map of Zambia; source WR ZAMBIA

general data of the country


 
General useful information
 
Note: some data are of constant value, while other are due to changes, fluctuations etc.
 
Nation and population
official name (short form): Zambia
country code ISO: ZM //; - FIPS: ZA
location: Central Southern Africa
time zone: +2 UT
surface (land) area: 752614 sq.km = 290586= sq.mi //; - area incl. inland waters: sq.km = sq.mi
geographical position in extreme co-ordinates: North: 8° S / South: 18° S / East: 34° E / West: 22° E
borders (land): Congo Kinshasa, Tanzania, Malawi, Zimbabwe, Namibia, Angola
borders (coastline): none
climate: tropical, humidity tempered by altitude
Government
independent since: 1964-10-24
type of government: republic
capital: Lusaka
administrative division: province (9)
Population
population according to the latest census (1990): 7818,447
total population according to the estimate of midyear 2000: 9582,418; or: 10089,000 /-; 2001: 9343,000; or: 9770,199
population density: 13 per sq.km = 33 per sq.mi
population growth: 3% //; - doubling time: 24 years
birth rate: 41 - 45 per 1000
death rate: 15 - 22 per 1000
fertility rate: 6 - 7 children per female
maternal mortality: 150 per 100,000
infant mortality (1-4 years): 104 per 1000
life expectancy: 38 - 45 years (male: 37 - 45; female: 38 - 46)
age breakdown: 0-14 years: 49% //; - 15-59 years: 47% //; - 60+ years: 4%
urbanisation: 40% //; - urbanisation growth: 5%
percentage of urban population in the greatest city: 35%
Ethnic composition, language, religion
ethnic groups: Bemba 39%; Maravi (Nyanja) 20%; Tonga 15%; North-Western peoples 10%; Barotze 8%; European 1%
languages: English (official); Bemba, Tonga, Nyanja, Lozi, Lunda, Luvale, Kaonde
religious affiliation: traditional beliefs 27%; Protestant 23%; Roman Catholic 17%; Hindu & Muslim 24%; African Christian 8%
Health
daily food intake: 1950 calories per capita
population with access to safe water: 43 - 64%
people per physician: 6959
people per hospital bed:
Education, literacy
school enrolment: primary education 6-11 years: 95%
school enrolment: secondary education: 17%
school enrolment: tertiary education 20-24 years: 2%
adult literacy: 78% (male: 86%; female: 71%)
 
Economy and infrastructure
 
Economy and trade
currency: Zambian kwacha = 100 ngwee
annual inflation rate: 51%
population below poverty line: 86%
Gross Domestic Product: USD 350 - 960 per capita
GNI USD 300 per capita //; - [ppp: 750]
GDP growth: -2%
income: USD 420 per capita
import: USD 1238 per capita //; - export: USD 1049 per capita
trade: USD 265 per capita //; - or 54% of GDP
trade partners: ZA GB US JP CN
human development index: 0,427 //; - position of the country in the world no.: 143
female labour force: 45%
unemployment: %
tourism: 0,6 million
Economic activities in agriculture, fisheries, industry, mining, services, energy
land use: arable land: 7% //; - grass land: 40% //; - wooded area: 39% //; - arid land and desert: %
agriculture: labour force: 38% //; - part of agriculture in GDP: 16%
agricultural products: sugarcane, corn/maize, cassava, fruits & vegetables, sweet potatoes, millet/sorghum
livestock (million): cattle: 2,4 / goats: 1,2 / pigs: 0,3 / poultry: 29 / sheep: 0,14
fish catch: 67300 - 70700 metric tonnes
industry: labour force: 8% //; - part of industry in GDP: 47%
industrial products: copper, cement, sugar, flour, zinc, lead, cigarettes, construction, foodstuffs, chemicals
mining products: copper, cobalt, coal, zinc, lead, gold, emeralds, amethyst, silver, uranium
CO2 emission per capita: 0,2
services: labour force: 55% //; - part of services in GDP: 37%
energy use (kg per capita): 626
electricity use (per capita): 540
annual water use (per capita): 186
Traffic, communication
road network: 38898 km //; - of which paved: 18% //; - of which are motorways: 0 km
vehicles: 9 per 1000
railways: 1273, or 2164 km //; - railways passenger/km: 267
navigable inland waterways: 2250 km
ownership telephone: 8 - 9 per 1000
ownership radio receivers: 99 - 139 per 1000
ownership tv-sets: 32 - 64 per 1000
newspaper circulation: per 1000
persons per post office: 44200
personal computers: 7 per 1000
 
Some physical landmarks
 
mountains: Sunzu 2067 m, Luangwa 1848, Chimbwingombi 1788, nameless 1769, nameless 1585, nameless 1553, Vimbe 1544
lowest point: in the Southeast corner where the Zambeze river leaves the country
lakes (natural): Lake Mweru, Lake Tanganyika, Lake Bangweulu
lakes (artificial reservoirs): Lake Kariba
lakes (deepest): Lake Tanganyika
rivers: Zambezi, Luangwa, Kafue
canals: none, or unknown
waterfalls: Victoria 104,5 m
caves: longest system: / deepest:
islands: none
deserts: none
other natural features:
 
Additional remarks, especially on the statistical information
 
other important features:
apart from physical landmarks most of the above figures are changeable, in most cases they date from the 1990's
 
primary sources used for the general information:
BB CA EV PW WA WB WR, and some national statistical yearbooks
particulars concerning population data:
 

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Latest modification of this page on 2004-03-15 by Jan Lahmeyer
1999/2004 "populstat" site: Jan Lahmeyer