent since: 1919-08-08
type of government: republic (from 1989-2002 fundamental Islamic state)
capital: Kâbol (Kabul)
administrative division: region (8) ; province (32)
Population
population according to the latest census (1979): 13051,358
total population according to the estimate of midyear 2000: 25838,797; or: 26550,000 // 2002: 27997,000
population density: 43 per sq.km = 111 per sq.mi
population growth: 2,4% //; - doubling time: 24 years
birth rate: 43 per 1000
death rate: 19 per 1000
fertility rate: 7 children per female
maternal mortality: 257-690 per 100,000
infant mortality (in the first year of life): 257 per 1000
infant mortality (from 1st - 4th year of life): 144 - 165 per 1000
life expectancy: 46 year (male: 46; female: 45)
age groups: 0-14 years: 44% //; - 15-59 years: 51% //; - 60+ years : 5%
urbanisation: 22% //; - urbanisation growth: 6%
percentage of urban population in the greatest city: 17%
Ethnic composition, language, religion
ethnic groups: Pashtun 38%, Tajik 25%, Hazara 19%, Uzbek 6%, Turkmen 2%, Chahar Aimak, Nuristani, Balochî, a.o.
languages: Pashtu, Dari (=Farsi) among which: Hazara, Tajik, Uzbek, Turkmen
religious affiliation: Sunnî Muslim 84%; Shî'î Muslim 15%; other 1%
Health
daily food intake: calories per capita
population with access to safe water: 13%
people per physician: 9090
people per hospital bed: 2945
Education, literacy
school enrolment: primary education 6-11 years: 22%
school enrolment: secondary education: 7%
school enrolment: tertiary education 20-24 years: 1%
adult literacy: 37% [PG: 29%] (male: 51%; female: 21%)
 
Economy and infrastructure
 
Economy and trade
currency: 1 Afghani (Af) = 100 puls [puli]
annual inflation rate: 14% [57%]
population below poverty line: %
Gross Domestic Product: 280 USD per capita
GNI USD per capita //; - [ppp: ]
GDP growth: 6?%
income: 300 - 450 USD per capita
import: USD 600 per capita //; - export: 200 USD per capita
trade: 48 - 73 USD per capita //; - or % of GDP
trade partners: RU JP SG CH BE PK IN DE GB US KR FI
human development index: //; - position of the country in the world no.:
female labour force: 36%
unemployment: 8%
tourism: 0,004 million
Economic activities in agriculture, fisheries, industry, mining, services, energy
land use: arable land: 12,5% //; - grass land: 46% //; - wooded area: 4% //; - arid land and desert: 35%
agriculture: labour force: 67% [PG: 61%] //; - part of agriculture in GDP: 52%
agricultural products: dried fruits and nuts, carpets, rugs, cotton, karakul wool and hides
livestock (million): asses: / camels: 0,3 / cattle: 1,5 / goats: 5 / horses: 0,3 / poultry: 7 / sheep: 11-14
fish catch: 1200 metric tonnes
industry: labour force: 6% [PG: 14%] //; - part of industry in GDP: 33%
industrial products: food products, leather and fur products, textiles
mining products: salt, copper, gypsum, barite, natural gas, coal, talc, lapislazuli
CO2 emission per capita: 0,0
services: labour force: 27% [PG: 25%] //; - part of services in GDP: 15%
energy use (kg per capita): 27?; 745?
electricity use (per capita): 38
annual water use (per capita): 1830
Traffic, communication
road network: 21000 km //; - of which paved: 13,3% //; - of which are motorways: 0 km
vehicles: 2 per 1000 // international license plate: AFG
railways: 25 km //; - railways passenger/km: ?
navigable inland waterways: 1200 km
ownership telephone: 1 per 1000 // international dialling code: +93
ownership radio receivers: 132 per 1000
ownership tv -: 12 per 1000
newspaper circulation: 11 per 1000
persons per post office: 61300
personal computers: ? per 1000
 
Some physical landmarks
 
mountains: Istoro Nal 7455 m, Sad Istragh 7037, Shah Fuladi 5143, Sikaram 4760, Koh-i-Qaisar 4148
lowest point: Sistan 457 m in the sw corner of prov. Neemroze; and northwestern corner of prov. Jawzjan
lakes (natural): Hamun-e-Saberi
lakes (artificial reservoirs): none, or unknown
lakes (deepest): unknown
rivers: Amu Darya, Hari Rud, Helmand, Khash Rud, Farah Rud, Balkhab, Surkhab
canals: none, or unknown
waterfalls: none, or unknown
caves: longest system: none, or unknown / deepest:
islands: none
deserts: Rigestan (Registan)
other natural features:
 
Additional remarks, especially on the statistical information
 
other important features:
apart from physical landmarks most of the above figures are changeable, in most cases they date from the 1990's
most figures are unreliable estimates, due to the instable situation of this country during the 1990's
primary sources used for the general information:
BB CA EV FW PW WA WB WR, and some - local national or international - statistical yearbooks
particulars concerning population data:
recent reliable figures are not available

top    To the page containing the population growth statistics of the country

next    To the page containing the historical population growth statistics of the administrative division

down    To the page containing urban historical population statistics

back    Back to the homepage of this website: POPULATION STATISTICS


back     Internet website:
Afghan Info Center

back     Internet website:
Afghan Web


Latest modification of this page on 2004-12-20 by Jan Lahmeyer
1999/2004 "Populstat" website: Jan Lahmeyer