map of El Salvador; source: WR EL SALVADOR

general data of the country


 
General useful information
 
Note: some data are of constant value, while other are due to changes, fluctuations etc.
 
Nation and population
official name (short form): El Salvador
country code ISO: SV //; - FIPS: ES
location: Central America
time zone: -6 UT
surface (land) area: 21393 sq.km = 8236 sq.mi //; - area incl. inland waters: sq.km = sq.mi
geographical position in extreme co-ordinates: North: 14° N / South: 13° N / East: 88° W / West: 90° W
borders (land): Guatemala, Honduras
borders (coastline): Pacific Ocean
climate: tropical
Government
independent since: 1821-09-15 ; 1839-04-13 ; 1841-01-30
type of government: republic
capital: San Salvador
administrative division: departamento (14)
Population
population according to the latest census (1992): 5118,599
total population according to the estimate of midyear 2000: 6122,515; or: 6276,000; 2001: 6400,000
population density: 299 per sq.km = 775 per sq.mi
population growth: 2,4% //; - doubling time: 31 years
birth rate: 29 - 36 per 1000
death rate: 6 -7 per 1000
fertility rate: 4 children per female
maternal mortality: 70 per 100,000
infant mortality (1-4 years): 53 - 58 per 1000
life expectancy: 70 years (male: 66; female: 74)
age breakdown: 0-14 years: 45% //; - 15-59 years: 50% //; - 60+ years: 6%
urbanisation: 47% //; - urbanisation growth: 3,3%
percentage of urban population in the greatest city: 22%
Ethnic composition, language, religion
ethnic groups: Mestizo (Ladinos) 89%; Amerindian 9%; White 1%
languages: Spanish (official), Amerindian (Nahua, Maya)
religious affiliation: Roman Catholic 78%; Protestant 17%; many other Protestant groups 5%
Health
daily food intake: 2522 calories per capita
population with access to safe water: 55%
people per physician: 2800
people per hospital bed:
Education, literacy
school enrolment: primary education 6-11 years: 82%
school enrolment: secondary education: 26%
school enrolment: tertiary education 20-24 years: 8%
adult literacy: 74% (male: 77%; female: 71%)
 
Economy and infrastructure
 
Economy and trade
currency: Colón = 100 centavos
annual inflation rate: 7,4%
population below poverty line: 48%
Gross Domestic Product: USD 1610 per capita
GNI USD 2000 per capita //; - [ppp: 4410]
GDP growth: 2,6%
income: USD 1070 per capita
import: USD 2262 per capita //; - export: USD 813 per capita
trade: USD 250 per capita //; - or 59% of GDP
trade partners: US CR GT DE MX NL VE
human development index: 0,701 //; - position of the country in the world no.: 95
female labour force: 37%
unemployment: 7%
tourism: 0,8 million
Economic activities in agriculture, fisheries, industry, mining, services, energy
land use: arable land: 35% //; - grass land: 29% //; - wooded area: 5% //; - arid land and desert: %
agriculture: labour force: 8% //; - part of agriculture in GDP: 10%
agricultural products: coffee, tobacco, maize, sugar, rice
livestock (1000s): asses: / cattle: 1212 / goats: 15 / horses: 96 / pigs: 316 / poultry: 8100 / sheep: 5
fish catch: 15232 metric tonnes
industry: labour force: 22% //; - part of industry in GDP: 24%
industrial products: food processing, chemicals, oil products
mining products: salt, limestone, gypsum
CO2 emission per capita: 1,0
services: labour force: 70% //; - part of services in GDP: 66%
energy use (kg per capita): 651
electricity use (per capita): 568
annual water use (per capita): 245
Traffic, communication
road network: 12320 km //; - of which paved: 14% //; - of which are motorways: 306 km (Pan American highway)
vehicles: 29 per 1000
railways: 547 - 562 km //; - railways passenger/km: 5,5
navigable inland waterways: ca 50 km (Río Lempa)
ownership telephone: 53 - 76 per 1000
ownership radio receivers: 373 - 465 per 1000
ownership tv-sets: 241 - 700 per 1000
newspaper circulation: 53 per 1000
persons per post office: 18500
personal computers: 19 per 1000
 
Some physical landmarks
 
mountains: Volcán de Santa Ana 2365 m, Volcán de San Vicente 2182, Volcán de San Miguel 2130
lowest point: sea level
lakes (natural): Lago de Ilopango, Lago de Coatepeque, Lago de Güija
lakes (artificial reservoirs): Embalse Cerrón Grande
lakes (deepest): unknown
rivers: Río Lempa, Paz, Sumpul, Torola, Goascorán
canals: unknown
waterfalls: unknown
caves: longest system: unknown / deepest:
islands: Isla San Sebastián
deserts: none
other natural features:
 
Additional remarks, especially on the statistical information
 
other important features:
apart from physical landmarks most of the above figures are changeable, in most cases they date from the 1990's
 
primary sources used for the general information:
BB CA EV PW WA WB WR, and some national statistical yearbooks
particulars concerning population data:
 

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Official site of El Salvador


Latest modification of this page on 2004-02-07 by Jan Lahmeyer
1999/2004 "populstat" site: Jan Lahmeyer