map of the Falkland Islands The FALKLAND ISLANDS

general data of the country

General useful information
Note: some data are of constant value, while other are due to changes, fluctuations etc.
Nation and population
official name (short form): Falkland Islands ; Islas Malvinas
country code ISO: FK //; - FIPS: FK
location: Southwestern Atlantic Ocean
time zone: -4 UT* [*= applying daylight saving time]
surface (land) area: 12173 = 4700 sq.mi //; - area incl. inland waters: = sq.mi
geographical position in extreme co-ordinates: North/South: 52° S / East/West: 59° W
borders (land): none
borders (coastline): Southwestern Atlantic Ocean
climate: cool maritime
independent since: not yet
type of government: dependent territory of the United Kingdom
capital: Stanley
administrative division: none
population according to the latest census (1996): 2,607
total population according to the estimate of midyear 2000: 2,826 ; 2001: 2,800
population density: 0,2 per = 0,6 per sq.mi
population growth: -0,4% // ; doubling time: not applicable; stable population
birth rate: 8 per 1000
death rate: 6 per 1000
fertility rate: children per female
maternal mortality: per 100,000
infant mortality (1-4 years): per 1000
life expectancy: years (male: ; female: )
age breakdown: 0-14 years: % //; - 15-59 years: % //; - 60+ years: %
urbanisation: 64% //; - urbanisation growth: %
percentage of urban population in the greatest city: 100%
Ethnic composition, language, religion
ethnic groups: English
languages: English
religious affiliation: Christian (predominantly Anglican, Protestant)
daily food intake: calories per capita
population with access to safe water: %
people per physician:
people per hospital bed:
Education, literacy
school enrolment: primary education 6-11 years: 100%
school enrolment: secondary education: %
school enrolment: tertiary education 20-24 years: %
adult literacy: 99% (male: %; female: %)
Economy and infrastructure
Economy and trade
currency: Falkland pound = 10 pence ; in parity with GB pound
annual inflation rate: %
population below poverty line: %
Gross Domestic Product: USD per capita
GNI USD per capita //; - [ppp: ]
GDP growth: %
income: USD per capita
import: USD 17000 per capita //; - export: USD 4200 per capita
trade: USD 14500 per capita //; - or % of GDP
trade partners: GB
human development index: //; - position of the country in the world no.:
female labour force: 43%
unemployment: %
tourism: known; amount is of no importance
Economic activities in agriculture, fisheries, industry, mining, services, energy
land use: arable land: % //; - grass land: 98% //; - wooded area: % //; - arid land and desert: %
agriculture: labour force: 95% //; - part of agriculture in GDP: %
agricultural products: wool, milk, mutton and lamb; fish (Patagonian toothfish, Patagonian squid)
livestock (1000s): cattle: 4,4 / goats: / horses: 1,3 / poultry: / sheep: 686 - 710
fish catch: 39146 metric tonnes
industry: labour force: 0% //; - part of industry in GDP: %
industrial products: wool spinning and knitting factory
mining products: none
CO2 emission per capita:
services: labour force: 5% //; - part of services in GDP: %
energy use (kg per capita):
electricity use (per capita):
annual water use (per capita):
Traffic, communication
road network: 81 km //; - of which paved: % //; - of which are motorways: 0 km
vehicles: 1250 per 1000
railways: 0 km //; - railways passenger/km: -
navigable inland waterways: 0 km
ownership telephone: 200 per 1000
ownership radio receivers: per 1000
ownership tv-sets: per 1000
newspaper circulation: per 1000
persons per post office:
personal computers: per 1000
Some physical landmarks
mountains: Mt. Usborne 705 m, Mt. Adam 700
lowest point: sea level
lakes (natural): none, or of no importance
lakes (artificial reservoirs): none
lakes (deepest): unknown
rivers: none, or of no importance
canals: none
waterfalls: unknown
caves: longest system: none / deepest:
islands: see the separate file of the administrative division
deserts: none
other natural features:
Additional remarks, especially on the statistical information
other important features:
apart from physical landmarks most of the above figures are changeable, in most cases they date from the 1990's
discovered 1592 by John Davis; belonged from 1764-1767 to France; then as "Islas Malvinas"
from 1767-1816 to Spain, from 1816-1843 to Argentina ; and since 1843 to the United Kingdom
primary sources used for the general information:
BB CA EV PW WA WB WR, and some national statistical yearbooks
particulars concerning population data:

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Latest modification of this page on 2004-02-08 by Jan Lahmeyer
1999/2004 "populstat" site: Jan Lahmeyer