map of Greenland GREENLAND

[Kalaallit Nunaat] :
general data of the country


 
General useful information
 
Note: some data are of constant value, while other are due to changes, fluctuations etc.
 
Nation and population
official name (short form): Grønland ; Kalaallit Nunaat
country code ISO: GL //; - FIPS: GL
location: Northeast North America, North Atlantic Ocean
time zone: -3 UT* [*= applying daylight saving time]
surface (land) area: 2175600 sq.km = 839999 sq.mi //; - area incl. inland waters: sq.km = sq.mi
geographical position in extreme co-ordinates: North: 84° N / South: 60° N / East: 12° W / West: 73° W
borders (land): none
borders (coastline): Arctic Ocean, Greenland Sea, Denmark Strait, Davis Strait, Baffin Bay
climate: arctic
Government
independent since: not yet
type of government: integral part within the Danish realm since 1953
capital: Nuuk (Godthåb)
administrative division: amt (3) into municipality (18)
Population
population according to the latest census (1996): 55,863
total population according to the estimate of midyear 2000: 56,309 // - ; 2001: 55,983
population density: 0,025 per sq.km = 0, 067 per sq.mi
population growth: 0,1% //; - doubling time: ca 60 years
birth rate: 22 per 1000
death rate: 8 per 1000
fertility rate: 2 children per female
maternal mortality: per 100,000
infant mortality (1-4 years): 27 per 1000
life expectancy: 65,5 years (male: 61; female: 68)
age breakdown: 0-14 years: 28% //; - 15-59 years: 64,5% //; - 60+ years: 7,5%
urbanisation: 81% //; - urbanisation growth: %
percentage of urban population in the greatest city: %
Ethnic composition, language, religion
ethnic groups: Greenlander (Inuit) 86%; Danish 14%
languages: Inuit dialects, Danish
religious affiliation: Lutheran 67%; other 33%
Health
daily food intake: calories per capita
population with access to safe water: %
people per physician:
people per hospital bed:
Education, literacy
school enrolment: primary education 6-11 years: %
school enrolment: secondary education: %
school enrolment: tertiary education 20-24 years: %
adult literacy: % (male: %; female: %)
 
Economy and infrastructure
 
Economy and trade
currency: Danish Kron = 100 øre
annual inflation rate: %
population below poverty line: %
Gross Domestic Product: USD 16650 per capita
GNI USD per capita //; - [ppp: ]
GDP growth: %
income: USD 6000 per capita
import: USD 421 per capita //; - export: USD 364 per capita
trade: USD per capita //; - or % of GDP
trade partners: DK
human development index: //; - position of the country in the world no.:
female labour force: 33%
unemployment: %
tourism: 0,2 million
Economic activities in agriculture, fisheries, industry, mining, services, energy
land use: arable land: 0% //; - grass land: 1% //; - wooded area: 0% //; - arid land and desert: %
agriculture: labour force: 15% //; - part of agriculture in GDP: 30%
agricultural products: fisheries
livestock (million): some sheep (22000) and reindeer (2600 - 5000), no further data available
fish catch: 120596 - 160253 metric tonnes
industry: labour force: 15% //; - part of industry in GDP: %
industrial products: fish canning
mining products: lead, zinc, uranium
CO2 emission per capita: 9,4
services: labour force: 70% //; - part of services in GDP: %
energy use (kg per capita):
electricity use (per capita):
annual water use (per capita):
Traffic, communication
road network: 80 - 150 km //; - of which paved: % //; - of which are motorways: 0 km
vehicles: 54 per 1000
railways: 0 km //; - railways passenger/km: -
navigable inland waterways: 0 km
ownership telephone: per 1000
ownership radio receivers: 374 per 1000
ownership tv-sets: per 1000
newspaper circulation: per 1000
persons per post office: 744
personal computers: per 1000
 
Some physical landmarks
 
mountains: Gunnbjørn(s) Fjeld 3700 m, Mont Forel 3360
lowest point: sea level
lakes (natural): none
lakes (artificial reservoirs): none
lakes (deepest): unknown
rivers: only some very small drainage rivers of no importance or unnamed in atlantes at the dsiposal of the compiler
canals: none
waterfalls: unknown
caves: longest system: unknown / deepest:
islands: Disko (Qeqertarsuaq), Qerqertag, Jens Munks ø
deserts: none
other natural features: maximum measured ice thickness: 3270 m
 
Additional remarks, especially on the statistical information
 
other important features:
apart from physical landmarks most of the above figures are changeable, in most cases they date from the 1990's
the largest known island in the world, 84% of its land is permanently ice-capped, average thickness 300 m
primary sources used for the general information:
BB CA EV PW WA WB WR, and some national statistical yearbooks
particulars concerning population data:
 

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Latest modification of this page on 2004-02-14 by Jan Lahmeyer
1999/2004 "populstat" site: Jan Lahmeyer