map of Trinidad and Tobago; source WR TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO

general data of the country


 
General useful information
 
Note: some data are of constant value, while other are due to changes, fluctuations etc.
 
Nation and population
official name (short form): Trinidad & Tobago
country code ISO: TT //; - FIPS: TD
location: West Indies, Caribbean, Northern South America
time zone: -4 UT
surface (land) area: 5128 sq.km = 1980 sq.mi //; - area incl. inland waters: sq.km = sq.mi
geographical position in extreme co-ordinates: North: 12° N / South: 10° N / East: 60° W / West: 62° W
borders (land): none
borders (coastline): Caribbean Sea, Atlantic Ocean
climate: tropical Caribbean
Government
independent since: 1962-08-31
type of government: republic
capital: Port-of-Spain
administrative division: county (6) , city (2), borough (3), unitary state (1: Tobago)
Population
population according to the latest census (1990): 1234,388
total population according to the estimate of midyear 2000: 1175,543; or: 1301,000 /-; 2001: 1196,682; or: 1300,000
population density: 229 per sq.km = 594 per sq.mi
population growth: 1,5% //; - doubling time: 71 years
birth rate: 14 - 17 per 1000
death rate: 7 - 9 per 1000
fertility rate: 2 - 3 children per female
maternal mortality: 54 per 100,000
infant mortality (1-4 years): 18 per 1000
life expectancy: 70 years (male: 66; female: 71)
age breakdown: 0-14 years: 34% //; - 15-59 years: 58% //; - 60+ years: 8%
urbanisation: 74% //; - urbanisation growth: 1%
percentage of urban population in the greatest city: %
Ethnic composition, language, religion
ethnic groups: East Indian 40,3%; black 39,6%; mixed 18,4%; white 0,6%; Chinese 0,4%
languages: English (official); Hindi, French, Spanish
religious affiliation: Christian 59% (Roman Catholic 29%, Protestant 19%, Anglican 11%); Hindu 24%; Muslim 6%; other 11%
Health
daily food intake: 2711 calories per capita
population with access to safe water: 82 - 86%
people per physician: 1080
people per hospital bed: 289
Education, literacy
school enrolment: primary education 6-11 years: 96%
school enrolment: secondary education: 56%
school enrolment: tertiary education 20-24 years: 1%
adult literacy: 98% (male: %; female: %)
 
Economy and infrastructure
 
Economy and trade
currency: Trinidad and Tobago dollar = 100 cents
annual inflation rate: 6%
population below poverty line: 21%
Gross Domestic Product: USD 3740 per capita
GNI USD 4930 per capita //; - [ppp: 8220]
GDP growth: 2%
income: USD 3620 per capita
import: USD 1136 per capita //; - export: USD 1960 per capita
trade: USD 2902 per capita //; - or 107% of GDP
trade partners: US JM JP GB CA BB
human development index: 0,798 //; - position of the country in the world no.: 49
female labour force: 37%
unemployment: 12,5%
tourism: 0,3 million
Economic activities in agriculture, fisheries, industry, mining, services, energy
land use: arable land: 23% //; - grass land: 2% //; - wooded area: 43% //; - arid land and desert: %
agriculture: labour force: 12% //; - part of agriculture in GDP: 3%
agricultural products: sugarcane, coconuts, oranges, rice, grapefruit & pomelo, bananas, maize, cucumbers, cocoa, rice
livestock (1000s): buffalo 5 / cattle: 35 / goats: 59 / horses: 5 / pigs: 41 / poultry: 11500 / sheep: 12
fish catch: 15000 metric tonnes
industry: labour force: 15% //; - part of industry in GDP: 39%
industrial products: nitrogennous fertilizers, methanol, steel billets, cement, steel wire, raw sugar, chemicals
mining products: natural asphalt, natural oil & gas
CO2 emission per capita: 17,4
services: labour force: 73% //; - part of services in GDP: 58%
energy use (kg per capita): 6205
electricity use (per capita): 3527
annual water use (per capita): 148
Traffic, communication
road network: 8160, or 8320 km //; - of which paved: 51% //; - of which are motorways: 50 km
vehicles: 188 per 1000
railways: 0 km //; - railways passenger/km: -
navigable inland waterways: 0 km
ownership telephone: 166 - 216 per 1000
ownership radio receivers: 433 - 533 per 1000
ownership tv-sets: 198 - 337 per 1000
newspaper circulation: 135 per 1000
persons per post office: 5190
personal computers: 62 per 1000
 
Some physical landmarks
 
mountains: El Cerro del Aripo 940 m, El Tucuche 936; on Tobago: nameless peak in Main Ridge 594
lowest point: sea level
lakes (natural): some small lakes
lakes (artificial reservoirs): a few ones, no details available
lakes (deepest): unknown
rivers: Caroni, Ortoire, Oropuche
canals: none, or unknown
waterfalls: none, or unknown
caves: longest system: none, or unknown / deepest:
islands: apart from Trinidad and Tobago: Monos, Chacachacare, Little Tobago, St. Giles Isl.
deserts: none
other natural features:
 
Additional remarks, especially on the statistical information
 
other important features:
apart from physical landmarks most of the above figures are changeable, in most cases they date from the 1990's
 
primary sources used for the general information:
BB CA EV PW WA WB WR, and some national statistical yearbooks
particulars concerning population data:
 

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Latest modification of this page on 2004-03-12 by Jan Lahmeyer
1999/2004 "populstat" site: Jan Lahmeyer