map of SURINAME SURINAME

general data of the country


 
General useful information
 
Note: some data are of constant value, while other are due to changes, fluctuations etc.
 
Nation and population
official name (short form): Suriname
country code ISO: SR //; - FIPS: NS
location: Northern South America
time zone: -3 UT
surface (land) area: 163280 sq.km = 63251 sq.mi //; - area incl. inland waters: sq.km = sq.mi
geographical position in extreme co-ordinates: North: 6° N / South: 2° N / East: 54° W / West: 58° W
borders (land): French Guiana, Brazil, Guyana
borders (coastline): Atlantic Ocean
climate: humid tropical, cooled by the trade winds
Government
independent since: 1975-11-25
type of government: republic
capital: Paramaribo
administrative division: district (9) + town district (1)
Population
population according to the latest census (1980): 354,860; or 355,240
total population according to the estimate of midyear 2000: 431,303; or: 417,000 /-; 2001: 433,998; or: 420,000
population density: 2,6 per sq.km = 6.8 per sq.mi
population growth: 1% //; - doubling time: 37 years
birth rate: 21 - 24 per 1000
death rate: 6 per 1000
fertility rate: 3 children per female
maternal mortality: per 100,000
infant mortality (1-4 years): 28 per 1000
life expectancy: 71 years (male: 69; female: 74)
age breakdown: 0-14 years: 34% //; - 15-59 years: 59% //; - 60+ years: 7%
urbanisation: 74% //; - urbanisation growth: %
percentage of urban population in the greatest city: 80%
Ethnic composition, language, religion
ethnic groups: Suriname Creole 35%; Indo-Pakistani/Hindustani 33%; Javanese 16%; Bosnegers (Bush Negro) 10%; Amerindian 3%; Chinese 2%; European 1%
languages: Dutch (official); Sranan Tongo, English, Hindustani (Sarnami)
religious affiliation: Hindu 27%; Roman Catholic 21%; Muslim 20%; Protestant (Moravian) 16%; other 15%
Health
daily food intake: 2633 calories per capita
population with access to safe water: 72 - 95%
people per physician: 2518
people per hospital bed: 288
Education, literacy
school enrolment: primary education 6-11 years: %
school enrolment: secondary education: %
school enrolment: tertiary education 20-24 years: %
adult literacy: 93% (male: %; female: %)
 
Economy and infrastructure
 
Economy and trade
currency: Surinam dollar = 100 cents [prior to 2004: Surinaamse gulden]
annual inflation rate: 88%
population below poverty line: %
Gross Domestic Product: USD 870 per capita
GNI USD 1890 per capita //; - [ppp: 3480]
GDP growth: 3%
income: USD 3610 per capita
import: USD 640 per capita //; - export: USD 357 per capita
trade: USD 2100 per capita //; - or 116% of GDP
trade partners: US NL NA NO TT JP
human development index: 0,758 //; - position of the country in the world no.: 64
female labour force: 36%
unemployment: %
tourism: 0,06 million
Economic activities in agriculture, fisheries, industry, mining, services, energy
land use: arable land: 0,4% //; - grass land: 0,1% //; - wooded area: 96,2% //; - arid land and desert: %
agriculture: labour force: 20% //; - part of agriculture in GDP: 11%
agricultural products: rice, sugarcane, bananas, plantains, oranges, coconuts, watermelons, cassava, palm kernels
livestock (1000's): buffalo: 1 / cattle: 130 / goats: 7-12 / pigs: 22-32 / poultry: 2900 / sheep: 7-12
fish catch: 13000 metric tonnes
industry: labour force: 20% //; - part of industry in GDP: 26%
industrial products: food processing, chemicals, pottery & earthenware, wood products, aluminium
mining products: kaolin, bauxite, iron, manganese, copper, nickel, platinum, gold
CO2 emission per capita: 5,2
services: labour force: 60% //; - part of services in GDP: 63%
energy use (kg per capita): 1926
electricity use (per capita):
annual water use (per capita): 1189
Traffic, communication
road network: 4470, or: 9153 km //; - of which paved: 26% //; - of which are motorways: 0 km
vehicles: 92 per 1000
railways: 157, or 301 km //; - railways passenger/km: ?
navigable inland waterways: 1200, or 5029 km
ownership telephone: 123 - 171 per 1000
ownership radio receivers: 609 - 728 per 1000
ownership tv-sets: 146 - 186 per 1000
newspaper circulation: 103 per 1000
persons per post office:
personal computers: per 1000
 
Some physical landmarks
 
mountains: Juliana Top 1230 m; two nameless peaks of 1132 and 1027; Tafelberg 1026, Hendrik Top 975
lowest point: sea level
lakes (natural): none, or unknown
lakes (artificial reservoirs): Kabelebo, Prof. Dr. Ir. W.J. van Blommesteinmeer
lakes (deepest): unknown
rivers: Corantijn, Coppename, Saramacca, Suriname, Commewijne, Marowijne
canals: none, or unknown
waterfalls: none, or unknown
caves: longest system: none, or unknown / deepest:
islands: none, or unknown
deserts: none
other natural features:
 
Additional remarks, especially on the statistical information
 
other important features:
apart from physical landmarks most of the above figures are changeable, in most cases they date from the 1990's
 
primary sources used for the general information:
BB CA EV PW WA WB WR, and some national statistical yearbooks
particulars concerning population data:
 

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Latest modification of this page on 2004-03-08 by Jan Lahmeyer
1999/2004 "populstat" site: Jan Lahmeyer