map of Tanzania; source WR TANZANIA

general data of the country


 
General useful information
 
Note: some data are of constant value, while other are due to changes, fluctuations etc.
 
Nation and population
official name (short form): Tanzania
country code ISO: TZ //; - FIPS: TZ
location: East Africa
time zone: +3 UT
surface (land) area: 945090 sq.km = 364091 sq.mi //; - area incl. inland waters: sq.km = sq.mi
geographical position in extreme co-ordinates: North: 1° S / South: 12° S / East: 40° E / West: 29° E
borders (land): Mozambique, Malawi. Zambia, Congo Kinshasa, Burundi, Rwanda, Uganda, Kenya
borders (coastline): Indian Ocean
climate: tropical
Government
independent since: 1961-12-09; 1964-04-26
type of government: republic
capital: Dodoma
administrative division: region (25)
Population
population according to the latest census (1988): 23126,310 /; or:/ 23174,336
total population according to the estimate of midyear 2000: 35306,126; or: 33696,000/ -; 2001: 34355,000; or: 36232,074
population density: 37 per sq.km = 97 per sq.mi
population growth: 3% //; - doubling time: 30 years
birth rate: 40 - 42 per 1000
death rate: 13 - 19 per 1000
fertility rate: 6 children per female
maternal mortality: 340 per 100,000
infant mortality (1-4 years): 107 per 1000
life expectancy: 52 years (male: 51; female: 53)
age breakdown: 0-14 years: 49% //; - 15-59 years: 47% //; - 60+ years: 4%
urbanisation: 33% //; - urbanisation growth: 9%
percentage of urban population in the greatest city: 50%
Ethnic composition, language, religion
ethnic groups: Nyamwezi & Sukuma 26,3%%; Swahili 8,8%; Haya 5,3%; Hehet & Bena 5%; Chagga 4,4%; Gogo 4,4%; Makonde 3,7%
languages: English, Swahili (both official); and many others
religious affiliation: Sunnî Muslim 35 - 37%; Christian 30 - 44%; traditional/animist 19 - 35%
Health
daily food intake: 1999 calories per capita
population with access to safe water: 49 - 54%
people per physician: 25011
people per hospital bed: 1000
Education, literacy
school enrolment: primary education 6-11 years: 100%
school enrolment: secondary education: 4%
school enrolment: tertiary education 20-24 years: <1%
adult literacy: 68% (male: 80%; female: 57%)
 
Economy and infrastructure
 
Economy and trade
currency: Tanzanian shilling = 100 cents
annual inflation rate: 22%
population below poverty line: 42%
Gross Domestic Product: USD 100 per capita
GNI USD 270 per capita //; - [ppp: 520]
GDP growth: 0,1%
income: USD 100 per capita
import: USD 1022 per capita //; - export: USD 416 per capita
trade: USD 56 per capita //; - or 24% of GDP
trade partners: GB DE JP IT FI NL
human development index: 0,436 //; - position of the country in the world no.: 140
female labour force: 49%
unemployment: %
tourism: 0,6million
Economic activities in agriculture, fisheries, industry, mining, services, energy
land use: arable land: 4% //; - grass land: 40% //; - wooded area: 46% //; - arid land and desert: %
agriculture: labour force: 78% //; - part of agriculture in GDP: 61%
agricultural products: cassava, maize, sugarcane, sorghum, rice, bananas, plantains, millet, sisal, cotton, coffee, tea, tobacco, cloves
livestock (million): cattle: 14 / goats: 10 / pigs: 0,3 / poultry: 29 / sheep: 4
fish catch: 310020 - 357210 metric tonnes
industry: labour force: 5% //; - part of industry in GDP: 5%
industrial products: cement, food processing, sugar, hides & skins, soap, wheat flour, textiles
mining products: natural gas & oil, iron, diamonds, gold, salt, phosphates, coal, gypsum, kaolin, tin, gemstones
CO2 emission per capita: 0,1
services: labour force: 15% //; - part of services in GDP: 34%
energy use (kg per capita): 457
electricity use (per capita): 55
annual water use (per capita): 40
Traffic, communication
road network: 82114, or 88200 km //; - of which paved: 4% //; - of which are motorways: 0 km
vehicles: 2 per 1000
railways: 3569, or 4000 km //; - railways passenger/km: 3740
navigable inland waterways: 0 km; only lakes are navigable
ownership telephone: 3 - 5 per 1000
ownership radio receivers: 20 - 279 per 1000
ownership tv-sets: 3 - 16 per 1000
newspaper circulation: 8 per 1000
persons per post office: 54400
personal computers: 3 per 1000
 
Some physical landmarks
 
mountains: Kilimanjaro (Kibo) 5895 m, Mawensi 5355, Meru 4595, Loolmalasin 3648
lowest point: sea level
lakes (natural): Lake Victoria, Lake Tanganyika, Lake Nyasa, Lake Rukwa, Lake Eyasi, Lake Natron
lakes (artificial reservoirs):
lakes (deepest): unknown
rivers: Malagarasi, Pangani, Ruaha, Rufifi, Ruvuma
canals: none, or unknown
waterfalls: none, or unknown
caves: longest system: none, or unknown / deepest:
islands: Zanzibar, Pemba, Mafia
deserts: none
other natural features:
 
Additional remarks, especially on the statistical information
 
other important features:
apart from physical landmarks most of the above figures are changeable, in most cases they date from the 1990's
 
primary sources used for the general information:
BB CA EV PW WA WB WR, and some national statistical yearbooks
particulars concerning population data:
 

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Latest modification of this page on 2004-03-09 by Jan Lahmeyer
1999/2004 "populstat" site: Jan Lahmeyer