map of Nicaragua; source: WR NICARAGUA

general data of the country


 
General useful information
 
Note: some data are of constant value, while other are due to changes, fluctuations etc.
 
Nation and population
official name (short form): Nicaragua
country code ISO: NI //; - FIPS: NU
location: Central America
time zone: -6 UT
surface (land) area: 130000 sq.km = 50193 sq.mi //; - area incl. inland waters: sq.km = sq.mi
geographical position in extreme co-ordinates: North: 15° N / South: 11° N / East: 83° W / West: 88° W
borders (land): Honduras, Costa Rica
borders (coastline): Caribbean Sea (Atlantic Ocean), Pacific Ocean
climate: tropical
Government
independent since: 1838-04-30
type of government: republic
capital: Managua
administrative division: departamento (16)
Population
population according to the last two censuses: (1971): 1877,952; (1995): 4357,099
total population according to the estimate of midyear 2000: 4812,569; or: 5071,000 /-; 2001: 5208,000
population density: 37 per sq.km = 96 per sq.mi
population growth: 2,9% //; - doubling time: 25 years
birth rate: 28 - 35 per 1000
death rate: 5 -6 per 1000
fertility rate: 5 children per female
maternal mortality: 47 per 100,000
infant mortality (1-4 years): 48 per 1000
life expectancy: 69 years (male: 67; female: 71)
age breakdown: 0-14 years: 46% //; - 15-59 years: 50% //; - 60+ years: 4%
urbanisation: 56% //; - urbanisation growth: 5%
percentage of urban population in the greatest city: 47%
Ethnic composition, language, religion
ethnic groups: Mestizo 69%; white 17%; black 9%; Amerindian 5%
languages: Spanish (official); Indian, Creole, Chibcha
religious affiliation: Roman Catholic 73%; other (mostly Baptist, Moravian and Pentecostal) 17%; other: 10%
Health
daily food intake: 2208 calories per capita
population with access to safe water: 81%
people per physician: 1566
people per hospital bed:
Education, literacy
school enrolment: primary education 6-11 years: 85%
school enrolment: secondary education: 27%
school enrolment: tertiary education 20-24 years: 1%
adult literacy: 66% (male: %; female: %)
 
Economy and infrastructure
 
Economy and trade
currency: Córdoba oro = 100 centavos
annual inflation rate: 33,5%
population below poverty line: 50%
Gross Domestic Product: USD 2000 per capita
GNI USD 400 per capita //; - [ppp: 2080]
GDP growth: 0,6%
income: USD 340 per capita
import: USD 1009 per capita //; - export: USD 509 per capita
trade: USD 349 per capita //; - or 101% of GDP
trade partners: CIS-countries CU FR ES JP DE US BE
human development index: 0,635 //; - position of the country in the world no.: 106
female labour force: 36%
unemployment: 10%
tourism: 0,5 million
Economic activities in agriculture, fisheries, industry, mining, services, energy
land use: arable land: 11% //; - grass land: 45% //; - wooded area: 28% //; - arid land and desert: %
agriculture: labour force: 47% //; - part of agriculture in GDP: 30%
agricultural products: coffee, beef, maize, milk, rice, sugarcane, beans, sorghum, shrimp, lobster, bananas, citrus
livestock (1000s): asses: 9 / cattle: 2050 / goats: 6 / horses: 246 / mules: 46 / pigs: 420 / poultry: 14000 / sheep: 4
fish catch: 16130 - 20569 metric tonnes
industry: labour force: 16% //; - part of industry in GDP: 23%
industrial products: food processing (meat, beverages, sugar, tobacco, fish), building materials, chemicals, textiles
mining products: gold, silver, lead, zinc, copper, tungsten
CO2 emission per capita: 0,7
services: labour force: 38% //; - part of services in GDP: 47%
energy use (kg per capita): 539
electricity use (per capita): 268
annual water use (per capita): 370
Traffic, communication
road network: 15287 km //; - of which paved: 11% //; - of which are motorways: 384 km [Pan American highway]
vehicles: 12 per 1000
railways: 287, or 321 km //; - railways passenger/km: 66
navigable inland waterways: 2220 km
ownership telephone: 23 - 30 per 1000
ownership radio receivers: 222 - 285 per 1000
ownership tv-sets: 48 - 190 per 1000
newspaper circulation: 30 per 1000
persons per post office: 21600
personal computers: 9 per 1000
 
Some physical landmarks
 
mountains: Pico Mogotón 2103 m, Kilambe 1750, Volcán San Cristóbal 1745
lowest point: sea level
lakes (natural): Lago de Nicaragua, Lago de Managua
lakes (artificial reservoirs): none, or unknown
lakes (deepest): unknown
rivers: Coc(c)o, Río Grande de Matagalpa, San Juan
canals: none, or unknown
waterfalls: none, or unknown
caves: longest system: none, or unknown / deepest:
islands: Islas Maíz, Cayos Miskitos, Isla de Omotepe, Isla Zapatera
deserts: none
other natural features:
 
Additional remarks, especially on the statistical information
 
other important features:
apart from physical landmarks most of the above figures are changeable, in most cases they date from the 1990's
 
primary sources used for the general information:
BB CA EV PW WA WB WR, and some national statistical yearbooks
particulars concerning population data:
 

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Latest modification of this page on 2004-02-29 by Jan Lahmeyer
1999/2004 "populstat" site: Jan Lahmeyer