map of Costa Rica; source: WR COSTA RICA

general data of the country


 
General useful information
 
Note: some data are of constant value, while other are due to changes, fluctuations etc.
 
Nation and population
 
official name (short form): Costa Rica
country code ISO: CR [CRI] //; - FIPS: CS
location: Central America
time zone: -6 UT
surface (land) area: 50100 sq.km = 19344 sq.mi //; - area incl. inland waters: 51100 (51500) sq.km = 19730 (19344) sq.mi
geographical position in extreme co-ordinates: North: 11°13'12" N / South: 8° N / East: 84°15' W / West: 85°57'57" W
borders (land): Nicaragua, Panamá
borders (coastline): Atlantic Ocean, Pacific Ocean
climate: tropical, with varieties due to altitude
Government
independent since: 1821-09-15 ; 1838-11-14
type of government: republic
capital: San José
administrative division: provincia (7)
Population
population according to the latest census (2000): 3810,187 ; or: 3824,593
total population according to the estimate of midyear 2000: 3710,558; or: 3811,000 /-; 2001: 3907,000 /-; 2002: 3942,000
population density: 76 per sq.km = 196 per sq.mi
population growth: 2,9% //; - doubling time: 33 years
birth rate: 20 - 26 per 1000
death rate: 4 per 1000
fertility rate: 3 children per female
maternal mortality: 36 per 100,000
infant mortality (in the first year of life): 9 - 17 per 1000
infant mortality (from 1st - 4th year of life): 9 - 13 per 1000
life expectancy: 75 years (male: 73; female: 78) [FW 2002 total both sexes: 78 years]
age breakdown: 0-14 years: 36% //; - 15-59 years: 57% //; - 60+ years: 6%
urbanisation: 48% //; - urbanisation growth: 4%
percentage of urban population in the greatest city: 65%
Ethnic composition, language, religion
ethnic groups: White 87%; Mestizo 7%; Mulatto: 3%; of Asian descent: 2%; Amerindian 1%
languages: Spanish (official), Creole, Amerindian
religious affiliation: Roman Catholic 92 - 95%; Protestant: 5 - 8%
Health
daily food intake: 2781 calories per capita
population with access to safe water: 92% [FW 2000: 95%]
people per physician: 560 - 1030
people per hospital bed: 582
Education, literacy
school enrolment: primary education 6-11 years: 100% [FW 2001: 91%]
school enrolment: secondary education: 48% [FW 2001: 51%]
school enrolment: tertiary education 20-24 years: 23%
adult literacy: 94,8% (male: 94,7%; female: 95%) [PG total: 93%; FW 2000 total: 96%]
 
Economy and infrastructure
 
Economy and trade
currency: Costa Rica colón = 100 céntimos
annual inflation rate: 16 - 17%
population below poverty line: 22% [FW 2001: 7%]
Gross Domestic Product: USD 6260 per capita
GNI USD 3810 - 4070 per capita //; - [ppp: 7980 - 8560]
GDP growth: 3%
income: USD 1930 - 2610 per capita
import: USD 3030 per capita //; - export: USD 2218 per capita
trade: USD 1110 per capita //; - or 77% of GDP
trade partners: US GT DE IT MX JP VE GB NL IL
human development index: 0,821 //; - position of the country in the world no.: 41
female labour force: 31%
unemployment: 5 - 7%
tourism: 1 million
Economic activities in agriculture, fisheries, industry, mining, services, energy
land use: arable land: 10% //; - grass land: 46% //; - wooded area: 32% //; - arid land and desert: %
agriculture: labour force: 25% [FW 2002: 16%] //; - part of agriculture in GDP: 18% [FW 2002: 8%]
agricultural products: coffee, meat, bananas, sugarcane, pineapples, rice, oranges, plantains, palm oil, potatoes
livestock (1000s): asses: 8 / cattle: 1220-1720 / goats: 1650 / horses: 114 / pigs: 390-475 / poultry: 17140 / sheep: 3
fish catch: 25679 - 37658 metric tonnes
industry: labour force: 18% [PG: 27% ; FW 2002: 22,5%] //; - part of industry in GDP: 25% [FW 2002: 29%]
industrial products: chemicals, machinery, textiles, leather, food processing, construction materials, fertilizer, plastics
mining products: gold, salt, silver, haematite, bauxite, manganese, mercury
CO2 emission per capita: 1,4
services: labour force: 56% [PG: 48%; FW 2002: 61%] //; - part of services in GDP: 57% [FW 2002: 62%]
energy use (kg per capita): 818
electricity use (per capita): 1426
annual water use (per capita): 780
Traffic, communication
road network: 35556 km //; - of which paved: 22% [7896] //; - of which are motorways: 663 km (Pan American highway)
vehicles: 50 - 88 per 1000 // international license plate: CR
railways: 581; or: 950 km //; - railways passenger/km: 6
navigable inland waterways: 730 km
ownership telephone: 204 - 230 per 1000 // international dialling code: +506
ownership radio receivers: 258 - 283 per 1000
ownership tv-sets: 136 - 386 per 1000
newspaper circulation: 102 per 1000
persons per post office:
personal computers: 149 per 1000
 
Some physical landmarks
 
mountains: Cerro Cirripó Grande (in the Cordillera de Talamanca) 3819-3820 m, Cerro Kámuk 3554, Volcán Irazú 3432, Volcán Turrialba 3328
lowest point: sea level
lakes (natural): Lago Arenal
lakes (artificial reservoirs): unknown
lakes (deepest): unknown
rivers: Grande de Tarcoles, Tempisque, San Juan, San Carlos
canals: none
waterfalls: unknown
caves: longest system: unknown / deepest:
islands: Isla Calero 151,6 sq.km; Isla Brava 44,4; Isla Chira 43
deserts: none
other natural features:
 
Additional remarks, especially on the statistical information
 
other important features:
apart from physical landmarks most of the above figures are changeable, in most cases they date from the 1990's
 
primary sources used for the general information:
BB CA DK EV FW PW WA WB WR, and some - local national or international - statistical yearbooks
particulars concerning population data:
 

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Latest modification of this page on 2004-12-30 by Jan Lahmeyer
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