map of Panama; source: WR PANAMA

general data of the country


 
General useful information
 
Note: some data are of constant value, while other are due to changes, fluctuations etc.
 
Nation and population
official name (short form): Panamá
country code ISO: PA //; - FIPS: PM
location: Central America
time zone: -5 UT
surface (land) area: 75517 sq.km = 29157 sq.mi //; - area incl. inland waters: 77873 sq.km = 30067 sq.mi
geographical position in extreme co-ordinates: North: 09°38'46" N / South: 07°12'07" N / East: 77°09'24" W / West: 83°03'07" W
borders (land): Costa Rica, Colombia
borders (coastline + length): Caribbean Sea (part of Atlantic Ocean) 1287,7 km; and Pacific Ocean 1700,6 km; total 2988,3 km
climate: tropical
Government
independent since: 1903-11-03
type of government: republic
capital: Cuidad de Panamá (Panama City)
administrative division: provincia (9) + comarca (=special territory, 1)
Population
population according to the latest census (2000): 2696,800
total population according to the estimate of midyear 2000: 2808,268; or: 2856,000 /-; 2001: 2869,000
population density: 36 per sq.km = 93 per sq.mi
population growth: 1,8% //; - doubling time: 39 years
birth rate: 19 - 24 per 1000
death rate: 5 per 1000
fertility rate: 3 children per female
maternal mortality: 57 per 100,000
infant mortality (1-4 years): 30 per 1000
life expectancy: 76 years (male: 73; female: 79)
age breakdown: 0-14 years: 35% //; - 15-59 years: 58% //; - 60+ years: 7%
urbanisation: 56% //; - urbanisation growth: 4%
percentage of urban population in the greatest city: 66%
Ethnic composition, language, religion
ethnic groups: mestizo 64%; black & mulatto 14%; white 10%; Amerindian 8%; Asian (predominantly Chinese) 4%
languages: Spanish (official); English
religious affiliation: Roman Catholic 80%; Protestant (predominantly Evangelical) 14%; Muslim 5%; Baha'i 1%
Health
daily food intake: 2476 calories per capita
population with access to safe water: 84%
people per physician: 772
people per hospital bed: 373
Education, literacy
school enrolment: primary education 6-11 years: 100%
school enrolment: secondary education: 66%
school enrolment: tertiary education 20-24 years: 20%
adult literacy: 92% (male: %; female: %)
 
Economy and infrastructure
 
Economy and trade
currency: Balboa = 100 centesimos
annual inflation rate: 2%
population below poverty line: 37%
Gross Domestic Product: USD 7168 per capita
GNI USD 3260 per capita //; - [ppp: 5680]
GDP growth: 2%
income: USD 2180 per capita
import: USD 3799 per capita //; - export: USD 1203 per capita
trade: USD 825 per capita //; - or 43% of GDP
trade partners: US CR EC JP BE DE VE
human development index: 0,784 //; - position of the country in the world no.: 52
female labour force: 35%
unemployment: 12%
tourism: 0,5 million
Economic activities in agriculture, fisheries, industry, mining, services, energy
land use: arable land: 9% //; - grass land: 21% //; - wooded area: 43% //; - arid land and desert: %
agriculture: labour force: 25% //; - part of agriculture in GDP: 10%
agricultural products: sugarcane, bananas, rice, plantains, maize, oranges, pineapples, shrimps, coffee
livestock (1000s): asses: 50 / cattle: 1362 / goats: 5 / horses: 166 / mules: 4 / pigs: 279 / poultry: 11790-13325
fish catch: 120498 - 168718 metric tonnes
industry: labour force: 10% //; - part of industry in GDP: 11%
industrial products: food products, beverages, refined petroleum, cement, construction
mining products: copper, coal, limestone, gold
CO2 emission per capita: 2,1
services: labour force: 65% //; - part of services in GDP: 79%
energy use (kg per capita): 835
electricity use (per capita): 1310
annual water use (per capita): 754
Traffic, communication
road network: 10100-11301 km //; - of which paved: 35% //; - of which are motorways: 545 km [Pan American Highway]
vehicles: 57 per 1000
railways: 354, or 737 km //; - railways passenger/km: ?
navigable inland waterways: 800 km
ownership telephone: 116 -164 per 1000
ownership radio receivers: 200 - 299 per 1000
ownership tv-sets: 192 - 229 per 1000
newspaper circulation: 62 per 1000
persons per post office: 7670
personal computers: 37 per 1000
 
Some physical landmarks
 
mountains: Barú (formerly Chiriquí) 3475 m, Cerro Fábrega 3335, C. Itamut 3279, C. Echandi 3162,C. Picacho 2986, C. Santiago 2826, C. Chorcha 2238
lowest point: sea level
lakes (natural): Lago Gatún, Lago Bayano, Lago Alajuela
lakes (artificial reservoirs): none, or unknown
lakes (deepest): unknown
rivers: Chucunaque 231 km, Tuira 230, Bayano 106, Santa Maria 173, Balsas 152, Chiriquí Viejo 128, Chagres 125, La Villa 119, Changuinola 118
canals: Panama Canal 84 km
waterfalls: none, or unknown
caves: longest system: none, or unknown / deepest:
islands: Archipelago de las Perlas, Archipelago de Bocas del Toro, Isla de Coiba 493 sq.km, Isla Del Rey 234
deserts: none
other natural features:
 
Additional remarks, especially on the statistical information
 
other important features:
apart from physical landmarks most of the above figures are changeable, in most cases they date from the 1990's
 
primary sources used for the general information:
BB CA EV PW WA WB WR, and some national statistical yearbooks
particulars concerning population data:
 

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Latest modification of this page on 2004-03-01 by Jan Lahmeyer
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