map of Ecuador; source: WR ECUADOR

general data of the country


 
General useful information
 
Note: some data are of constant value, while other are due to changes, fluctuations etc.
 
Nation and population
official name (short form): Ecuador
country code ISO: EC //; - FIPS: EC
location: NW South America
time zone: -5 UT (Galápagos -6 UT)
surface (land) area: 276840 sq.km = 105037 sq.mi //; - area incl. inland waters: sq.km = sq.mi
geographical position in extreme co-ordinates: North: 2° N / South: 5° S / East: 75° W / West: 81° W (excluding Galápagos)
borders (land): Colombia, Perú
borders (coastline): Pacific Ocean
climate: tropical, which - infuenced by altitude - varies to alpine
Government
independent since: 1822-05-24
type of government: republic
capital: Quito
administrative division: provincia (21); these further divided into canton (115), and comunidad (715)
Population
population according to the last two censuses: (1990): 9648,189 ; (2001): 12090,804
total population according to the estimate of midyear 2000: 12920,092; or: 12646,000
population density: 44 per sq.km = 113 per sq.mi
population growth: 2,4% //; - doubling time: 34 years
birth rate: 31 per 1000
death rate: 6,5 per 1000
fertility rate: 4 children per female
maternal mortality: 190 per 100,000
infant mortality (1-4 years): 39 - 57 per 1000
life expectancy: 71 years (male: 68; female: 74)
age breakdown: 0-14 years: 40% //; - 15-59 years: 55% //; - 60+ years: 6%
urbanisation: 64% //; - urbanisation growth: 4,5%
percentage of urban population in the greatest city: 29%
Ethnic composition, language, religion
ethnic groups: Mestizo 40-55%; Amerindian 25-40%; white 10-15%; black 5-10% [differences depends on source]
languages: Spanish ; Quechua and other Amerindian
religious affiliation: Roman Catholic 92,5%; Protestant 3,4%; other: 4,1%
Health
daily food intake: 2724 calories per capita
population with access to safe water: 70%
people per physician: 980
people per hospital bed:
Education, literacy
school enrolment: primary education 6-11 years: 55%
school enrolment: secondary education: 28%
school enrolment: tertiary education 20-24 years: 16%
adult literacy: 88,3% (male: 90,5%; female: 86,2%)
 
Economy and infrastructure
 
Economy and trade
currency: Sucre = 100 centavos
annual inflation rate: 34%
population below poverty line: 35%
Gross Domestic Product: USD 1390 per capita
GNI USD 1210 per capita //; - [ppp: 2910]
GDP growth: 0%
income: USD 1020 per capita
import: USD 4195 per capita //; - export: USD 4362 per capita
trade: USD 474 per capita //; - or 61% of GDP
trade partners: US CO JP BR VE DE MX IT PE CL ES BE
human development index: 0,726 //; - position of the country in the world no.: 84
female labour force: 28%
unemployment: 9%
tourism: 0,6 million
Economic activities in agriculture, fisheries, industry, mining, services, energy
land use: arable land: 10% //; - grass land: 19% //; - wooded area: 39% //; - arid land and desert: %
agriculture: labour force: 39% //; - part of agriculture in GDP: 15%
agricultural products: bananas, rice, maize, planains, potatoes, soybeans, cocoa, coffee, sugar, plantains
livestock (million): cattle: 5,1 / goats: 0,3 / horses: 0,5 / pigs: 2,8 / poultry: 136 / sheep: 1,9
fish catch: 497872 metric tonnes (especially shrimp)
industry: labour force: 20% //; - part of industry in GDP: 35%
industrial products: food processing, chemical, petroleum products, metalwork, textiles
mining products: crude petroleum, natural gas, limestone, gold, kaolin
CO2 emission per capita: 2,2
services: labour force: 42% //; - part of services in GDP: 50%
energy use (kg per capita): 705
electricity use (per capita): 620
annual water use (per capita): 581
Traffic, communication
road network: 43200 km //; - of which paved: 18% //; - of which are motorways: 1397 km
vehicles: 46 per 1000
railways: 966 km //; - railways passenger/km: 27
navigable inland waterways: 1500 km
ownership telephone: 65 - 91 per 1000
ownership radio receivers: 277 - 348 per 1000
ownership tv-sets: 79 - 148 per 1000
newspaper circulation: 72 per 1000
persons per post office: 42900
personal computers: 22 per 1000
 
Some physical landmarks
 
mountains: Chimborazo 6310 m, Cotopaxi 5897, Atizana 5704, Iliniza 5263
lowest point: sea level
lakes (natural): none or of little importance
lakes (artificial reservoirs): unknown
lakes (deepest): unknown
rivers: Daule, Napo, San Miguel
canals: none
waterfalls: Agoyan 67 m
caves: longest system: unknown / deepest:
islands: Archipiélago Colón (Galápagos), Isla Puna
deserts: none
other natural features:
 
Additional remarks, especially on the statistical information
 
other important features:
apart from physical landmarks most of the above figures are changeable, in most cases they date from the 1990's
area 1878: 643295 sq.km; afterwards 444851 sq.km; since 1942: 256074 sq.km
primary sources used for the general information:
BB CA EV PW WA WB WR, and some national statistical yearbooks
particulars concerning population data:
 

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Latest modification of this page on 2004-02-07 by Jan Lahmeyer
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