map of Peru; source: WR PERU

general data of the country


 
General useful information
 
Note: some data are of constant value, while other are due to changes, fluctuations etc.
 
Nation and population
official name (short form): Perú
country code ISO: PE //; - FIPS: PE
location: Western South America
time zone: -5 UT
surface (land) area: 1285216 sq.km = 496225 sq.mi //; - area incl. inland waters: sq.km = sq.mi
geographical position in extreme co-ordinates: North: 0° S / South: 18° S / East: 69° W / West: 81° W
borders (land): Ecuador, Colombia, Brazil, Bolivia, Chile
borders (coastline): Pacific Ocean
climate: mainly tropical, with several distinct regions with variations in humidity and depending on altitude
Government
independent since: 1821-07-28 ; 1824
type of government: republic
capital: Lima
administrative division: departamento (25)
Population
population according to the latest census (1993): 22048,356, or: 22639,443
total population according to the estimate of midyear 2000: 27012,899; or: 25661,000 /-; 2001: 26347,000, or: 274483,864
population density: 21 per sq.km = 54 per sq.mi
population growth: 2% //; - doubling time: 34 years
birth rate: 24 - 28 per 1000
death rate: 6 -7 per 1000
fertility rate: 3, 5 children per female
maternal mortality: 58,6 per 100,000
infant mortality (1-4 years): 76 per 1000
life expectancy: 70 years (male: 68; female: 73)
age breakdown: 0-14 years: 38% //; - 15-59 years: 57% //; - 60+ years: 6%
urbanisation: 73% //; - urbanisation growth: 4%
percentage of urban population in the greatest city: 40%
Ethnic composition, language, religion
ethnic groups: Quechua 47%; mestizo 32%; white/creole 12%; Aymara 5%; other Amerindian 2%; other 2%
languages: Spanish, Quechua (both official); Aymara
religious affiliation: Roman Catholic 89,2%; Protestant 6,6%; other 4,2%
Health
daily food intake: 2420 calories per capita
population with access to safe water: 48%
people per physician: 1040
people per hospital bed:
Education, literacy
school enrolment: primary education 6-11 years: 97%
school enrolment: secondary education: 65%
school enrolment: tertiary education 20-24 years: 26%
adult literacy: 87 - 90% (male: 93%; female: 82%)
 
Economy and infrastructure
 
Economy and trade
currency: Nuevo sol = 100 centimos
annual inflation rate: 27%
population below poverty line: 49%
Gross Domestic Product: USD 2040 per capita
GNI USD 2080 per capita //; - [ppp: 4660]
GDP growth: 3%
income: USD 1020 per capita
import: USD 9224 per capita //; - export: USD 5575 per capita
trade: USD 288 per capita //; - or 30% of GDP
trade partners: US DE IT JP AR GB CO CN
human development index: 0,743 //; - position of the country in the world no.: 73
female labour force: 31%
unemployment: 7%
tourism: 1 million
Economic activities in agriculture, fisheries, industry, mining, services, energy
land use: arable land: 3% //; - grass land: 21% //; - wooded area: 53% //; - arid land and desert: ca 15%
agriculture: labour force: 35% //; - part of agriculture in GDP: 8%
agricultural products: cotton, fish products, sugar, cocoa, coffee, rice
livestock (million): asses: 0,6 / cattle: 4,9 / goats: 2 / horses: 0,7 / lama's: / mules: 0,3 / pigs: 2,8 / poultry: 92 / sheep: 14,7
fish catch: 7880000 - 8429290 metric tonnes
industry: labour force: 12% //; - part of industry in GDP: 30%
industrial products: processed foods, metal, chemicals, wood products, textiles
mining products: copper, silver, zinc, iron ore, lead, crude oil, gold
CO2 emission per capita: 1,1
services: labour force: 53% //; - part of services in GDP: 62%
energy use (kg per capita): 519
electricity use (per capita): 654
annual water use (per capita): 300
Traffic, communication
road network: 78310 km //; - of which paved: 11% //; - of which are motorways: 2495 km [Pan American Highway]
vehicles: 17 per 1000
railways: 1903, or 2399 km //; - railways passenger/km: 165
navigable inland waterways: 8600 km
ownership telephone: 47 - 67 per 1000
ownership radio receivers: 225 - 273 per 1000
ownership tv-sets: 85 - 147 per 1000
newspaper circulation: 86 per 1000
persons per post office: 28100
personal computers: 41 per 1000
 
Some physical landmarks
 
mountains: Nevado Huascarán 6768 m, Yerupaja 6634, Coropuna 6425, Ampato 6310, Chachani 6075, Volcán Misti 5822
lowest point: sea level
lakes (natural): Lago Titicaca (3810 m above sea-level; the eastern part belongs to Bolivia), Lago di Junín
lakes (artificial reservoirs): none, or unknown
lakes (deepest): unknown
rivers: tributaries to Amazonas: Apurímac, Urubamba, Ucayali, Marañón, Napo, Putumayo; smaller rivers flowing into the Pacific
canals: none, or unknown
waterfalls: none, or unknown
caves: longest system: none, or unknown / deepest:
islands: none
deserts: an arid coastal region, mainly near Ica
other natural features:
 
Additional remarks, especially on the statistical information
 
other important features:
apart from physical landmarks most of the above figures are changeable, in most cases they date from the 1990's
 
primary sources used for the general information:
BB CA EV PW WA WB WR, and some national statistical yearbooks
particulars concerning population data:
 

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Latest modification of this page on 2004-03-01 by Jan Lahmeyer
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