map of Mexico; source: WR MEXICO

general data of the country


 
General useful information
 
Note: some data are of constant value, while other are due to changes, fluctuations etc.
 
Nation and population
official name (short form): México
country code ISO: MX //; - FIPS: MX
location: Northern Central America
time zone: -6 to -8 UT* [*= applying daylight saving time]
surface (land) area: 1958201 sq.km = 756066 sq.mi //; - area incl. inland waters: sq.km = sq.mi
geographical position in extreme co-ordinates: North: 32°43'06" N / South: 14°32'27" N / East: 86°42'36" W / West: 118°27'24" W
borders (land): USA: 3152 km, Guatemala 956, Belize 193
borders (coastline): length in km: 11122 [Atlantic Ocean (Gulf of Mexico & Caribbean Sea): 3294 / Pacific Ocean: 7828]
climate: coastal regions: tropical; highlands: subtropical
Government
independent since: 1810-09-16 ; 1822 ; 1836
type of government: republic
capital: Ciudad de México (Mexico City)
administrative division: estado (31) + Distrito Federal (1)
Population
population according to the latest census (2000-02-14): 97483,412
total population according to the estimate of midyear 2000: 100349,766; or: 97966,000; 2001: 99043,000
population density: per 50 sq.km = per 130 sq.mi
population growth: 2% //; - doubling time: 30 years
birth rate: 17 - 23 per 1000
death rate: 5 - 6 per 1000
fertility rate: 3 children per female
maternal mortality: per 100,000
infant mortality (1-4 years): 36 per 1000
life expectancy: 72 years (male: 69; female: 75)
age breakdown: 0-14 years: 37% //; - 15-59 years: 57% //; - 60+ years: 6%
urbanisation: 74% //; - urbanisation growth: 3%
percentage of urban population in the greatest city: 16%
Ethnic composition, language, religion
ethnic groups: Mestizo 60%; Amerindian 30%; European 9%
languages: Spanish 92% (official); plus 59 native Amerindian dialects, among which Mayan dialects
religious affiliation: Roman Catholic 90%; Protestant 4%; non religious 4%; other Christian 2%
Health
daily food intake: 3144 calories per capita
population with access to safe water: 62%
people per physician: 613
people per hospital bed: 864
Education, literacy
school enrolment: primary education 6-11 years: 99%
school enrolment: secondary education: 53%
school enrolment: tertiary education 20-24 years: 15%
adult literacy: 87 - 91% (male: %; female: %)
 
Economy and infrastructure
 
Economy and trade
currency: Peso = 100 centavos
annual inflation rate: 19%
population below poverty line: 10%
Gross Domestic Product: USD 3320 per capita
GNI USD 5070 per capita //; - [ppp: 8790]
GDP growth: 1,4%
income: USD 2870 per capita
import: USD 73993 per capita //; - export: USD 79489 per capita
trade: USD 743 per capita //; - or 61% of GDP
trade partners: US JP GE FR CA ES
human development index: 0,79 //; - position of the country in the world no.: 51
female labour force: 31%
unemployment: 1,3%
tourism: 21 million
Economic activities in agriculture, fisheries, industry, mining, services, energy
land use: arable land: 13% //; - grass land: 39% //; - wooded area: 22% //; - arid land and desert: %
agriculture: labour force: 23% //; - part of agriculture in GDP: 9%
agricultural products: wheat, corn/maize, coffee, sorghum, sugar, cotton, rice, beans, soybeans
livestock (million): asses: 3 / cattle: 30 / goats: 9 / horses: 6 / mules 3 / pigs: 16 / poultry: 476 / sheep: 6 / turkeys: 6
fish catch: 1202200 - 1530000 metric tonnes
industry: labour force: 20% //; - part of industry in GDP: 30%
industrial products: oil refining, natural gas, mining, food & beverages, aluminium, vehicles, textiles, pottery, chemicals
mining products: silver, copper, sulphur, coal, lead, iron, gold, oil, natural gas, zinc
CO2 emission per capita: 3,9
services: labour force: 57% //; - part of services in GDP: 61%
energy use (kg per capita): 1543
electricity use (per capita): 1570
annual water use (per capita): 899
Traffic, communication
road network: 237000, or: 321586 km //; - of which paved: 33% //; - of which are motorways: 6740 km
vehicles: 69 per 1000
railways: 20366, or: 26595 km //; - railways passenger/km: 3833
navigable inland waterways: 2900 km
ownership telephone: 96 -112 per 1000
ownership radio receivers: 230 - 329 per 1000
ownership tv-sets: 192 - 272 per 1000
newspaper circulation: 113 per 1000
persons per post office: 12300
personal computers: 51 per 1000
 
Some physical landmarks
 
mountains: Citlaltépetl 5610 m (Pico de Orizaba), Popocatépetl 5452, Iztaccíhuatl 5286, Nevado de Toluca 4680, Malinche 4420
lowest point: sea level
lakes (natural): Lago de Chapala, Lago Cuitzeo, Lago de Pátzcuaro, Yuriria, Catemaco
lakes (artificial reservoirs): La Angostura, Nezahualcóyotl, Presa El Infiernillo, Chicoasén
lakes (deepest): unknown
rivers: Río Bravo (Grande) del Norte, Pánuco, Coatzacoalcos, Usumacinta, Grijalva, Balsas, Yaqui
canals: none, or unknown
waterfalls: El Salo 218 m
caves: longest system: none, or unknown / deepest:
islands: Isla Cozumel, Isla Ángel de la Guarda, Islas Marias
deserts: Sonora
other natural features:
 
Additional remarks, especially on the statistical information
 
other important features:
apart from physical landmarks most of the above figures are changeable, in most cases they date from the 1990's
 
primary sources used for the general information:
BB CA EV PW WA WB WR, and some national statistical yearbooks
particulars concerning population data:
 

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Latest modification of this page on 2004-02-26 by Jan Lahmeyer
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