map of Colombia; source: WR COLOMBIA

general data of the country


 
General useful information
 
Note: some data are of constant value, while other are due to changes, fluctuations etc.
 
Nation and population
 
official name (short form): Colombia
country code ISO: CO [COL] //; - FIPS: CO
location: NW South America
time zone: -5 UT
surface (land) area: 1038700 sq.km = 401042 sq.mi //; - area incl. inland waters: 1141748 sq.km = 449831 sq.mi
geographical position in extreme co-ordinates: North: 12° N / South: 4° S / East: 67° W / West: 79° W
borders (land): Venezuela, Brazil, Perú, Ecuador, Panamá
borders (coastline): Atlantic Ocean, Pacific Ocean
climate: lower regions: tropical; mountainous areas: mild and cool
Government
independent since: 1810-07-20 ; 1830 ; 1903
type of government: republic
capital: (Santafé de) Bogotá
administrative division: departamento (23) + intendencia (4) + comisaria (5)
Population
population according to the latest census (1993): 33109,840, or: 37422,791
total population according to the estimate of midyear 2000: 39685,655 ; or: 42299,000 /-; 2002: 43733,000
population density: 38 per sq.km = 100 per sq.mi
population growth: 2,2% //; - doubling time: 39 years
birth rate: 21 - 26 per 1000
death rate: 5 - 6 per 1000
fertility rate: 3 children per female
maternal mortality: 110 per 100,000
infant mortality (in the first year of life): 19 - 25 per 1000
infant mortality (from 1st - 4th year of life): 19, 37, 46 per 1000 [differences due to sources used]
life expectancy: 71-73 years (male: 67-70; female: 75-76)
age breakdown: 0-14 years: 36% //; - 15-59 years: 58% //; - 60+ years: 6%
urbanisation: 74% //; - urbanisation growth: 4%
percentage of urban population in the greatest city: 26%
Ethnic composition, language, religion
ethnic groups: Mestizo 58%; White 20%; Mulatto 14%; Black 4%; Zambos 3%; Amerindian 1%
languages: Spanish ; Amerindian languages and dialects, like e.g. chibcha and quechua
religious affiliation: Roman Catholic 92%, other: 8%
Health
daily food intake: 2559 calories per capita
population with access to safe water: 78% [FW 2000: 91%]
people per physician: 910 - 1100
people per hospital bed: 1000
Education, literacy
school enrolment: primary education 6-11 years: 100%
school enrolment: secondary education: 52% [DK: 70%]
school enrolment: tertiary education 20-24 years: 14% [DK: 23%]
adult literacy: 91% (male: 93%; female: 89%) [PG total: 87%; FW 2000: 92%]
 
Economy and infrastructure
 
Economy and trade
currency: Peso = 100 centavos
annual inflation rate: 20 - 21%
population below poverty line: 14 - 18%
Gross Domestic Product: USD 1900 per capita
GNI USD 1820 - 2020 per capita //; - [ppp: 6060 - 6150]
GDP growth: 1%
income: USD 1280 - 1910 per capita
import: USD 13863 per capita //; - export: USD 10328 per capita
trade: USD 364 per capita //; - or 30% of GDP
trade partners: US JP DE BR NL MX VE EC PE
human development index: 0,765 //; - position of the country in the world no.: 62
female labour force: 39%
unemployment: 15 - 21%
tourism: 0,5 - 0,6 million
Economic activities in agriculture, fisheries, industry, mining, services, energy
land use: arable land: 5% //; - grass land: 39% //; - wooded area: 48% //; - arid land and desert: %
agriculture: labour force: 9% [PG: 2% ; FW 2001: 22%] //; - part of agriculture in GDP: 17% [FW 2002: 14%]
agricultural products: coffee, bananas, cotton, sugarcane, plantains, potatoes, rice, maize, sorghum, oilseed, tobacco, cocoa
livestock (million): asses: 0,7 / cattle: 26-27 / goats: 1,2 / horses: 2,6 / mules: 0,6 / pigs: 2,8 / poultry: 105-108 / sheep: 2,3 / vicuña: 3,7
fish catch: 117949 - 199227 metric tonnes
industry: labour force: 21% [FW 2001: 18%] //; - part of industry in GDP: 35% [FW 2002: 30%]
industrial products: iron, cement, petrochemicals, vehicles, food processing, paper, textiles
mining products: natural oil & gas, petroleum, coal, emeralds, silver, gold, iron ore, copper, nickel
CO2 emission per capita: 1,7
services: labour force: 67% [PG: 77% ; FW 2001: 59%] //; - part of services in GDP: 48% [FW 2002: 56%]
energy use (kg per capita): 676
electricity use (per capita): 772
annual water use (per capita): 174
Traffic, communication
road network: 129177 km //; - of which paved: 14% [26000] //; - of which are motorways: 4985 km (mainly Pan American highway)
vehicles: 33 - 43 per 1000 // international license plate: CO
railways: 2532 - 3304 km //; - railways passenger/km: 180
navigable inland waterways: 7053, 14300, or 18410 km [difference depends on source used]
ownership telephone: 100 - 171 per 1000 // international dialling code: +57
ownership radio receivers: 150 - 581 per 1000
ownership tv-sets: 127 - 188 per 1000
newspaper circulation: 64 per 1000
persons per post office: 21207
personal computers: 35 per 1000
 
Some physical landmarks
 
mountains: Pico Cristóbal Colón 5775 m, Huila 5750, Sierra Nevada del Cocuy 5493, Tolima 5215
lowest point: sea level
lakes (natural): Cienaga Grande, and a lot of other lakes
lakes (artificial reservoirs): Cga. Zapatosa, Cga. Grande de Santa Marta
lakes (deepest): unknown
rivers: Río Magdalena, Caucá, Atrato, San Juan, Patía, Meta, Orinoco, Guaviare, Putumayo
canals: none
waterfalls: Catarata de Candelas 300 m
caves: longest system: unknown / deepest:
islands: San Andrés y Providencia
deserts: none
other natural features:
 
Additional remarks, especially on the statistical information
 
other important features:
apart from physical landmarks most of the above figures are changeable, in most cases they date from the 1990's
 
primary sources used for the general information:
BB CA DK EV FW PW WA WB WR, and some - local national or international - statistical yearbooks
particulars concerning population data:
 

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Latest modification of this page on 2004-12-27 by Jan Lahmeyer
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