map of Swaziland; source WR SWAZILAND

general data of the country


 
General useful information
 
Note: some data are of constant value, while other are due to changes, fluctuations etc.
 
Nation and population
official name (short form): Swaziland, weSwatini
country code ISO: SZ //; - FIPS: WZ
location: Southern Africa
time zone: +2 UT
surface (land) area: 17360 sq.km = 6703 sq.mi //; - area incl. inland waters: sq.km = sq.mi
geographical position in extreme co-ordinates: North: 26° S / South: 28° S / East: 32° E / West: 30° E
borders (land): Mozambique, South Africa
borders (coastline): none
climate: temperate
Government
independent since: 1968-09-06
type of government: constitutional monarchy
capital: Mbabane
administrative division: district (4)
Population
population according to the last two censuses: 1986: 681,059 /-; 1997: 965,859
total population according to the estimate of midyear 2000: 1083,289 /-; 2001: 1104,343
population density: 63 per sq.km = 164 per sq.mi
population growth: 3% //; - doubling time: 22 years
birth rate: 40 - 43 per 1000
death rate: 11 - 22 per 1000
fertility rate: 6 children per female
maternal mortality: per 100,000
infant mortality (1-4 years): 91 per 1000
life expectancy: 38 - 57 years (male: 38 - 53; female: 39 - 61)
age breakdown: 0-14 years: 47% //; - 15-59 years: 48% //; - 60+ years: 5%
urbanisation: 26 - 34% //; - urbanisation growth: %
percentage of urban population in the greatest city: %
Ethnic composition, language, religion
ethnic groups: Swazi 84,3%; Zulu 9,9%; Tsonga 2,5%; Indian 0,8%; Pakistani 0,8%; Portuguese 0,5%
languages: English, siSwati (both official)
religious affiliation: Protestant 37%; African indigenous 29%; Roman Catholic 11%; traditional beliefs 21%
Health
daily food intake: 2503 calories per capita
population with access to safe water: 43%
people per physician: 6663
people per hospital bed:
Education, literacy
school enrolment: primary education 6-11 years: 60%
school enrolment: secondary education: 20%
school enrolment: tertiary education 20-24 years: 4%
adult literacy: 77% (male: %; female: %)
 
Economy and infrastructure
 
Economy and trade
currency: lilangeni = 100 cents
annual inflation rate: 13%
population below poverty line: 40%
Gross Domestic Product: USD 1160 per capita
GNI USD 1390 per capita //; - [ppp: 4600]
GDP growth: 0,2%
income: USD 1060 per capita
import: USD 963 per capita //; - export: USD 752 per capita
trade: USD 1300 per capita //; - or 131% of GDP
trade partners: ZA
human development index: 0,583 //; - position of the country in the world no.: 113
female labour force: 38%
unemployment: %
tourism: 0,3 million
Economic activities in agriculture, fisheries, industry, mining, services, energy
land use: arable land: 12% //; - grass land: 69% //; - wooded area: 6% //; - arid land and desert: %
agriculture: labour force: 74% //; - part of agriculture in GDP: 23%
agricultural products: sugarcane, maize, grapefruit & pomelo, lint cotton, roots & tubers, rice, pineappels, tobacco, peanuts
livestock (1000s): cattle: 607-658 / goats: 422-440 / pigs: 32 / poultry: 990-3000 / sheep: 27
fish catch: metric tonnes
industry: labour force: 9% //; - part of industry in GDP: 40%
industrial products: food processing, paper & paper products, textiles, wood products, pulp
mining products: asbestos, diamonds, coal, gold, cassiterite, iron, beryl
CO2 emission per capita: 0,4
services: labour force: 17% //; - part of services in GDP: 37%
energy use (kg per capita): 264
electricity use (per capita):
annual water use (per capita): 423
Traffic, communication
road network: 2779, or 3825 km //; - of which paved: 28% //; - of which are motorways: 0 km
vehicles: 32 per 1000
railways: 301, or 370 km //; - railways passenger/km: 1210
navigable inland waterways: 0 km
ownership telephone: 21 - 31 per 1000
ownership radio receivers: 129 - 550 per 1000
ownership tv-sets: 96 - 107 per 1000
newspaper circulation: 14 per 1000
persons per post office: 14900
personal computers: 0,3 per 1000
 
Some physical landmarks
 
mountains: Emlembe 1862 m
lowest point: ca 170 m, on the Eastern border where the Lusutfu river leaves the country
lakes (natural): none, or unknown
lakes (artificial reservoirs): Jozini, Mnjoli
lakes (deepest): unknown
rivers: Komati, Mbuluzi, Lusutfu, Nggwavuma
canals: none, or unknown
waterfalls: none, or unknown
caves: longest system: none, or unknown / deepest:
islands: none
deserts: none
other natural features:
 
Additional remarks, especially on the statistical information
 
other important features:
apart from physical landmarks most of the above figures are changeable, in most cases they date from the 1990's
 
primary sources used for the general information:
BB CA EV PW WA WB WR, and some national statistical yearbooks
particulars concerning population data:
 

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Latest modification of this page on 2004-03-08 by Jan Lahmeyer
1999/2004 "populstat" site: Jan Lahmeyer